93. Marriage with Nurse ( al-Qabilah )

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ خَلادٍ السِّنْدِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ [عَنْ جَابِرٍ] عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ يَتَزَوَّجُ قَابِلَتَهُ قَالَ لا وَلا ابْنَتَهَا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Khalfad af-Sindiy from “Amr ibn Shamir from (Jabir) who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if one can marry his al- Qabilah (special nurse who helps one’s mother during her giving birth and thereafter). He (the Imam) said, ‘No, and not her daughter also.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/224)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ الأنْصَارِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْقَابِلَةِ أَيَحِلُّ لِلْمَوْلُودِ أَنْ يَنْكِحَهَا فَقَالَ لا وَلا ابْنَتَهَا هِيَ بَعْضُ أُمَّهَاتِهِ. وَفِي رِوَايَةِ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ إِنْ قَبِلَتْ وَمَرَّتْ فَالْقَوَابِلُ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ وَإِنْ قَبِلَتْ وَرَبَّتْ حَرُمَتْ عَلَيْهِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from abu Muhammad al-Ansariy from “Amr ibn Shamir from Jabir ibn Yazid who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Qabilah (special nurse who helps one’s mother during her giving birth and thereafter); if the child can marry her. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, not her daughter also, because she is one of his mothers.’ Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If she just helps to give birth and moves on, then such nurses are many; but if she helps during birth, and brings him up, then she is unlawful for marriage.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/225)



3- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادِ بْنِ عِيسَى بَيَّاعِ السَّابِرِيِّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا اسْتَقْبَلَ الصَّبِيُّ الْقَابِلَةَ بِوَجْهِهِ حَرُمَتْ عَلَيْهِ وَحَرُمَ عَلَيْهِ وَلَدُهَا.


3. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ahmad from Ali ibn al-Hassan from Muhammad ibn Ziyad ibn ‘Isa Bayya’ al- Sabiriy from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Ibrahim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If the child feels compassion toward al-Qabilah (special nurse who helps one’s mother during her giving birth and thereafter) she becomes unlawful to him for marriage as well as her children.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/225)