83. The Case of Four Wives and Divorcing one to Marry another before the end of the ‘Iddah (waiting period) or Marries Five Women at one Time

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا جَمَعَ الرَّجُلُ أَرْبَعاً فَطَلَّقَ إِحْدَاهُنَّ فَلا يَتَزَوَّجِ الْخَامِسَةَ حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّةُ الْمَرْأَةِ الَّتِي طَلَّقَ وَقَالَ لا يَجْمَعِ الرَّجُلُ مَاءَهُ فِي خَمْسٍ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from Zurarah ibn ‘A‘yan and Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man accumulates four wives then divorces one, he cannot marry the fifth before the end of waiting period of the woman whom he has divorced.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘A man cannot deposit his water in five.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/190)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ أَرْبَعُ نِسْوَةٍ فَيُطَلِّقُ إِحْدَاهُنَّ أَيَتَزَوَّجُ مَكَانَهَا أُخْرَى قَالَ لا حَتَّى تَنْقَضِيَ عِدَّتُهَا.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has four wives; if he can divorce one and marry in her place another one. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he cannot do so until her waiting period is complete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/190)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ كَانَتْ تَحْتَهُ أَرْبَعُ نِسْوَةٍ فَطَلَّقَ وَاحِدَةً ثُمَّ نَكَحَ أُخْرَى قَبْلَ أَنْ تَسْتَكْمِلَ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ الْعِدَّةَ قَالَ فَلْيُلْحِقْهَا بِأَهْلِهَا حَتَّى تَسْتَكْمِلَ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ أَجَلَهَا وَتَسْتَقْبِلُ الأخْرَى عِدَّةً أُخْرَى وَلَهَا صَدَاقُهَا إِنْ كَانَ دَخَلَ بِهَا فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ دَخَلَ بِهَا فَلَهُ مَالُهُ وَلا عِدَّةَ عَلَيْهَا ثُمَّ إِنْ شَاءَ أَهْلُهَا بَعْدَ انْقِضَاءِ عِدَّتِهَا زَوَّجُوهُ وَإِنْ شَاءُوا لَمْ يُزَوِّجُوهُ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Asem ibn Hamid from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “About the case of a man who has four wives, who divorces one and marries another one in her place before the waiting period of the one just divorced is complete, I once heard abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, saying, ‘He must join her with her family until the one just divorced completes her waiting period and the other one must complete a waiting period and she deserves her mahr (dower), if he has gone to bed with her; but if he has not gone to bed with her he has his assets and there is no waiting period on her; thereafter if she asks her family to arrange marriage for her they can do so or if they want they will not do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/191)



4- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ عَنْبَسَةَ بْنِ مُصْعَبٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ كَانَتْ لَهُ ثَلاثُ نِسْوَةٍ فَتَزَوَّجَ عَلَيْهِنَّ امْرَأَتَيْنِ فِي عَقْدَةٍ فَدَخَلَ بِوَاحِدَةٍ مِنْهُمَا ثُمَّ مَاتَ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ دَخَلَ بِالْمَرْأَةِ الَّتِي بَدَأَ بِاسْمِهَا وَذَكَرَهَا عِنْدَ عُقْدَةِ النِّكَاحِ فَإِنَّ نِكَاحَهَا جَائِزٌ وَلَهَا الْمِيرَاثُ وَعَلَيْهَا الْعِدَّةُ وَإِنْ كَانَ دَخَلَ بِالْمَرْأَةِ الَّتِي سُمِّيَتْ وَذُكِرَتْ بَعْدَ ذِكْرِ الْمَرْأَةِ الأولَى فَإِنَّ نِكَاحَهَا بَاطِلٌ وَلا مِيرَاثَ لَهَا وَعَلَيْهَا الْعِدَّةُ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from ‘ Anbasah ibn Mus’ab who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who had three wives and he married two more women. He went to bed with one of them, then died. He (the Imam) said, ‘The marriage of the woman whom he first married and mentioned her name at the time of pronouncing the terms, is permissible. She deserves inheritance and she must complete waiting period; but if he had gone to bed with the woman who was named and mentioned after the mention of the first woman, her marriage is invalid, she does not deserve inheritance and mahr (dower), but she must complete the waiting period.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/191)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ تَزَوَّجَ خَمْساً فِي عَقْدَةٍ قَالَ يُخَلِّي سَبِيلَ أَيَّتِهِنَّ شَاءَ وَيُمْسِكُ الأرْبَعَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “About the case of a man who marries five women in one contract, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He can keep any four and allow anyone of them to go.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/191)