72. Working for Hire as Payment for Mahr

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَوْلُ شُعَيْبٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُنْكِحَكَ إِحْدَى ابْنَتَيَّ هاتَيْنِ عَلى‏ أَنْ تَأْجُرَنِي ثَمانِيَ حِجَجٍ فَإِنْ أَتْمَمْتَ عَشْراً فَمِنْ عِنْدِكَ أَيَّ الأجَلَيْنِ قَضَى قَالَ الْوَفَاءُ مِنْهُمَا أَبْعَدُهُمَا عَشْرُ سِنِينَ قُلْتُ فَدَخَلَ بِهَا قَبْلَ أَنْ يَنْقَضِيَ الشَّرْطُ أَوْ بَعْدَ انْقِضَائِهِ قَالَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَنْقَضِيَ قُلْتُ لَهُ فَالرَّجُلُ يَتَزَوَّجُ الْمَرْأَةَ وَيَشْتَرِطُ لأبِيهَا إِجَارَةَ شَهْرَيْنِ يَجُوزُ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَدْ عَلِمَ أَنَّهُ سَيُتِمُّ لَهُ شَرْطَهُ فَكَيْفَ لِهَذَا بِأَنْ يَعْلَمَ أَنَّهُ سَيَبْقَى حَتَّى يَفِيَ لَهُ وَقَدْ كَانَ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَتَزَوَّجُ الْمَرْأَةَ عَلَى السُّورَةِ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ وَعَلَى الدِّرْهَمِ وَعَلَى الْقَبْضَةِ مِنَ الْحِنْطَةِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meaning of the words of Shu‘ayb, ‘(Shu‘ayb) said to (Moses), “I want to give one of my daughters to you in marriage on the condition that you will work for me for eight years, but you may continue for two more years only out of your own accord’” (28:27) and that which one of the terms he completed. He (the Imam) said, ‘Completion was of the longest term which was ten years.’ I then asked, ‘Did he go to bed before completing the term or afterwards?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It was before completing the terms.’ I then asked, ‘If a man marries a woman and stipulates with her father for the wages of two months if it is permissible.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Moses knew that he will complete the terms. How can this man know that he remains alive until the time of paying? At the time of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, people married women for teaching a chapter of al-Quran, for one dirham and for one handful of wheat.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/166)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يَحِلُّ النِّكَاحُ الْيَوْمَ فِي الإسْلامِ بِإِجَارَةٍ أَنْ يَقُولَ أَعْمَلُ عِنْدَكَ كَذَا وَكَذَا سَنَةً عَلَى أَنْ تُزَوِّجَنِي ابْنَتَكَ أَوْ أُخْتَكَ قَالَ حَرَامٌ لأنَّهُ ثَمَنُ رَقَبَتِهَا وَهِيَ أَحَقُّ بِمَهْرِهَا.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Marriage is not lawful in Islam for hiring and saying, ‘I will work for you up to so and so many years and you give to me in marriage your daughter or sister.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is unlawful because it is the price of her neck and in fact she is the rightful person for her mahr (dower).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/167)