59. Two Guardians, Each Gives a Girl to a Different Man in Marriage

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَضَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي امْرَأَةٍ أَنْكَحَهَا أَخُوهَا رَجُلا ثُمَّ أَنْكَحَتْهَا أُمُّهَا بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ رَجُلا وَخَالُهَا أَوْ أَخٌ لَهَا صَغِيرٌ فَدُخِلَ بِهَا فَحَبِلَتْ فَاحْتَكَمَا فِيهَا فَأَقَامَ الأوَّلُ الشُّهُودَ فَأَلْحَقَهَا بِالأوَّلِ وَجَعَلَ لَهَا الصَّدَاقَيْنِ جَمِيعاً وَمَنَعَ زَوْجَهَا الَّذِي حُقَّتْ لَهُ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ بِهَا حَتَّى تَضَعَ حَمْلَهَا ثُمَّ أَلْحَقَ الْوَلَدَ بِأَبِيهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Hamid from Muhammad ibn Qays who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, issued a judgment. It was about the case of a woman whose brother gave her in marriage to one man and her mother gave her in marriage to another man, her maternal uncle or her brother were younger. He went to bed with her and she became pregnant and the two men sought judgment in the case. The first presented witnesses so she was joined with the first man. Two mahr (dowers) were assigned for her altogether; the Imam stopped the husband who won from going to bed with her until the birth of the child and related the child to the father (the winner of the case).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/134)



2- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ وَلِيدٍ بَيَّاعِ الأسْفَاطِ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَأَنَا عِنْدَهُ عَنْ جَارِيَةٍ كَانَ لَهَا أَخَوَانِ زَوَّجَهَا الأكْبَرُ بِالْكُوفَةِ وَزَوَّجَهَا الأصْغَرُ بِأَرْضٍ أُخْرَى قَالَ الأوَّلُ بِهَا أَوْلَى إِلا أَنْ يَكُونَ الآخَرُ قَدْ دَخَلَ بِهَا فَإِنْ دَخَلَ بِهَا فَهِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ وَنِكَاحُهُ جَائِزٌ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from Safwan from ibn Muskan from Walid Bayya’ al-Asfat who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the case of a girl, when I was present, who had several brothers. The elder brother gave her in marriage in al-Kufah and the younger brother gave her in marriage in another land and he (the Imam) said, ‘The first has priority unless the other one has gone to bed with her, and if he has gone to bed she is his wife and his marriage is binding.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/134)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ قَالَ سَأَلَهُ رَجُلٌ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ أَخَوَيْنِ وَالْبِنْتَ وَالابْنَةُ صَغِيرَةٌ فَعَمَدَ أَحَدُ الأخَوَيْنِ الْوَصِيُّ فَزَوَّجَ الابْنَةَ مِنِ ابْنِهِ ثُمَّ مَاتَ أَبُو الابْنِ الْمُزَوَّجِ فَلَمَّا أَنْ مَاتَ قَالَ الآخَرُ أَخِي لَمْ يُزَوِّجْ ابْنَهُ فَزَوَّجَ الْجَارِيَةَ مِنِ ابْنِهِ فَقِيلَ لِلْجَارِيَةِ أَيُّ الزَّوْجَيْنِ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْكِ الأوَّلُ أَوِ الآخَرُ قَالَتِ الآخَرُ ثُمَّ إِنَّ الأخَ الثَّانِيَ مَاتَ وَلِلأخِ الأوَّلِ ابْنٌ أَكْبَرُ مِنَ الابْنِ الْمُزَوَّجِ فَقَالَ لِلْجَارِيَةِ اخْتَارِي أَيُّهُمَا أَحَبُّ إِلَيْكِ الزَّوْجُ الأوَّلُ أَوِ الزَّوْجُ الآخَرُ فَقَالَ الرِّوَايَةُ فِيهَا أَنَّهَا لِلزَّوْجِ الأخِيرِ وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهَا [تَكُونُ] قَدْ كَانَتْ أَدْرَكَتْ حِينَ زَوَّجَهَا وَلَيْسَ لَهَا أَنْ تَنْقُضَ مَا عَقَدَتْهُ بَعْدَ إِدْرَاكِهَا.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il ibn Bazi’ who has said the following: “Once a man asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who dies and leaves behind two brothers and a daughter who is small. One brother becomes the executor of the will and gives the girl in marriage to his son. The father of the boy married to the girl dies and thereafter the other brother says that his brother did not give the girl in marriage to his son so he gives the girl in marriage to his son and the girl is asked, ‘Which one of the (two) husbands is more beloved to you?’ She says, ‘The other one (son of the second brother) is more beloved to me.’ Then the second brother dies and the other brother has left behind another son older than the son who was married to the girl. He asks the girl to choose whichever of the two she likes. He (the narrator) has said that Hadith about this case says that she is for the second husband because she at that time was able to discern when she was given in marriage and it is not lawful for her to disregard the marriage which is formed after her gaining the ability to discern.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/135)