5. Promoting The Quest For Sustenance And Work To Make A Living

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) رَجُلٌ قَالَ لأقْعُدَنَّ فِي بَيْتِي وَلأصَلِّيَنَّ وَلأصُومَنَّ وَلأعْبُدَنَّ رَبِّي فَأَمَّا رِزْقِي فَسَيَأْتِينِي فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) هَذَا أَحَدُ الثَّلاثَةِ الَّذِينَ لا يُسْتَجَابُ لَهُمْ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from ‘Amr ibn Yazid who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that a man says, ‘I stay home, perform Salat (prayer), fast and worship my Lord. My sustenance will come to me. 5 Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, said, ‘This is one of the three (classes of people) whose prayer is not answered.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/22)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَرَأَيْتَ لَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلا دَخَلَ بَيْتَهُ وَأَغْلَقَ بَابَهُ أَكَانَ يَسْقُطُ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Al-Hassan ibn ‘Atiyah from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Do you think the sustenance of a man who stays in his home and closes his door, keeps falling on him from the sky?”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن على الظاه ر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/22)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ أَخِي أُدَيْمٍ بَيَّاعِ الْهَرَوِيِّ قَالَ كُنَّا جُلُوساً عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِذْ أَقْبَلَ الْعَلاءُ بْنُ كَامِلٍ فَجَلَسَ قُدَّامَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ ادْعُ اللهَ أَنْ يَرْزُقَنِي فِي دَعَةٍ فَقَالَ لا أَدْعُو لَكَ اطْلُبْ كَمَا أَمَرَكَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


3. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from Ayyub, brother of ‘Udaym Bayya’ al-Harawiy who has said the following: “Once we were in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when al-‘Ala’ ibn Kamil came in and sat in front of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked, ‘Please pray for me so Allah will make me affluent.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘I will not pray for you. Has Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, not commanded you to seek and find your sustenance?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/22)



4- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي طَالِبٍ الشَّعْرَانِيِّ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ مُعَلَّى بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ سَأَلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ وَأَنَا عِنْدَهُ فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَصَابَتْهُ الْحَاجَةُ قَالَ فَمَا يَصْنَعُ الْيَوْمَ قِيلَ فِي الْبَيْتِ يَعْبُدُ رَبَّهُ قَالَ فَمِنْ أَيْنَ قُوتُهُ قِيلَ مِنْ عِنْدِ بَعْضِ إِخْوَانِهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَاللهِ لَلَّذِي يَقُوتُهُ أَشَدُّ عِبَادَةً مِنْهُ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from abu Talib al-Sha‘raniy from Sulayman ibn Mu’alla’ ibn Khunays from his father who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked about a man, when I was present, and it was said to him, ‘He has become very needy.’ He (the Imam) then asked, ‘What is he doing today?’ It was said, ‘He is in his home worshipping his Lord.’ He (the Imam) then asked, ‘Wherefrom he receives for his living?’ It was said, ’It comes from a certain one of his brothers.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘By Allah, the one who provides him his living does a much more powerful worship than his worship.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/22)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ طَلَبَ [الرِّزْقَ فِي] الدُّنْيَا اسْتِعْفَافاً عَنِ النَّاسِ وَتَوْسِيعاً عَلَى أَهْلِهِ وَتَعَطُّفاً عَلَى جَارِهِ لَقِيَ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَوَجْهُهُ مِثْلُ الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةَ الْبَدْرِ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one who works to earn his sustenance in this world so he would not need to spread his hands before people for help, to better the living conditions of his family and to show kindness to his neighbors will, on the Judgment Day, go before Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, with his face as bright as the full moon.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/23)



6- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدٍ الْكُوفِيِّ رَفَعَهُ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْعِبَادَةُ سَبْعُونَ جُزْءاً أَفْضَلُهَا طَلَبُ الْحَلالِ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ibn Mahbub from abu Khalid al-Kufiy in a marfu’ manner from abu Ja’far who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Worship has seventy parts. The most excellent part in it is working to make lawful living.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/23)



7- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمِنْقَرِيِّ عَنْ هِشَامٍ الصَّيْدَلانِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَا هِشَامُ إِنْ رَأَيْتَ الصَّفَّيْنِ قَدِ الْتَقَيَا فَلا تَدَعْ طَلَبَ الرِّزْقِ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Isma’il ibn Muhammad al-Minqariy from Hisham al- Saydalaniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, £ 0 Hisham, even if you find yourself in the two armies facing each other to fight, you must not neglect working for your sustenance on such day.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/23)



8- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ نَجِيحٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَقْرِءُوا مَنْ لَقِيتُمْ مِنْ أَصْحَابِكُمُ السَّلامَ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ إِنَّ فُلانَ بْنَ فُلانٍ يُقْرِئُكُمُ السَّلامَ وَقُولُوا لَهُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ بِتَقْوَى اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَا يُنَالُ بِهِ مَا عِنْدَ اللهِ إِنِّي وَاللهِ مَا آمُرُكُمْ إِلا بِمَا نَأْمُرُ بِهِ أَنْفُسَنَا فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالْجِدِّ وَالاجْتِهَادِ وَإِذَا صَلَّيْتُمُ الصُّبْحَ وَانْصَرَفْتُمْ فَبَكِّرُوا فِي طَلَبِ الرِّزْقِ وَاطْلُبُوا الْحَلالَ فَإِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ سَيَرْزُقُكُمْ وَيُعِينُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ.


8. Ahmad ibn ‘ Abd Allah Muhammad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘ Abd Allah from Safwan from Khalid ibn Najih who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Say Salam (greeting of peace) to whoever of your people you meet and say to them, “So and so son of so and so (the Imam) says Salam (greeting of peace).” Then say to them, “You must maintain piety before Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious. You must observe such issues through which you can receive whatever of the reward is with Allah. By Allah, I do not command you to do such things that we do not command our own souls to do. You must work hard and strive. After performing your morning Salat (prayer) you must go out early in the morning to work for your sustenance and seek lawful sustenance. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, will grant you sustenance and assists you to find such sustenance.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/23)



9- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ شِهَابِ بْنِ عَبْدِ رَبِّهِ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنْ ظَنَنْتَ أَوْ بَلَغَكَ أَنَّ هَذَا الأمْرَ كَائِنٌ فِي غَدٍ فَلا تَدَعَنَّ طَلَبَ الرِّزْقِ وَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ لا تَكُونَ كَلا فَافْعَلْ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Al-Husayn ibn Ahmad from Shihab ibn ‘Abd Rabbihi who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once said to me, ‘Even if you find enough reason to believe that this task (the rise of al-Qa’im with divine authority) will take place tomorrow, still you must not neglect work for a living. If you cannot complete the work do (what you can)”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/23)



10- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ أَيَعْجِزُ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَكُونَ مِثْلَ النَّمْلَةِ فَإِنَّ النَّمْلَةَ تَجُرُّ إِلَى جُحْرِهَا.


10. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from those whom he has mentioned from Aban from al-‘Ala’ who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Why should anyone among you be weaker than an ant which pulls (food) to its colony?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/24)



11- سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْهَيْثَمِ بْنِ أَبِي مَسْرُوقٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَائِذٍ عَنْ كُلَيْبٍ الصَّيْدَاوِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) ادْعُ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لِي فِي الرِّزْقِ فَقَدِ الْتَاثَتْ عَلَيَّ أُمُورِي فَأَجَابَنِي مُسْرِعاً لا اخْرُجْ فَاطْلُبْ.


11. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Haytham ibn abu Masruq from Muhammad ibn ’Umar ibn Bazi’ from Ahmad ibn ‘A’idh from Kulayb al-Saydawiy who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, to pray for me for sustenance; my affairs are turning to the worse.’ He (the Imam) quickly said, ‘No, you must go out and work to make a living.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/24)