21. To Retaliate and Offset for Debts

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ وَقَعَ لِي عِنْدَهُ مَالٌ فَكَابَرَنِي عَلَيْهِ وَحَلَفَ ثُمَّ وَقَعَ لَهُ عِنْدِي مَالٌ فَ‏آخُذُهُ مَكَانَ مَالِيَ الَّذِي أَخَذَهُ وَأَجْحَدُهُ وَأَحْلِفُ عَلَيْهِ كَمَا صَنَعَ فَقَالَ إِنْ خَانَكَ فَلا تَخُنْهُ وَلا تَدْخُلْ فِيمَا عِبْتَهُ عَلَيْهِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who had a certain amount of my property with him. He played arrogantly with me about it and swore to deny it. Thereafter a certain amount of his property came in my control. Can I take his property in place of my property with him, deny the existence of his property with me and swear just as he did against me? He (the Imam) said, Tf he betrayed, you must not act like him and must not enter into something for which you blamed him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/50)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) الرَّجُلُ يَكُونُ لِي عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ فَيَجْحَدُنِيهِ ثُمَّ يَسْتَوْدِعُنِي مَالا أَلِي أَنْ آخُذَ مَالِي عِنْدَهُ قَالَ لا هَذِهِ خِيَانَةٌ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who owes to me a right but he denies it and then leaves in my trust a certain amount of his property: if I can offset my rights with him from his property with me. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, you cannot do so because it is treachery’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/51)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) رَجُلٌ كَانَ لَهُ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مَالٌ فَجَحَدَهُ إِيَّاهُ وَذَهَبَ بِهِ ثُمَّ صَارَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ لِلرَّجُلِ الَّذِي ذُهِبَ بِمَالِهِ مَالٌ قِبَلَهُ أَيَأْخُذُهُ مِنْهُ مَكَانَ مَالِهِ الَّذِي ذَهَبَ بِهِ مِنْهُ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَلَكِنْ لِهَذَا كَلامٌ يَقُولُ اللهُمَّ إِنِّي آخُذُ هَذَا الْمَالَ مَكَانَ مَالِيَ الَّذِي أَخَذَهُ مِنِّي وَإِنِّي لَمْ آخُذْ مَا أَخَذْتُ مِنْهُ خِيَانَةً وَلا ظُلْماً.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has a certain amount of property with another person who denies the existence of such thing with him and goes away with it. Later a certain amount of the property of this person comes in the control of the first one; Can he offset his property for what has come in his control? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so but he must say the following: “O Lord, I take this property in place of my property which he has taken from me and I do not take it with treacherous intention and injustice.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/51)