12. Challenging the Enemy for a Fight

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1- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْخَشَّابِ عَنِ ابْنِ بَقَّاحٍ عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ جُمَيْعٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنِ الْمُبَارَزَةِ بَيْنَ الصَّفَّيْنِ بَعْدَ إِذْنِ الإمَامِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ وَلَكِنْ لا يُطْلَبُ إِلا بِإِذْنِ الإمَامِ.


1. Hamid ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Khashshab from ibn Baqqah from Mu’adh ibn Thabit from ‘Amr ibn Jumay‘ who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about challenging (to fight the enemy) while standing between the two confronting armies after the permission of the Imam. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is fine but it must not take place without the permission of the Imam.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/363)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ دَعَا رَجُلٌ بَعْضَ بَنِي هَاشِمٍ إِلَى الْبِرَازِ فَأَبَى أَنْ يُبَارِزَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تُبَارِزَهُ قَالَ كَانَ فَارِسَ الْعَرَبِ وَخَشِيتُ أَنْ يَغْلِبَنِي فَقَالَ لَهُ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَإِنَّهُ بَغَى عَلَيْكَ وَلَوْ بَارَزْتَهُ لَغَلَبْتَهُ وَلَوْ بَغَى جَبَلٌ عَلَى جَبَلٍ لَهُدَّ الْبَاغِي وَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ الْحُسَيْنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) دَعَا رَجُلا إِلَى الْمُبَارَزَةِ فَعَلِمَ بِهِ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ لَئِنْ عُدْتَ إِلَى مِثْلِ هَذَا لأعَاقِبَنَّكَ وَلَئِنْ دَعَاكَ أَحَدٌ إِلَى مِثْلِهَا فَلَمْ تُجِبْهُ لأعَاقِبَنَّكَ أَمَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّهُ بَغْيٌ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ja’far ibn Muhammad al-Ash’ariy from ibn al-Qaddah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a man challenged a certain person from banu Hashim to fight. He refused to fight. Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked, ‘What has made you to refuse?’ He replied, ‘He was a strong man of Arab and I feared that he may defeat me.’ Amir al- Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said to him, ‘He has transgressed against you. Were you to fight him, you would have defeated him. If a mountain transgresses against a mountain the transgressor is crushed.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘al-Husayn ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, challenged a man to fight and Amir al-Mu’minin noticed it and said, “If you do such a thing again I will reprimand you. If you are challenged and you refuse to fight I will also reprimand you. Have you not noticed that he has transgressed against you?””’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/363)