90. Use of Shadow in the State of al-’Ihram

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ الْمُثَنَّى الْخَطِيبِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ وَبِشْرِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالَ قَالَ لِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ أَ لا أَسُرُّكَ يَا ابْنَ مُثَنًّى قَالَ قُلْتُ بَلَى وَقُمْتُ إِلَيْهِ قَالَ دَخَلَ هَذَا الْفَاسِقُ آنِفاً فَجَلَسَ قُبَالَةَ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) ثُمَّ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مَا تَقُولُ فِي الْمُحْرِمِ أَ يَسْتَظِلُّ عَلَى الْمَحْمِلِ فَقَالَ لَهُ لا قَالَ فَيَسْتَظِلُّ فِي الْخِبَاءِ فَقَالَ لَهُ نَعَمْ فَأَعَادَ عَلَيْهِ الْقَوْلَ شِبْهَ الْمُسْتَهْزِئِ يَضْحَكُ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا الْحَسَنِ فَمَا فَرْقُ بَيْنِ هَذَا وَهَذَا فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا يُوسُفَ إِنَّ الدِّينَ لَيْسَ بِقِيَاسٍ كَقِيَاسِكُمْ أَنْتُمْ تَلْعَبُونَ بِالدِّينِ إِنَّا صَنَعْنَا كَمَا صَنَعَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَقُلْنَا كَمَا قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَرْكَبُ رَاحِلَتَهُ فَلا يَسْتَظِلُّ عَلَيْهَا وَتُؤْذِيهِ الشَّمْسُ فَيَسْتُرُ جَسَدَهُ بَعْضَهُ بِبَعْضٍ وَرُبَّمَا سَتَرَ وَجْهَهُ بِيَدِهِ وَإِذَا نَزَلَ اسْتَظَلَّ بِالْخِبَاءِ وَفَيْ‏ءِ الْبَيْتِ وَفَيْ‏ءِ الْجِدَارِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ja’far ibn al-Muthanna’ al-Khatib from Muhammad ibn al- Fudayl and Bishr ibn ‘Isma‘il who has said the following: “Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il once said to me, ‘Would you like if I give you happy news, O ibn Muthanna?’ I replied, ‘Yes, please,’ and I stood up before him. He said, ‘This sinful person came to abu al-Hassan ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and he turned to him (the Imam) and asked, “O abu al-Hassan, can a man in the state of Ihram seek shadow in the carriage on the back of camels?” He (the Imam) said, “No, he cannot do so.” He then asked, “Can he seek shadow in the tent?” He (the Imam) said, “Yes, he can do so.” He repeated those words in a scolding manner, laughed and said, “O abu al-Hassan, what is the difference between this and that?” He (the Imam) then said, “O abu Yusuf, religion is not based on analogies like your analogies. You play with religion. We do only what the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, did and we say what the Messenger of Allah said. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, rode his stumper and did not prepare a shadow for himself. The sun rays hurt him and he covered only one part of his body with the other part, like covering his face with his hand, and when he disembarked he sought shadow in the tent, next to the House and walls.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/301)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الظِّلالِ لِلْمُحْرِمِ فَقَالَ اضْحَ لِمَنْ أَحْرَمْتَ لَهُ قُلْتُ إِنِّي مَحْرُورٌ وَإِنَّ الْحَرَّ يَشْتَدُّ عَلَيَّ قَالَ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ الشَّمْسَ تَغْرُبُ بِذُنُوبِ الْمُحْرِمِينَ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘ Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about shadow for a man in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘Remain in the sun for the sake of the One by whose command you assume the state of Ihram.’ I then said, ‘My endurance in the sun is low and heat becomes unbearable to me.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Did you not know that the sun sits along with the sins of the people in the state of Ihram?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/302)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الرَّيَّانِ عَنْ قَاسِمٍ الصَّيْقَلِ قَالَ مَا رَأَيْتُ أَحَداً كَانَ أَشَدَّ تَشْدِيداً فِي الظِّلِّ مِنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَانَ يَأْمُرُ بِقَلْعِ الْقُبَّةِ وَالْحَاجِبَيْنِ إِذَا أَحْرَمَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Rayyan from al-Qasim al-Sayqal who has said the following: “I did not see anyone more strict about shadow in the state of Ihram than abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who would command to remove the dome (tent) and its poles when he assumed the state of Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/302)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ يُضْرَبُ عَلَيْهَا الظِّلالُ وَهِيَ مُحْرِمَةٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ فَالرَّجُلُ يُضْرَبُ عَلَيْهِ الظِّلالُ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِذَا كَانَتْ بِهِ شَقِيقَةٌ وَيَتَصَدَّقُ بِمُدٍّ لِكُلِّ يَوْمٍ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from ibn abu Nasr from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman for whom a shadow is prepared while she is in the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’ I then asked the same about men. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, if he suffers from severe headache, but he must pay one mud (a certain measurement) of food as charity for every day.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/302)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) هَلْ يَجُوزُ لِلْمُحْرِمِ أَنْ يَمْشِيَ تَحْتَ ظِلِّ الْمَحْمِلِ فَكَتَبَ نَعَمْ قَالَ وَسَأَلَهُ رَجُلٌ عَنِ الظِّلالِ لِلْمُحْرِمِ مِنْ أَذَى مَطَرٍ أَوْ شَمْسٍ وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يَفْدِيَ شَاةً وَيَذْبَحَهَا بِمِنًى.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Isma‘il ibn Bazi’ who has said the following: “I wrote to al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked if it is permissible to walk in the shadow of the carriage on camel back. He (the Imam) wrote back, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’ Another man had asked about preparing a shadow for one in the state of Ihram because of rain or sun and I was listening, he (the Imam) commanded him to pay a ransom of one sheep to be slaughtered in Mina.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/303)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَشْيَمَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الظِّلالِ لِلْمُحْرِمِ قَالَ لا يُظَلِّلْ إِلاَّ مِنْ عِلَّةِ مَرَضٍ.


6. Ahmad has narrated from Ali ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Ushaym from Musa ibn ‘Umar from Muhammad ibn Mansur who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man in the state of Ihram and shadows. He (the Imam) said, ’He must not seek shadows unless he is ill.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/304)



7ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى الْكِلابِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ الأَوَّلِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ شِهَابٍ يَشْكُو رَأْسَهُ وَالْبَرْدُ شَدِيدٌ وَيُرِيدُ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ كَمَا زَعَمَ فَلْيُظَلِّلْ وَأَمَّا أَنْتَ فَاضْحَ لِمَنْ أَحْرَمْتَ لَهُ.


7. Ahmad has narrated from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa al-Kilabiy who has said the following: “I once said to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that Ali ibn Shihab has a headache, and cold is severe and he wants to assume the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘If that is the case he can use shadows, but you must stay out of the shadow for the sake of the One for whom you assume the state of Ihram.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/304)



8ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْخَالِقِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) هَلْ يَسْتَتِرُ الْمُحْرِمُ مِنَ الشَّمْسِ فَقَالَ لا إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ شَيْخاً كَبِيراً أَوْ قَالَ ذَا عِلَّةٍ.


8. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Isma‘il ibn ‘Abd al-Khaliq who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if a man in the state of Ihram can cover himself from the sun. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he cannot do so, unless he is an old man or one with illness.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/304)



9ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي مَحْمُودٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِلرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْمُحْرِمُ يُظَلِّلُ عَلَى مَحْمِلِهِ وَيَفْتَدِي إِذَا كَانَتِ الشَّمْسُ وَالْمَطَرُ يُضِرَّانِ بِهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ كَمِ الْفِدَاءُ قَالَ شَاةٌ.


9. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from Ibrahim ibn abu Mahmud who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram: if he can use shadow and pay ransom if the sun and rain are harmful for him. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’ I asked, ‘How much is the ransom?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is one sheep.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/304)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْكَاهِلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِالْقُبَّةِ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ وَالصِّبْيَانِ وَهُمْ مُحْرِمُونَ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Kahiliy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful for women and children to have a dome (umbrella) while they are in the state of Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/305)



11ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنِ الْمُعَلَّى بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا يَسْتَتِرُ الْمُحْرِمُ مِنَ الشَّمْسِ بِثَوْبٍ وَلا بَأْسَ أَنْ يَسْتَتِرَ بَعْضَهُ بِبَعْضٍ.


11. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Yahya al-Halabiy from Mu ‘alia’ ibn Khunays who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A man in the state of Ihram must not cover himself from the sun with a cloth; but it is not harmful to cover one part by the other part of his body.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/305)



12ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ عَمَّتِي مَعِي وَهِيَ زَمِيلَتِي وَالْحَرُّ تَشْتَدُّ عَلَيْهَا إِذَا أَحْرَمَتْ فَتَرَى لِي أَنْ أُظَلِّلَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَيْهَا فَكَتَبَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) ظَلِّلْ عَلَيْهَا وَحْدَهَا.


12. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from baker ibn Salih who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that my aunt who is my travel-mate and the heat is severe for her while she is in the state of Ihram; if I can provide shadow for her and for myself. He (the Imam) wrote, ‘You can provide shadow just for her alone.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/305)



13ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُحْرِمِ أَ يَتَغَطَّى قَالَ أَمَّا مِنَ الْحَرِّ وَالْبَرْدِ فَلا.


13. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man in the state of Ihram if he can cover himself. He (the Imam) said, ‘From heat or cold, however, he cannot cover himself.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/305)



14ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَلِيِّ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ مُحْرِمٍ ظَلَّلَ فِي عُمْرَتِهِ قَالَ يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ دَمٌ قَالَ وَإِنْ خَرَجَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ وَظَلَّلَ وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ أَيْضاً دَمٌ لِعُمْرَتِهِ وَدَمٌ لِحَجَّتِهِ.


14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from those whom he has mentioned from Ali ibn Rashid who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who seeks shadow in his al-‘Umrah. He (the Imam) said, ’Slaughtering (an animal) is necessary.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘If he goes out to Makkah and uses shadow, it is necessary to slaughter an animal; one for al-‘Umrah and one for al- Hajj.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/306)



15ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ قَالَ كُنَّا فِي دِهْلِيزِ يَحْيَى بْنِ خَالِدٍ بِمَكَّةَ وَكَانَ هُنَاكَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَأَبُو يُوسُفَ فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ أَبُو يُوسُفَ وَتَرَبَّعَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا الْحَسَنِ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ الْمُحْرِمُ يُظَلِّلُ قَالَ لا قَالَ فَيَسْتَظِلُّ بِالْجِدَارِ وَالْمَحْمِلِ وَيَدْخُلُ الْبَيْتَ وَالْخِبَاءَ قَالَ نَعَمْ قَالَ فَضَحِكَ أَبُو يُوسُفَ شِبْهَ الْمُسْتَهْزِئِ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَا أَبَا يُوسُفَ إِنَّ الدِّينَ لَيْسَ بِالْقِيَاسِ كَقِيَاسِكَ وَقِيَاسِ أَصْحَابِكَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَمَرَ فِي كِتَابِهِ بِالطَّلاقِ وَأَكَّدَ فِيهِ بِشَاهِدَيْنِ وَلَمْ يَرْضَ بِهِمَا إِلاَّ عَدْلَيْنِ وَأَمَرَ فِي كِتَابِهِ بِالتَّزْوِيجِ وَأَهْمَلَهُ بِلا شُهُودٍ فَأَتَيْتُمْ بِشَاهِدَيْنِ فِيمَا أَبْطَلَ الله وَأَبْطَلْتُمْ شَاهِدَيْنِ فِيمَا أَكَّدَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَأَجَزْتُمْ طَلاقَ الْمَجْنُونِ وَالسَّكْرَانِ حَجَّ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَأَحْرَمَ وَلَمْ يُظَلِّلْ وَدَخَلَ الْبَيْتَ وَالْخِبَاءَ وَاسْتَظَلَّ بِالْمَحْمِلِ وَالْجِدَارِ فَعَلْنَا كَمَا فَعَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَسَكَتَ.


15. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Najran from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl who has said the following: “Once we were in the hall of Yahya ibn Khalid in Makkah. Abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam and abu Yusuf were there. Abu Yusuf stood up to move closer and then sat down square in front of him (the Imam), and said, ‘O abu al-Hassan, I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, can a man in the state of Ihram seek shadow?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, he cannot do so.’ He (abu Yusuf) asked, ‘Can he seek shadow of a wall, carriage, or enter the house or tent?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’ He (abu Yusuf) laughed in a scolding manner. He (the Imam) then said, ‘O abu Yusuf, religion is not based on analogies like your analogies and the analogies of your companions. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has commanded in His book to apply divorce and has insisted to have two witnesses bear testimony to the pronouncement of divorce and has not agreed unless they are just people. He has commanded to get married and has ignored the presence of witnesses but you require witnesses where Allah has made it (presence of witnesses) invalid and you have ignored the need for witnesses where Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, requires. You have also made divorce by an insane and drunk person permissible. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed al-Hajj, assumed the state of Ihram and did not prepare a shadow for himself. He (the Messenger of Allah) entered the house, the tent, used the shadow of the carriage and the wall; and we do as the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, did. He (abu Yusuf) remained quiet.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/306)