81. Chapter of al-Talbiyah (Here I am O Lord, to obey Your command)

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ لِمَ جُعِلَتِ التَّلْبِيَةُ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَوْحَى إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنْ أَذِّنْ فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجالاً وَعَلى‏ كُلِّ ضامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِنْ كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ فَنَادَى فَأُجِيبَ مِنْ كُلِّ وَجْهٍ يُلَبُّونَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about why Talbiyah is required. He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, sent revelation to Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam that said, ‘Call people for al-Hajj. They will come to you on foot and on lean camels from all directions.’ He called and his call was answered from all directions with al-Talbiyah (here I am O Lord, to obey Your command).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/265)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) أَنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ تَلْبِيَةُ الأَخْرَسِ وَتَشَهُّدُهُ وَقِرَاءَتُهُ الْقُرْآنَ فِي الصَّلاةِ تَحْرِيكُ لِسَانِهِ وَإِشَارَتُهُ بِإِصْبَعِهِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated from his father who has said, ‘Talbiyah of a speechless person, his testimony and reading al-Quran in Salat (prayer) is by moving his tongue and making gestures with his finger.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/265)



3ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ التَّلْبِيَةُ لَبَّيْكَ اللهمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ لا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ ذَا الْمَعَارِجِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ دَاعِياً إِلَى دَارِ السَّلامِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ غَفَّارَ الذُّنُوبِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ أَهْلَ التَّلْبِيَةِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ ذَا الْجَلالِ وَالإِكْرَامِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ مَرْهُوباً وَمَرْغُوباً إِلَيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ تُبْدِئُ وَالْمَعَادُ إِلَيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ كَشَّافَ الْكُرَبِ الْعِظَامِ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ عَبْدُكَ وَابْنُ عَبْدَيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ يَا كَرِيمُ لَبَّيْكَ تَقُولُ ذَلِكَ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلاةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ أَوْ نَافِلَةٍ وَحِينَ يَنْهَضُ بِكَ بَعِيرُكَ وَإِذَا عَلَوْتَ شَرَفاً أَوْ هَبَطْتَ وَادِياً أَوْ لَقِيتَ رَاكِباً أَوِ اسْتَيْقَظْتَ مِنْ مَنَامِكَ وَبِالأَسْحَارِ وَأَكْثِرْ مَا اسْتَطَعْتَ مِنْهَا وَاجْهَرْ بِهَا وَإِنْ تَرَكْتَ بَعْضَ التَّلْبِيَةِ فَلا يَضُرُّكَ غَيْرَ أَنَّ تَمَامَهَا أَفْضَلُ وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لا بُدَّ مِنَ التَّلْبِيَاتِ الأَرْبَعِ فِي أَوَّلِ الْكَلامِ وَهِيَ الْفَرِيضَةُ وَهِيَ التَّوْحِيدُ وَبِهَا لَبَّى الْمُرْسَلُونَ وَأَكْثِرْ مِنْ ذِي الْمَعَارِجِ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ يُكْثِرُ مِنْهَا وَأَوَّلُ مَنْ لَبَّى إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَدْعُوكُمْ إِلَى أَنْ تَحُجُّوا بَيْتَهُ فَأَجَابُوهُ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ فَلَمْ يَبْقَ أَحَدٌ أُخِذَ مِيثَاقُهُ بِالْمُوَافَاةِ فِي ظَهْرِ رَجُلٍ وَلا بَطْنِ امْرَأَةٍ إِلاَّ أَجَابَ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan and ibn abu ‘Umayr all from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In Talbiyah say, ‘Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, here I am, O Lord. Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, O You who has no partners, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. All praise belongs to You, all bounties are from You, as well as the Kingdom, You have no partners, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. O Possessor of Highness, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, O the One who calls to the House of peace, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, O for giver of sins, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, O the One who deserves Talbiyah, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, O Possessor of Glory and Grace here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, O the One who is feared and desired and sought. Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command as Your servant son of Your servant, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command. Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, O Gracious, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command.’ Say this after every obligatory Salat (prayer) or optional, when embarking on your camel, climb a higher place or climb down a hill, passing through a valley or pass by one riding or when waking up from sleep during the hours of dawn and say it very often as much as you can. Say it aloud. If you left out some of it, it is not harmful except that all of it is more virtuous.’ “You must take notice that four Talbiyah are obligatory. The ones that are at the beginning of this Hadith are obligatory. They are expressions about oneness of Allah and the Messengers of Allah, have said them and many of the high status ones. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, would say them very often. The first one who said Talbiyah was Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam who said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, calls you to perform al-Hajj of His House.’ No one of those who had a covenant with Him to fulfill their part while in the back of man or womb of woman but that they answered the call with al- Talbiyah (Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/266)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَسَدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَمَّنْ رَأَى أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ قَدْ كَشَفَ عَنْ ظَهْرِهِ حَتَّى أَبْدَاهُ لِلشَّمْسِ هُوَ يَقُولُ لَبَّيْكَ فِي الْمُذْنِبِينَ لَبَّيْكَ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yaqtin from Asad ibn abu al-’A‘la’ from ibn al-Fudayl from the one who had seen abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in the state of Ihram uncovered his back in the sun while saying, ‘Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command, among the sinners, here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/267)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لَمَّا أَحْرَمَ أَتَاهُ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ لَهُ مُرْ أَصْحَابَكَ بِالْعَجِّ وَالثَّجِّ وَالْعَجُّ رَفْعُ الصَّوْتِ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ وَالثَّجُّ نَحْرُ الْبُدْنِ وَقَالَ قَالَ جَابِرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الله مَا بَلَغْنَا الرَّوْحَاءَ حَتَّى بَحَّتْ أَصْوَاتُنَا.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz in a marfu‘ manner who has said the following: “He (the Imam) has said, ‘When the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, assumed the state of Ihram, then Jibril ‘Alayhi al-Salam, came to him. He said, “Instruct your followers to do al-‘Ajj and al-Thajj, meaning raising their voices with Talbiyah and offer camel as sacrificial offering.” Jabir ibn ‘Abd Allah has said that as soon as we arrived at al-Rawha, our voices became harsh.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/267)



6ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تُلَبِّيَ وَأَنْتَ عَلَى غَيْرِ طُهْرٍ وَعَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ.


6. Ali has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful to say Talbiyah without Tahur (cleansing, with wudu’ or Ghusl (bath)) in all conditions.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/268)



7ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمُكَارِي عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ جَهْرٌ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ.


7. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from abu Sa‘id al-Mukariy from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not obligatory for women to say Talbiyah aloud.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/268)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ رِجَالٍ شَتَّى عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ لَبَّى فِي إِحْرَامِهِ سَبْعِينَ مَرَّةً إِيمَاناً وَاحْتِسَاباً أَشْهَدَ الله لَهُ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ مَلَكٍ بِبَرَاءَةٍ مِنَ النَّارِ وَبَرَاءَةٍ مِنَ النِّفَاقِ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from ibn Faddal from many men who have said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has stated this Hadith. ‘Whoever says Talbiyah seventy times out of belief and considering it a good deed Allah makes a million angels to bear witness to his freedom from the fire and hypocrisy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/268)