79. Matters Permissible in the State of al-’ Ihram after Shower, Such as Perfume, Hunting and Others Before Talbiyah (Here I am O Lord, to obey Your command)

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَدَّهِنُ بِدُهْنٍ فِيهِ طِيبٌ وَهُوَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ قَالَ لا تَدَّهِنْ حِينَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُحْرِمَ بِدُهْنٍ فِيهِ مِسْكٌ وَلا عَنْبَرٌ تَبْقَى رَائِحَتُهُ فِي رَأْسِكَ بَعْدَ مَا تُحْرِمُ وَادَّهِنْ بِمَا شِئْتَ مِنَ الدُّهْنِ حِينَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُحْرِمَ قَبْلَ الْغُسْلِ وَبَعْدَهُ فَإِذَا أَحْرَمْتَ فَقَدْ حَرُمَ عَلَيْكَ الدُّهْنُ حَتَّى تَحِلَّ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who uses an oil which is sweet smelling and he wants to assume the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘You must not use sweet smelling oil with musk or ‘amber and its smell may remain on your head after you assume the state of Ihram. You can use oil of whatever kind you like before Ghusl (bath) or thereafter, but when you assume the state of Ihram, it then becomes unlawful for you to use oil until you come out of the state of Ihram.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/253)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا تَدَّهِنْ حِينَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُحْرِمَ بِدُهْنٍ فِيهِ مِسْكٌ وَلا عَنْبَرٌ مِنْ أَجْلِ رَائِحَةٍ تَبْقَى فِي رَأْسِكَ بَعْدَ مَا تُحْرِمُ وَادَّهِنْ بِمَا شِئْتَ مِنَ الدُّهْنِ حِينَ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُحْرِمَ فَإِذَا أَحْرَمْتَ فَقَدْ حَرُمَ عَلَيْكَ الدُّهْنُ حَتَّى تَحِلَّ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must not apply any oil which has musk or ambergris; for its perfume remains in your head after Ihram. You can apply oil when you want to assume the state of Ihram, once you are in the state of Ihram; applying becomes unlawful until you come out of the state of Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/254)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله وَفُضَيْلٍ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الطِّيبِ عِنْدَ الإِحْرَامِ وَالدُّهْنِ فَقَالَ كَانَ عَلِيٌّ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ لا يَزِيدُ عَلَى السَّلِيخَةِ.


3. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah and Fudayl Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about perfumes when assuming the state of Ihram and oil. He (the Imam) said, ‘Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would not use more than Salikhah (cassia - bark).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/254)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يَدَّهِنَ الرَّجُلُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَغْتَسِلَ لِلإِحْرَامِ أَوْ بَعْدَهُ وَكَانَ يَكْرَهُ الدُّهْنَ الْخَاثِرَ الَّذِي يَبْقَى.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Dawud ibn al-Nu’man from abu Ayyub from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful if a man applies oil before or after taking Ghusl (bath) for Ihram.’ He (the Imam) disliked only thick oil that stays.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/254)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ الْمُحْرِمِ يَدَّهِنُ بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ قَالَ نَعَمْ فَادَّهَنَّا عِنْدَهُ بِسَلِيخَةِ بَانٍ وَذَكَرَ أَنَّ أَبَاهُ كَانَ يَدَّهِنُ بَعْدَ مَا يَغْتَسِلُ لِلإِحْرَامِ وَأَنَّهُ يَدَّهِنُ بِالدُّهْنِ مَا لَمْ يَكُنْ غَالِيَةً أَوْ دُهْناً فِيهِ مِسْكٌ أَوْ عَنْبَرٌ.


5. Ahmad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Husayn abu al-‘Ala’ who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram and applies oil after Ghusl (bath). He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is permissible.’ We applied cassia-bark in his presence and he (the Imam) mentioned that his father would apply oil after Ghusl (bath) for Ihram and he would apply oil as long as it was not costly or mixed with musk or ambergris.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/254)



6ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ قَالَ اغْتَسَلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لِلإِحْرَامِ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ مَسْجِدَ الشَّجَرَةِ فَصَلَّى ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَى الْغِلْمَانِ فَقَالَ هَاتُوا مَا عِنْدَكُمْ مِنْ لُحُومِ الصَّيْدِ حَتَّى نَأْكُلَهُ.


6. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from Ali ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once took Ghusl (bath) for Ihram, then entered Masjid al-Shajarah and performed Salat (prayer), then came out to the servants and said, ‘Bring us of the meat from hunting so we can eat.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/255)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ إِذَا تَهَيَّأَ لِلإِحْرَامِ فَلَهُ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ النِّسَاءَ مَا لَمْ يَعْقِدِ التَّلْبِيَةَ أَوْ يُلَبِّ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz who has said the following: “About a man who is about to assume the state of Ihram, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He can involve with women as long as he has not made his intention for Talbiyah or has pronounced it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/255)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ فِي مَسْجِدِ الشَّجَرَةِ وَعَقَدَ الإِحْرَامَ ثُمَّ مَسَّ طِيباً أَوْ صَادَ صَيْداً أَوْ وَاقَعَ أَهْلَهُ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ مَا لَمْ يُلَبِّ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about a man who performs al-Zuhr in Masjid al-Shajarah, assumes the state of Ihram, then touches perfumes, or a prey or involves in sexual relation. He (the Imam) said, ‘There is nothing on him because of such things before his saying Talbiyah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/255)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ دَخَلَ مَسْجِدَ الشَّجَرَةِ فَصَلَّى وَأَحْرَمَ وَخَرَجَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ فَبَدَا لَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُلَبِّيَ أَنْ يَنْقُضَ ذَلِكَ بِمُوَاقَعَةِ النِّسَاءِ أَ لَهُ ذَلِكَ فَكَتَبَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) نَعَمْ أَوْ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa’id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from certain persons of his people who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who enters Masjid al-Shajarah, performs Salat (prayer) and assumes the state of Ihram, and comes out from the Masjid and before saying Talbiyah he realized that he must cancel it all for sexual intercourse; if he can do so. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, wrote the answer, ‘Yes,’ or that he (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/256)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا تَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ تَهَيَّأَ لِلإِحْرَامِ وَفَرَغَ مِنْ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ الصَّلاةِ وَجَمِيعِ الشُّرُوطِ إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يُلَبِّ أَ لَهُ أَنْ يَنْقُضَ ذَلِكَ وَيُوَاقِعَ النِّسَاءَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from Ziyad ibn Marwan who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is ready for Ihram and has completed everything, like Salat (prayer) and all other conditions except Talbiyah; if he can cancel it all for sexual intercourse. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so,”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/256)