77. Obligatory Matters to Commence al-’Ihram

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى الْعَقِيقِ مِنْ قِبَلِ الْعِرَاقِ أَوْ إِلَى الْوَقْتِ مِنْ هَذِهِ الْمَوَاقِيتِ وَأَنْتَ تُرِيدُ الإِحْرَامَ إِنْ شَاءَ الله فَانْتِفْ إِبْطَيْكَ وَقَلِّمْ أَظْفَارَكَ وَاطْلِ عَانَتَكَ وَخُذْ مِنْ شَارِبِكَ وَلا يَضُرُّكَ بِأَيِّ ذَلِكَ بَدَأْتَ ثُمَّ اسْتَكْ وَاغْتَسِلْ وَالْبَسْ ثَوْبَيْكَ وَلْيَكُنْ فَرَاغُكَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ إِنْ شَاءَ الله عِنْدَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عِنْدَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ فَلا يَضُرُّكَ غَيْرَ أَنِّي أُحِبُّ أَنْ يَكُونَ ذَاكَ مَعَ الاخْتِيَارِ عِنْدَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan from ibn abu ‘Umayr all from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you arrive at al-‘Aqiq from the side of Iraq you should clean your underarms, cut your fingers nails, cleanse your pubic hairs with a certain paste and trim your mustache. It is not harmful whichever you do first. In addition, you should do so at any of designated Mawaqit (places for assuming the state of Ihram) when you are about to assume the state of Ihram by the will of Allah. Thereafter brush your teeth and put on your two pieces of cloths. You should complete it by the will of Allah near Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime). If it is not at this time it is not harmful; however, I like it to be at that time if there is not any emergency.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/247)



2ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ السُّنَّةُ فِي الإِحْرَامِ تَقْلِيمُ الأَظْفَارِ وَأَخْذُ الشَّارِبِ وَحَلْقُ الْعَانَةِ.


2. Ali has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Of the Sunnah in Ihram is to trim finger nails, mustache and pubic hairs.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/248)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلَ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ فَقَالَ إِذَا طَلَيْتُ لِلإِحْرَامِ الأَوَّلِ كَيْفَ أَصْنَعُ فِي الطَّلْيَةِ الأَخِيرَةِ وَكَمْ بَيْنَهُمَا قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ بَيْنَهُمَا جُمْعَتَانِ خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ يَوْماً فَاطَّلِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu Basir once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when I was present, ‘How much time is required between two applications (of hair removers)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Two Fridays, after fifteen days you can apply again.’”




4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمُكَارِي عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تَطَّلِيَ قَبْلَ الإِحْرَامِ بِخَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ يَوْماً.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad from Safwan from abu Sa‘id al-Mukariy from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful to apply (hair remover) fifteen days before Ihram.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/249)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ قَالَ كَتَبَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ أَحْرَمَ بِغَيْرِ غُسْلٍ أَوْ بِغَيْرِ صَلاةٍ عَالِمٌ أَوْ جَاهِلٌ مَا عَلَيْهِ فِي ذَلِكَ وَكَيْفَ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَصْنَعَ فَكَتَبَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يُعِيدُ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Mahziyar who has said the following: “Once al-Hassan ibn Sa‘id wrote to abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who assumes the state of Ihram without Ghusl (bath) or without Salat (prayer) knowingly, or is ignorant, and what he owes and what should he do? He (the Imam) wrote in answer, ‘He must assume the state of Ihram again.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/249)



6ـ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنِ ابْنِ جُمْهُورٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ قَالَ كُنَّا بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَلاحَانِي زُرَارَةُ فِي نَتْفِ الإِبْطِ وَحَلْقِهِ فَقُلْتُ حَلْقُهُ أَفْضَلُ وَقَالَ زُرَارَةُ نَتْفُهُ أَفْضَلُ فَاسْتَأْذَنَّا عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَأَذِنَ لَنَا وَهُوَ فِي الْحَمَّامِ يَطَّلِي وَقَدِ اطَّلَى إِبْطَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ لِزُرَارَةَ يَكْفِيكَ قَالَ لا لَعَلَّهُ فَعَلَ هَذَا لِمَا لا يَجُوزُ لِي أَنْ أَفْعَلَهُ فَقَالَ فِيمَا أَنْتُمَا فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ زُرَارَةَ لاحَانِي فِي نَتْفِ الإِبْطِ وَحَلْقِهِ قُلْتُ حَلْقُهُ أَفْضَلُ وَقَالَ زُرَارَةُ نَتْفُهُ أَفْضَلُ فَقَالَ أَصَبْتَ السُّنَّةَ وَأَخْطَأَهَا زُرَارَةُ حَلْقُهُ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ نَتْفِهِ وَطَلْيُهُ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ حَلْقِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَنَا اطَّلِيَا فَقُلْنَا فَعَلْنَا مُنْذُ ثَلاثٍ فَقَالَ أَعِيدَا فَإِنَّ الاطِّلاءَ طَهُورٌ.


6. Certain persons of our people have narrated from ibn Jumhur from Muhammad ibn al-Qasim ibn from ‘Abd Allah ibn abu Ya’fur who has said the following: “Once we were in al-Madinah. Zurarah insisted about plucking out or shaving the hairs of underarms. I said shaving is better and he said, plucking out is better. We asked permission to see abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. Permission was granted and he was in the shower applying the paste (to remove hairs). He (the Imam) had applied it to his underarms. I said to Zurarah that it is sufficient. He said, ‘Perhaps he (the Imam) did what was not permissible for me to do.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘What is the issue between you two people?’ I replied, ‘Zurarah insists about plucking out or shaving.’ I said to him that shaving is better and Zurarah says that plucking out is better. He (the Imam) said, ‘You have found the Sunnah and Zurarah has missed it. Shaving is better than plucking it out, and using paste is better than shaving.’ He (the Imam) then said apply paste. We said, ‘It is three days that we have applied it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Apply again; applying paste is cleansing.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/249)