76. The Case of One Who Passes the Designated Place for al-’Ihram or Enters Makkah Without al-’Ihram

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبِي يَخْرُجُ إِلَى مِيقَاتِ أَهْلِ أَرْضِهِ فَإِنْ خَشِيَ أَنْ يَفُوتَهُ الْحَجُّ أَحْرَمَ مِنْ مَكَانِهِ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَاعَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ مِنْ الْحَرَمِ فَلْيَخْرُجْ ثُمَّ لْيُحْرِمْ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who forgets to assume the state of Ihram until he enters al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘My father has said that he must go out to Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) of the people of his land. If he is afraid of missing the season of al-Hajj, he then must assume the state of Ihram from where he is. If he can go out of al- Haram (the sacred area), he must do so to assume the state of Ihram.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/242)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّ بَعْضَ مَوَالِيكَ بِالْبَصْرَةِ يُحْرِمُونَ بِبَطْنِ الْعَقِيقِ وَلَيْسَ بِذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ مَاءٌ وَلا مَنْزِلٌ وَعَلَيْهِمْ فِي ذَلِكَ مَئُونَةٌ شَدِيدَةٌ وَيُعْجِلُهُمْ أَصْحَابُهُمْ وَجَمَّالُهُمْ وَمِنْ وَرَاءِ بَطْنِ الْعَقِيقِ بِخَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ مِيلاً مَنْزِلٌ فِيهِ مَاءٌ وَهُوَ مَنْزِلُهُمُ الَّذِي يَنْزِلُونَ فِيهِ فَتَرَى أَنْ يُحْرِمُوا مِنْ مَوْضِعِ الْمَاءِ لِرِفْقِهِ بِهِمْ وَخِفَّتِهِ عَلَيْهِمْ فَكَتَبَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَقَّتَ الْمَوَاقِيتَ لأَهْلِهَا وَلِمَنْ أَتَى عَلَيْهَا مِنْ غَيْرِ أَهْلِهَا وَفِيهَا رُخْصَةٌ لِمَنْ كَانَتْ بِهِ عِلَّةٌ فَلا يُجَاوِزِ الْمِيقَاتَ إِلاَّ مِنْ عِلَّةٍ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Safwan ibn Yahya who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu al-Hassan al-Rida’ ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Certain people of your followers from Basrah assume the state of Ihram at Batn al-‘Aqiq. There is no water at that place or station. It makes things very difficult for them, their companions rush them as well as camel men. Fifteen miles after that place is a station, which has water where they disembark. If you consider it proper, instruct them to assume the state of Ihram at this place, which makes things easier for them. He (the Imam) wrote, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, designated Mawaqit (places for assuming the state of Ihram) for their people as well as those who pass through them. However, there is permission for people who have difficulty and illness. It is not permissible to pass Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) without acceptable reason (excuse).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/243)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنِّي خَرَجْتُ بِأَهْلِي مَاشِياً فَلَمْ أُهِلَّ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُ الْجُحْفَةَ وَقَدْ كُنْتُ شَاكِياً فَجَعَلَ أَهْلُ الْمَدِينَةِ يَسْأَلُونَ عَنِّي فَيَقُولُونَ لَقِينَاهُ وَعَلَيْهِ ثِيَابُهُ وَهُمْ لا يَعْلَمُونَ وَقَدْ رَخَّصَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لِمَنْ كَانَ مَرِيضاً أَوْ ضَعِيفاً أَنْ يُحْرِمَ مِنَ الْجُحْفَةِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from abu Bakr al- Hadramiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘I once went out (for al-Hajj) with my family walking and did not assume the state of Ihram until al-Juhfah. I had complaints (due to difficulties). People of al-Madinah kept questioning me saying, ‘We met him with his (regular) clothes on him.’ They know that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has given permission to those who suffer from an illness or are weak to assume the state of Ihram at al-Juhfah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/243)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَعْرِضُ لَهُ الْمَرَضُ الشَّدِيدُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ مَكَّةَ قَالَ لا يَدْخُلْهَا إِلاَّ بِإِحْرَامٍ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Rifa‘ah ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who becomes severely ill before entering Makkah. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must not enter Makkah without Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/244)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أُنَاسٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا حَجُّوا بِامْرَأَةٍ مَعَهُمْ فَقَدِمُوا إِلَى الْوَقْتِ وَهِيَ لا تُصَلِّي فَجَهِلُوا أَنَّ مِثْلَهَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يُحْرِمَ فَمَضَوْا بِهَا كَمَا هِيَ حَتَّى قَدِمُوا مَكَّةَ وَهِيَ طَامِثٌ حَلالٌ فَسَأَلُوا النَّاسَ فَقَالُوا تَخْرُجُ إِلَى بَعْضِ الْمَوَاقِيتِ فَتُحْرِمُ مِنْهُ وَكَانَتْ إِذَا فَعَلَتْ لَمْ تُدْرِكِ الْحَجَّ فَسَأَلُوا أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ تُحْرِمُ مِنْ مَكَانِهَا قَدْ عَلِمَ الله نِيَّتَهَا.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah from certain persons of our people who performed al-Hajj with a woman with them. They arrived at Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) and she did not perform Salat (prayer). They did not know that one like her must assume the state of Ihram; so they continued on their journey with her in the same condition, until they arrived in Makkah and she experienced Hayd (menses) and without Ihram. They asked people about it and they said that she must go to any one of Miqat to assume the state of Ihram; but in so doing she could not be in time for al-Hajj. They asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and he (the Imam) said, ‘She must assume the state of Ihram from where she is, Allah had full knowledge of her intention.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/244)



6ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَرَّ عَلَى الْوَقْتِ الَّذِي يُحْرِمُ النَّاسُ مِنْهُ فَنَسِيَ أَوْ جَهِلَ فَلَمْ يُحْرِمْ حَتَّى أَتَى مَكَّةَ فَخَافَ إِنْ رَجَعَ إِلَى الْوَقْتِ أَنْ يَفُوتَهُ الْحَجُّ فَقَالَ يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ وَيُحْرِمُ وَيُجْزِئُهُ ذَلِكَ.


6. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who passed through Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram). He forgot or was ignorant; so he did not assume the state of Ihram until he entered Makkah, then he was afraid of not being able to come back in time for al-Hajj . He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go outside al-Haram (the sacred area) to assume the state of Ihram and it is sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/244)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ جَهِلَ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ كَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ قَالَ يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ ثُمَّ يُهِلُّ بِالْحَجِّ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is ignorant of Ihram until he enters al-Haram (the sacred area) and about what he should do. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go out of al- Haram (the sacred area), then say Talbiyah for al-Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/245)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ نَسِيَ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ أَوْ جَهِلَ وَقَدْ شَهِدَ الْمَنَاسِكَ كُلَّهَا وَطَافَ وَسَعَى قَالَ تُجْزِئُهُ نِيَّتُهُ إِذَا كَانَ قَدْ نَوَى ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ تَمَّ حَجُّهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُهِلَّ وَقَالَ فِي مَرِيضٍ أُغْمِيَ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى أَتَى الْوَقْتَ فَقَالَ يُحْرِمُ مِنْهُ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “If one forgets to assume the state of Ihram or is ignorant, attends all places for performing the acts of al-Hajj such as Tawaf, Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah and so on, one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘His intention is sufficient. If he had such intention, his Hajj is complete even though he did not say Talbiyah.’ About the case of a man who fainted due to illness until Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram), he (the Imam) said, ‘He must assume the state of Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/245)



9ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الإِحْرَامِ مِنْ غَمْرَةَ قَالَ لَيْسَ بِهِ بَأْسٌ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ مِنْهَا وَكَانَ بَرِيدُ الْعَقِيقِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيَّ.


9. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about assuming the state of Ihram from Ghamrah. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful, but Barid al-‘Aqiq is more desirable to me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/246)



10ـ صَفْوَانُ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ كَانَتْ مَعَ قَوْمٍ فَطَمِثَتْ فَأَرْسَلَتْ إِلَيْهِمْ فَسَأَلَتْهُمْ فَقَالُوا مَا نَدْرِي أَ عَلَيْكِ إِحْرَامٌ أَمْ لا وَأَنْتِ حَائِضٌ فَتَرَكُوهَا حَتَّى دَخَلَتِ الْحَرَمَ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ عَلَيْهَا مُهْلَةٌ فَلْتَرْجِعْ إِلَى الْوَقْتِ فَلْتُحْرِمْ مِنْهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْهَا وَقْتٌ فَلْتَرْجِعْ إِلَى مَا قَدَرَتْ عَلَيْهِ بَعْدَ مَا تَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ بِقَدْرِ مَا لا يَفُوتُهَا.


10. Safwan has narrated from Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who, with a people, experienced Hayd (menses), and asked them about it; but they did not know if she was required to assume the state of Ihram or not, so they left her in her condition until she entered al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘If she has enough time, she must go to Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) to assume the state of Ihram. If she does not have enough time, she must return back as much as she can after leaving al-Haram (the sacred area) so that she does not miss the rest of the acts of her al-Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/246)



11ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ وَرْدَانَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الأَوَّلِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ كَانَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ عَلَى مَسِيرَةِ عَشَرَةِ أَمْيَالٍ لَمْ يَدْخُلْهَا إِلاَّ بِإِحْرَامٍ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from Ahmad ibn ‘Amr ibn Sa‘id from Wardan who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever lives at a distance of ten miles from Makkah must not enter Makkah without Hiram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/247)



12ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ سَوْرَةَ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) خَرَجَتْ مَعَنَا امْرَأَةٌ مِنْ أَهْلِنَا فَجَهِلَتِ الإِحْرَامَ فَلَمْ تُحْرِمْ حَتَّى دَخَلْنَا مَكَّةَ وَنَسِينَا أَنْ نَأْمُرَهَا بِذَلِكَ قَالَ فَمُرُوهَا فَلْتُحْرِمْ مِنْ مَكَانِهَا مِنْ مَكَّةَ أَوْ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ.


12. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from Sawrah ibn Kulayb who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman of our family who was with us and was ignorant of Ihram, so she did not assume the state of Ihram until we entered Makkah and we forgot to tell her about it. He (the Imam) said, ‘You can instruct her to assume the state of Ihram from wherever she is in Makkah or Masjid.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/247)