72. The Case of One Who Performs al-Hajj on Behalf of His Relatives, Partially or Altogether

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ أُشْرِكُ أَبَوَيَّ فِي حَجَّتِي قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ أُشْرِكُ إِخْوَتِي فِي حَجَّتِي قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ جَاعِلٌ لَكَ حَجّاً وَلَهُمْ حَجّاً وَلَكَ أَجْرٌ لِصِلَتِكَ إِيَّاهُمْ قُلْتُ فَأَطُوفُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ وَالْمَرْأَةِ وَهُمْ بِالْكُوفَةِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ تَقُولُ حِينَ تَفْتَتِحُ الطَّوَافَ اللهمَّ تَقَبَّلْ مِنْ فُلانٍ الَّذِي تَطُوفُ عَنْهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’Can I perform al-Hajj and consider my father as my partner in it?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes, you can do so.’ I then asked, ‘Can I perform al-Hajj and consider my brothers as my partner in it?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Yes, you can do so; Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, will make one al-Hajj for you and one al-Hajj for them, besides the reward for you because of maintaining good relations with them.’ I then asked, ‘Can I perform al-Hajj and consider a man or woman in al-Kufah as my partner in it?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘You can do so. At the beginning of such Tawaf say, “O Allah, accept it from so and so,” mention the person on whose behalf it is.”’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/230)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ إِلْيَاسَ قَالَ حَجَجْتُ مَعَ أَبِي وَأَنَا صَرُورَةٌ فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي أُحِبُّ أَنْ أَجْعَلَ حَجَّتِي عَنْ أُمِّي فَإِنَّهَا قَدْ مَاتَتْ قَالَ فَقَالَ لِي حَتَّى أَسْأَلَ لَكَ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ إِلْيَاسُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ ابْنِي هَذَا صَرُورَةٌ وَقَدْ مَاتَتْ أُمُّهُ فَأَحَبَّ أَنْ يَجْعَلَ حَجَّتَهُ لَهَا أَ فَيَجُوزُ ذَلِكَ لَهُ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يُكْتَبُ لَهُ وَلَهَا وَيُكْتَبُ لَهُ أَجْرُ الْبِرِّ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from certain persons of our people from ‘Amr ibn ’Ilyas who has said the following: “I performed al-Hajj with my father and I was al-Sarura (one who performs al-Hajj for the first time). I said that I like to perform al-Hajj for my mother who was dead. He said allow me to ask abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about it. ’Ilyas then spoke about it with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when I was listening. ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, my son, this one, is al- Sarura (one who performs al-Hajj for the first time). His mother has died and he likes to perform al- Hajj for her, if it is permissible. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘It will be written for him and for her and for him a reward for kindness will also be recorded.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/230)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَارِثُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ فَقَالَ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَأُمِّي لِيَ ابْنَةٌ قَيِّمَةٌ لِي عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَهِيَ عَاتِقٌ أَ فَأَجْعَلُ لَهَا حَجَّتِي قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ يَكُونُ لَهَا أَجْرُهَا وَيَكُونُ لَكَ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ وَلا يُنْقَصُ مِنْ أَجْرِهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn abu Nasr from Safwan al-Jammal who has said the following: “I once went to visit abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when al-Harith ibn al-Mughirah also came and said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause. I have a daughter who looks after every one of my things and she is the first one. Can I assign my al-Hajj for her? He (the Imam) said, ‘The reward for al-Hajj will be for her and you will have a similar reward without any reduction in her reward.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/231)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَحُجُّ فَيَجْعَلُ حَجَّتَهُ وَعُمْرَتَهُ أَوْ بَعْضَ طَوَافِهِ لِبَعْضِ أَهْلِهِ وَهُوَ عَنْهُ غَائِبٌ بِبَلَدٍ آخَرَ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَيَنْقُصُ ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَجْرِهِ قَالَ لا هِيَ لَهُ وَلِصَاحِبِهِ وَلَهُ أَجْرٌ سِوَى ذَلِكَ بِمَا وَصَلَ قُلْتُ وَهُوَ مَيِّتٌ هَلْ يَدْخُلُ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ حَتَّى يَكُونُ مَسْخُوطاً عَلَيْهِ فَيُغْفَرُ لَهُ أَوْ يَكُونُ مُضَيَّقاً عَلَيْهِ فَيُوَسَّعُ عَلَيْهِ قُلْتُ فَيَعْلَمُ هُوَ فِي مَكَانِهِ أَنَّ عَمَلَ ذَلِكَ لَحِقَهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ كَانَ نَاصِباً يَنْفَعُهُ ذَلِكَ قَالَ نَعَمْ يُخَفَّفُ عَنْهُ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who assigns his al-Hajj or al-‘Umrah or part of his Tawaf for his family who is absent in some other land; if it reduces from his reward. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it is for him and his companion, and he will have additional rewards because of maintaining good relation.’ I then asked, ‘If that party is dead will it reach him?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, even if that party is subject to anger, he will be forgiven or if he is under pressure, he will be relieved.’ I then asked, ‘Will he notice that such a deed has approached him?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he will notice.’ I then asked, ‘Even if he is hostile to ’A’immah, will it benefit him?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it will provide him relief.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/231)



5ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَأَنَا بِالْمَدِينَةِ بَعْدَ مَا رَجَعْتُ مِنْ مَكَّةَ إِنِّي أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَحُجَّ عَنِ ابْنَتِي قَالَ فَاجْعَلْ ذَلِكَ لَهَا الآنَ.


5. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from al- Harith ibn al-Mughirah who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in al-Madinah after my return from Makkah that I wanted to assign my al-Hajj for my daughter. He (the Imam) said, ‘Assign it for her now.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/231)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يُشْرِكُ أَبَاهُ وَأَخَاهُ وَقَرَابَتَهُ فِي حَجِّهِ فَقَالَ إِذاً يُكْتَبَ لَكَ حَجٌّ مِثْلُ حَجِّهِمْ وَتُزْدَادَ أَجْراً بِمَا وَصَلْتَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about assigning a share of one’s al-Hajj for his father, brother or relatives. He (the Imam) said, ‘Obviously, al-Hajj will be written for you like their al-Hajj, in addition to the reward for your maintaining good relation, with relatives.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/232)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَنْ وَصَلَ أَبَاهُ أَوْ ذَا قَرَابَةٍ لَهُ فَطَافَ عَنْهُ كَانَ لَهُ أَجْرُهُ كَامِلاً وَلِلَّذِي طَافَ عَنْهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِهِ وَيُفَضَّلُ هُوَ بِصِلَتِهِ إِيَّاهُ بِطَوَافٍ آخَرَ وَقَالَ مَنْ حَجَّ فَجَعَلَ حَجَّتَهُ عَنْ ذِي قَرَابَتِهِ يَصِلُهُ بِهَا كَانَتْ حَجَّتُهُ كَامِلَةً وَكَانَ لِلَّذِي حَجَّ عَنْهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِهِ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَاسِعٌ لِذَلِكَ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from ibn abu Nasr, from Ali ibn abu Hamzah, from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘For keeping good relations if one joins his father or relatives in the reward of performing Tawaf, he receives his reward completely; and one, for whom Tawaf is made, receives his reward, and for keeping good relations, there is additional reward like one more Tawaf.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If one performs al-Hajj and assigns the reward for it to a relative, he will have the reward for a complete al-Hajj and a similar reward is for one on whose behalf al-Hajj is performed. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, is the one who expands such a reward.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/232)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأَشْعَثِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ رَجَعْتُ مِنْ مَكَّةَ فَلَقِيتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ فِيمَا بَيْنَ الْقَبْرِ وَالْمِنْبَرِ فَقُلْتُ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ الله إِنِّي إِذَا خَرَجْتُ إِلَى مَكَّةَ رُبَّمَا قَالَ لِيَ الرَّجُلُ طُفْ عَنِّي أُسْبُوعاً وَصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَأَشْتَغِلُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَإِذَا رَجَعْتُ لَمْ أَدْرِ مَا أَقُولُ لَهُ قَالَ إِذَا أَتَيْتَ مَكَّةَ فَقَضَيْتَ نُسُكَكَ فَطُفْ أُسْبُوعاً وَصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قُلِ اللهمَّ إِنَّ هَذَا الطَّوَافَ وَهَاتَيْنِ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ عَنْ أَبِي وَأُمِّي وَعَنْ زَوْجَتِي وَعَنْ وُلْدِي وَعَنْ حَامَّتِي وَعَنْ جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ بَلَدِي حُرِّهِمْ وَعَبْدِهِمْ وَأَبْيَضِهِمْ وَأَسْوَدِهِمْ فَلا تَشَاءُ أَنْ قُلْتَ لِلرَّجُلِ إِنِّي قَدْ طُفْتُ عَنْكَ وَصَلَّيْتُ عَنْكَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ إِلاَّ كُنْتَ صَادِقاً فَإِذَا أَتَيْتَ قَبْرَ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَضَيْتَ مَا يَجِبُ عَلَيْكَ فَصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قِفْ عِنْدَ رَأْسِ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) ثُمَّ قُلْ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَبِيَّ الله مِنْ أَبِي وَأُمِّي وَزَوْجَتِي وَوُلْدِي وَجَمِيعِ حَامَّتِي وَمِنْ جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ بَلَدِي حُرِّهِمْ وَعَبْدِهِمْ وَأَبْيَضِهِمْ وَأَسْوَدِهِمْ فَلا تَشَاءُ أَنْ تَقُولَ لِلرَّجُلِ إِنِّي أَقْرَأْتُ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَنْكَ السَّلامَ إِلاَّ كُنْتَ صَادِقاً.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from certain persons of our people from Ali ibn Muhammad al- Ash‘ath from Ibrahim al-Hadramiy from his father who has said the following: “I once returned from Makkah and met abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in the Masjid sitting between the pulpit and the grave. I said, ‘O child of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, when I go out to Makkah, perhaps a man asks me to perform a Tawaf and two Rak‘at Salat (prayer) for him, but I become busy and cannot do so. When I return I do not know what to say to him. He (the Imam) said, ‘When you go to Makkah and complete the acts, perform a Tawaf and two Rak‘at Salat (prayer). Then say, ‘O Lord, this Tawaf and these two Rak‘at are for my father, mother, wife, children, my protectors, and for all of the people of my city, the free and slaves, white and black.’ Thereafter if you say to a man that you have performed Tawaf and two Rak‘at Salat (prayer) for him, you will be truthful. When you come to the grave of the Holy prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to your cause, after completing what is obligatory upon you, perform two Rak‘at Salat (prayer). Then stand near the head of the Holy prophet, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and say, ‘I offer you greeting of peace, O the Holy prophet of Allah. I do this for my father, mother, wife, children, all of my protectors, all people of my city, the free ones, the slaves, the white and black ones.’ Thereafter if you say to a man that you have offered greeting of peace to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, for him, you have remained truthful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/232)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَمْ أُشْرِكُ فِي حَجَّتِي قَالَ كَمْ شِئْتَ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, as to with how many people I can share my al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘You can share with whatever number of people you want.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/233)



10ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِي عِمْرَانَ الأَرْمَنِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لَوْ أَشْرَكْتَ أَلْفاً فِي حَجَّتِكَ لَكَانَ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ حَجَّةٌ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ تَنْقُصَ حَجَّتُكَ شَيْئاً.


10. Ahmad ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from abu ‘Imran al-Armaniy from Ali ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’Even if you share your al-Hajj with a thousand people, still there will be one al-Hajj for every one without any reduction in your al-Hajj.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/233)