71. Performing al-Hajj on Behalf of ’A’immah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ الْبَجَلِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَا سَيِّدِي إِنِّي أَرْجُو أَنْ أَصُومَ فِي الْمَدِينَةِ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ فَقَالَ تَصُومُ بِهَا إِنْ شَاءَ الله قُلْتُ وَأَرْجُو أَنْ يَكُونَ خُرُوجُنَا فِي عَشْرٍ مِنْ شَوَّالٍ وَقَدْ عَوَّدَ الله زِيَارَةَ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَزِيَارَتَكَ فَرُبَّمَا حَجَجْتُ عَنْ أَبِيكَ وَرُبَّمَا حَجَجْتُ عَنْ أَبِي وَرُبَّمَا حَجَجْتُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ مِنْ إِخْوَانِي وَرُبَّمَا حَجَجْتُ عَنْ نَفْسِي فَكَيْفَ أَصْنَعُ فَقَالَ تَمَتَّعْ فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي مُقِيمٌ بِمَكَّةَ مُنْذُ عَشْرِ سِنِينَ فَقَالَ تَمَتَّعْ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Musa ibn al-Qasim al-Bajaliy who has said the following: “I once said to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘My master, I hope to fast during the month of Ramadan in al-Madinah.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You will do so by the will of Allah.’ I then said, ‘I hope to leave by the tenth of the month of Shawwal after visiting the Messenger of Allah, his family and yourself, may Allah grant me such opportunity again. I sometimes perform al-Hajj on behalf of your father or on behalf of my father, or on behalf of a man from our brothers (in belief) or perform al-Hajj for myself. How should I perform such al-Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You should perform al-Hajj in al- Tamattu‘ manner.’ I then said, ‘I am a resident of Makkah for the past twenty years.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You should perform al-Hajj in al-Tamattu‘ manner.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/229)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْكُوفِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الثَّانِي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَدْ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَطُوفَ عَنْكَ وَعَنْ أَبِيكَ فَقِيلَ لِي إِنَّ الأَوْصِيَاءَ لا يُطَافُ عَنْهُمْ فَقَالَ لِي بَلْ طُفْ مَا أَمْكَنَكَ فَإِنَّهُ جَائِزٌ ثُمَّ قُلْتُ لَهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ بِثَلاثِ سِنِينَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ اسْتَأْذَنْتُكَ فِي الطَّوَافِ عَنْكَ وَعَنْ أَبِيكَ فَأَذِنْتَ لِي فِي ذَلِكَ فَطُفْتُ عَنْكُمَا مَا شَاءَ الله ثُمَّ وَقَعَ فِي قَلْبِي شَيْ‏ءٌ فَعَمِلْتُ بِهِ قَالَ وَمَا هُوَ قُلْتُ طُفْتُ يَوْماً عَنْ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ ثَلاثَ مَرَّاتٍ صَلَّى الله عَلَى رَسُولِ الله ثُمَّ الْيَوْمَ الثَّانِيَ عَنْ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ثُمَّ طُفْتُ الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَالرَّابِعَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَالْخَامِسَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) وَالسَّادِسَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) وَالْيَوْمَ السَّابِعَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) وَالْيَوْمَ الثَّامِنَ عَنْ أَبِيكَ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَالْيَوْمَ التَّاسِعَ عَنْ أَبِيكَ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَالْيَوْمَ الْعَاشِرَ عَنْكَ يَا سَيِّدِي وَهَؤُلاءِ الَّذِينَ أَدِينُ الله بِوَلايَتِهِمْ فَقَالَ إِذَنْ وَالله تَدِينَ الله بِالدِّينِ الَّذِي لا يَقْبَلُ مِنَ الْعِبَادِ غَيْرَهُ قُلْتُ وَرُبَّمَا طُفْتُ عَنْ أُمِّكَ فَاطِمَةَ (عَلَيْها السَّلاَم) وَرُبَّمَا لَمْ أَطُفْ فَقَالَ اسْتَكْثِرْ مِنْ هَذَا فَإِنَّهُ أَفْضَلُ مَا أَنْتَ عَامِلُهُ إِنْ شَاءَ الله.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from al-Hassan al-Kufiy from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Musa al-Qasim who has said the following: “I once said to abu Ja‘far, the second ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I want to perform Tawaf on your behalf and on behalf of your father.’ It was said to me, ‘Tawaf is not performed on behalf of the executors of the will (of the Messenger of Allah).’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Perform Tawaf as much as you can; it is permissible.’ I then after three years said, to him, ‘I had sought permission from you to perform Tawaf on your behalf and on behalf of your father and you had granted permission. I then performed Tawaf on behalf of both of you as much as Allah willed. I then said, ‘Then something came to my mind and I then did something accordingly.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘What did you do?’ I then replied, ‘I one day performed Tawaf on behalf of the Messenger of Allah; he (the Imam) said three times, “O Allah, grant salawat (favors and compensation to Muhammad worthy of his services to your cause).” I then on the second day performed Tawaf on behalf of ’Amir al-Mu’minin. On the third day, I performed Tawaf on behalf of al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. On the fourth day, I performed Tawaf on behalf of al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. On the fifth day, I performed Tawaf on behalf of Ali ibn al- Husayn. On the sixth day, I performed Tawaf on behalf of abu Ja’far; on the seventh day, I performed Tawaf on behalf of Ja’far ibn Muhammad. On the eighth day, I performed Tawaf on behalf of your grandfather, Musa ibn Ja’far. On the ninth day, I performed Tawaf on behalf of your father. On the tenth day, I performed Tawaf on your behalf, O my master. These are those whose divine authority is part of my religion in obedience to Allah.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The religion you have followed in obedience to Allah is the one beside which no other religion is accepted from the servants (of Allah).’ I then said, ‘I may have performed Tawaf on behalf of your mother, Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, also, or may not have done so.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You should do so very often; this is better than what you may do, by the will of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/229)