58. Manner of al-Hajj for Children and Slaves

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُثَنًّى الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا حَجَّ الرَّجُلُ بِابْنِهِ وَهُوَ صَغِيرٌ فَإِنَّهُ يَأْمُرُهُ أَنْ يُلَبِّيَ وَيَفْرِضَ الْحَجَّ فَإِنْ لَمْ يُحْسِنْ أَنْ يُلَبِّيَ لُبِّيَ عَنْهُ وَيُطَافُ بِهِ وَيُصَلَّى عَنْهُ قُلْتُ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ مَا يَذْبَحُونَ قَالَ يُذْبَحُ عَنِ الصِّغَارِ وَيَصُومُ الْكِبَارُ وَيُتَّقَى عَلَيْهِمْ مَا يُتَّقَى عَلَى الْمُحْرِمِ مِنَ الثِّيَابِ وَالطِّيبِ فَإِنْ قَتَلَ صَيْداً فَعَلَى أَبِيهِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Muthanna’ al- Hannat from Zurarah who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ’If a man performs al-Hajj along with his small son, he must instruct him to say Talbiyah and make al-Hajj obligatory. If he cannot say Talbiyah correctly, he (the father) must say it on his behalf, make him to perform Tawaf and perform Salat (prayer) on his behalf.’ I then asked, are they not required to offer al-Hady (sacrifice)?’ He (the Imam) said, ’Sacrifice is required for small ones and fast is required from grown up people, and they must stay away in the state of Ihram from whatever the grown up people must stay away, and if he kills a prey his father must pay the expiation.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/209)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ أَخِي أُدَيْمٍ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ أَيْنَ يُجَرَّدُ الصِّبْيَانُ فَقَالَ كَانَ أَبِي يُجَرِّدُهُمْ مِنْ فَخٍّ.


2. Ahmad ibn abu Nasr has narrated from ‘Abd al-Karim from Ayyub brother of ’Udaym who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked, ‘Where from are children required to assume the state of Ihram?’ He (the Imam) said, ’My father would make them to assume the state of Ihram from Fakhkh (name of a place).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/210)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ مَعِي صِبْيَةً صِغَاراً وَأَنَا أَخَافُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْبَرْدَ فَمِنْ أَيْنَ يُحْرِمُونَ قَالَ ائْتِ بِهِمُ الْعَرْجَ فَيُحْرِمُوا مِنْهَا فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا أَتَيْتَ الْعَرْجَ وَقَعْتَ فِي تِهَامَةَ ثُمَّ قَالَ فَإِنْ خِفْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَائْتِ بِهِمُ الْجُحْفَةَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from his father who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of small children with me and I am afraid for them of cold. Where from must they assume the state of Ihram? He (the Imam) said, ‘Bring them to al-‘Arj (a place) and you are in Tihamah (a place).’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘If you are afraid for them, bring them to al-Juhfah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/210)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ انْظُرُوا مَنْ كَانَ مَعَكُمْ مِنَ الصِّبْيَانِ فَقَدِّمُوهُ إِلَى الْجُحْفَةِ أَوْ إِلَى بَطْنِ مَرٍّ وَيُصْنَعُ بِهِمْ مَا يُصْنَعُ بِالْمُحْرِمِ وَيُطَافُ بِهِمْ وَيُرْمَى عَنْهُمْ وَمَنْ لا يَجِدُ مِنْهُمْ هَدْياً فَلْيَصُمْ عَنْهُ وَلِيُّهُ وَكَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) يَضَعُ السِّكِّينَ فِي يَدِ الصَّبِيِّ ثُمَّ يَقْبِضُ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ الرَّجُلُ فَيَذْبَحُ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘See if there are children with you, bring them to al- Juhfah or to Batn Marr and do for them what a person in the state of Ihram must do. They are made to perform Tawaf, throw pebbles; and if one cannot find offering animal for them, his guardian must fast for them. Ali ibn Al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would place the knife in the hand of the child and a grown up person, then place his hand on the hand of the child to complete slaughtering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/210)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَى الْمَمْلُوكِ حَجٌّ وَلا عُمْرَةٌ حَتَّى يُعْتَقَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from al-Fadl ibn Yunus who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A slave is not obligated to perform al-Hajj or al-‘Umrah until he is free.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/211)



6ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ غِلْمَانٍ لَنَا دَخَلُوا مَعَنَا مَكَّةَ بِعُمْرَةٍ وَخَرَجُوا مَعَنَا إِلَى عَرَفَاتٍ بِغَيْرِ إِحْرَامٍ قَالَ قُلْ لَهُمْ يَغْتَسِلُونَ ثُمَّ يُحْرِمُونَ وَاذْبَحُوا عَنْهُمْ كَمَا تَذْبَحُونَ عَنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ.


6. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of boys who have come with us to Makkah for al-‘Umrah and then to Arafat without assuming the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘Instruct them to take Ghusl (bath), assume the state of Ihram, slaughter for them as you slaughter (the offering animal) for yourself.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/211)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كُلُّ مَا أَصَابَ الْعَبْدُ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ فِي إِحْرَامِهِ فَهُوَ عَلَى السَّيِّدِ إِذَا أَذِنَ لَهُ فِي الإِحْرَامِ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whatever a slave may commit in the state of Ihram is on his master, if he gives him permission to assume the state of Ihram.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/211)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ غُلامٍ لَنَا خَرَجْتُ بِهِ مَعِي وَأَمَرْتُهُ فَتَمَتَّعَ وَأَهَلَّ بِالْحَجِّ يَوْمَ التَّرْوِيَةِ وَلَمْ أَذْبَحْ عَنْهُ أَ لَهُ أَنْ يَصُومَ بَعْدَ النَّفْرِ وَقَدْ ذَهَبَتِ الأَيَّامُ الَّتِي قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَقَالَ أَلا كُنْتَ أَمَرْتَهُ أَنْ يُفْرِدَ الْحَجَّ قُلْتُ طَلَبْتُ الْخَيْرَ فَقَالَ كَمَا طَلَبْتَ الْخَيْرَ فَاذْبَحْ شَاةً سَمِينَةً وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ يَوْمَ النَّفْرِ الأَخِيرِ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from af-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of our slave who came with us with his wife, performed al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) and said Talbiyah for al-Hajj on the day of al- Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajj ah), but I did not offer sacrifice for him. Is he required to fast after leaving when the days have passed, about which Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has spoken? He (the Imam) said, ‘Why did you not instruct him to perform in Ifrad manner (al-Hajj without al-‘Umrah)?’ I replied, ‘I sought goodness.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Just as you sought goodness, slaughter for him a fat sheep’ and that was the last day to leave.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/211)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَمَرَ غِلْمَانَهُ أَنْ يَتَمَتَّعُوا قَالَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُضَحِّيَ عَنْهُمْ قُلْتُ فَإِنَّهُ أَعْطَاهُمْ دَرَاهِمَ فَبَعْضُهُمْ ضَحَّى وَبَعْضُهُمْ أَمْسَكَ الدَّرَاهِمَ وَصَامَ قَالَ قَدْ أَجْزَأَ عَنْهُمْ وَهُوَ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ تَرَكَهَا قَالَ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُ أَمَرَهُمْ وَصَامُوا كَانَ قَدْ أَجْزَأَ عَنْهُمْ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who instructed his slaves to perform al- Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must offer al-Hady (sacrifice) for them.’ I then said, ‘He gave them dirham. Certain ones among them offered sacrifice and others kept the dirham and fasted.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is sufficient for them and he has the choice; if he wants he can leave them (dirham) alone. If he were to instruct them to fast, it would have been sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/212)