59. The Case of a Person Who Dies During His First al-Hajj, or One Who Has Made a Will to Perform al-Hajj in His Behalf

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ تُوُفِّيَ وَأَوْصَى أَنْ يُحَجَّ عَنْهُ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ صَرُورَةً فَمِنْ جَمِيعِ الْمَالِ إِنَّهُ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الدَّيْنِ الْوَاجِبِ وَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ حَجَّ فَمِنْ ثُلُثِهِ وَمَنْ مَاتَ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ وَلَمْ يَتْرُكْ إِلاَّ قَدْرَ نَفَقَةِ الْحَمُولَةِ وَلَهُ وَرَثَةٌ فَهُمْ أَحَقُّ بِمَا تَرَكَ فَإِنْ شَاءُوا أَكَلُوا وَإِنْ شَاءُوا أَحَجُّوا عَنْهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “If a man in his will says to perform al-Hajj on his behalf, abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If it is his first al-Hajj, it is performed from his entire legacy. It is like debts, but if it is other than his first al-Hajj, then it is performed from one-third of his legacy. If one dies without performing Hajjahta al-Islam, whose legacy is just enough for transportation, and leaves behind heirs, then they are more rightful to have his legacy. If they like they can use it, or if they like they can perform al-Hajj on his behalf.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/212)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي خَلَفٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ الصَّرُورَةِ يَحُجُّ عَنِ الْمَيِّتِ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِذَا لَمْ يَجِدِ الصَّرُورَةُ مَا يَحُجُّ بِهِ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَهُ مَا يَحُجُّ بِهِ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ فَلَيْسَ يُجْزِئُ عَنْهُ حَتَّى يَحُجَّ مِنْ مَالِهِ وَهِيَ تُجْزِئُ عَنِ الْمَيِّتِ إِنْ كَانَ لِلصَّرُورَةِ مَالٌ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَالٌ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Sa‘d ibn abu Khalaf who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has not performed any al-Hajj, performs al-Hajj on behalf of a deceased. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so if he does not find any means to perform al-Hajj for himself. However, if he has enough to perform al-Hajj for himself, then it is not enough until he performs al-Hajj from his own assets. It (al-Hajj that he has performed) is sufficient for the deceased regardless of whether al-Sarura (one who performs al-Hajj for the first time) has any asset or not.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/213)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ صَرُورَةٍ مَاتَ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ وَلَهُ مَالٌ قَالَ يَحُجُّ عَنْهُ صَرُورَةٌ لا مَالَ لَهُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “About the case of an al-Sarura (one who performs al-Hajj for the first time) who dies without performing Hajjahta al-Islam and has an asset, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘An al- Sarura (one who performs al-Hajj for the first time) who does not have any asset performs al-Hajj on his behalf.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/214)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَمُوتُ وَيُوصِي بِحَجَّةٍ فَيُعْطَى رَجُلٌ دَرَاهِمَ يَحُجُّ بِهَا عَنْهُ فَيَمُوتُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحُجَّ ثُمَّ أُعْطِيَ الدَّرَاهِمَ غَيْرُهُ قَالَ إِنْ مَاتَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ أَوْ بِمَكَّةَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَقْضِيَ مَنَاسِكَهُ فَإِنَّهُ يُجْزِئُ عَنِ الأَوَّلِ قُلْتُ فَإِنِ ابْتُلِيَ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ يُفْسِدُ عَلَيْهِ حَجَّهُ حَتَّى يَصِيرَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ أَ يُجْزِئُ عَنِ الأَوَّلِ قَالَ نَعَمْ قُلْتُ لأَنَّ الأَجِيرَ ضَامِنٌ لِلْحَجِّ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who dies and says in his will to perform al-Hajj on his behalf, and a man is given expenses of al-Hajj to perform al-Hajj on behalf of the deceased but he also dies before performing al-Hajj, then dirhams are given to someone else. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he dies on the way or in Makkah before completing the acts of al-Hajj, it is sufficient for the first deceased.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he (one hired to perform al-Hajj) is involved in something that invalidates his al-Hajj which requires him to perform al-Hajj in future, is it sufficient for the first deceased?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is sufficient.’ I then asked, ‘Is it because a person on hire is responsible for al-Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, that is correct.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/214)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ أَعْطَى رَجُلاً مَا يَحُجُّهُ فَحَدَثَ بِالرَّجُلِ حَدَثٌ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ خَرَجَ فَأَصَابَهُ فِي بَعْضِ الطَّرِيقِ فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَتْ عَنِ الأَوَّلِ وَإِلاَّ فَلا.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Al-Husayn ibn ‘Uthman from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “About a man who pays another man to perform al-Hajj but something happens to him, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If he (the second man) goes for al-Hajj and something happens somewhere on the way, it is sufficient for the first one.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/215)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سُوَيْدٍ الْقَلاَّءِ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ بُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ اسْتَوْدَعَنِي مَالاً فَهَلَكَ وَلَيْسَ لِوُلْدِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ قَالَ حُجَّ عَنْهُ وَمَا فَضَلَ فَأَعْطِهِمْ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Al-Husayn ibn Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Suwayd al-Qala’ from Ayyub from Burayd al- ‘ Ij liy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who left a certain amount in deposit with me and he died. His sons do not have anything and he had not performed Hajjahta al-Islam. He (the Imam) said, ‘Perform al-Hajj on his behalf and whatever is left, give it to his heirs.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/215)