57. Manner of Performing al-Hajj by the Inhabitants of Makkah and Those in Its Neighborhood

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأَعْرَجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَيْسَ لأَهْلِ سَرِفٍ وَلا لأَهْلِ مَرٍّ وَلا لأَهْلِ مَكَّةَ مُتْعَةٌ يَقُولُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ذلِكَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ أَهْلُهُ حاضِرِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرامِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from ‘Abd al-Karim ibn ‘Amr from Sa‘id al-A’raj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) is not for people of Sarif, Marr (names of two places) and people of Makkah; Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, “That is for those whose family is present in Masjid al-Haram.” (2:196)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/200)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَهْلِ مَكَّةَ مُتْعَةٌ قَالَ لا وَلا لأَهْلِ بُسْتَانَ وَلا لأَهْلِ ذَاتِ عِرْقٍ وَلا لأَهْلِ عُسْفَانَ وَنَحْوِهَا.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if people of Makkah can perform al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). He (the Imam) said, ‘No, it also is not for the people of Bustan, Dhat al-Trq, people of ‘Usfan and so on.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/200)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ذلِكَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ أَهْلُهُ حاضِرِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرامِ قَالَ مَنْ كَانَ مَنْزِلُهُ عَلَى ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ مِيلاً مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهَا وَثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ مِيلاً مِنْ خَلْفِهَا وَثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ مِيلاً عَنْ يَمِينِهَا وَثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ مِيلاً عَنْ يَسَارِهَا فَلا مُتْعَةَ لَهُ مِثْلَ مَرٍّ وَأَشْبَاهِهَا.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz who has said the following: “This is about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘That is for those whose family is present in Masjid al-Haram.’ (2:196) Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It applies to those whose homes are within eighteen miles from the front, back, right and left from Masjid al-Haram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/201)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ أَ يَتَمَتَّعُونَ قَالَ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ مُتْعَةٌ قُلْتُ فَالْقَاطِنُ بِهَا قَالَ إِذَا أَقَامَ بِهَا سَنَةً أَوْ سَنَتَيْنِ صَنَعَ صُنْعَ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ مَكَثَ الشَّهْرَ قَالَ يَتَمَتَّعُ قُلْتُ مِنْ أَيْنَ قَالَ يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ قُلْتُ أَيْنَ يُهِلُّ بِالْحَجِّ قَالَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ نَحْواً مِمَّا يَقُولُ النَّاسُ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Dawud from Hammad who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the people of Makkah if they can perform al- Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not permissible for them to perform al- Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous).’ I then asked if a resident could perform al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). He (the Imam) said, ‘If one resides there for one or two years he is considered as people of Makkah.’ I then asked if one who stays there for one month can he perform al-Hajj al- Tamattu‘ (advantageous)? He (the Imam) said, ‘He must perform al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous).’ I then asked, ‘Wherefrom must he commence his al-Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go out of al-Haram (the sacred area).’ I then asked, ‘Where must he say Talbiyah for al-Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must say Talbiyah from where people say it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/202)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنِّي أُرِيدُ الْجِوَارَ فَكَيْفَ أَصْنَعُ قَالَ إِذَا رَأَيْتَ الْهِلالَ هِلالَ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَاخْرُجْ إِلَى الْجِعْرَانَةِ فَأَحْرِمْ مِنْهَا بِالْحَجِّ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ كَيْفَ أَصْنَعُ إِذَا دَخَلْتُ مَكَّةَ أُقِيمُ إِلَى يَوْمِ التَّرْوِيَةِ لا أَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ قَالَ تُقِيمُ عَشْراً لا تَأْتِي الْكَعْبَةَ إِنَّ عَشْراً لَكَثِيرٌ إِنَّ الْبَيْتَ لَيْسَ بِمَهْجُورٍ وَلَكِنْ إِذَا دَخَلْتَ فَطُفْ بِالْبَيْتِ وَاسْعَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَ لَيْسَ كُلُّ مَنْ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ وَسَعَى بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَقَدْ أَحَلَّ قَالَ إِنَّكَ تَعْقِدُ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ ثُمَّ قَالَ كُلَّمَا طُفْتَ طَوَافاً وَصَلَّيْتَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَاعْقِدْ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ ثُمَّ قَالَ إِنَّ سُفْيَانَ فَقِيهَكُمْ أَتَانِي فَقَالَ مَا يَحْمِلُكَ عَلَى أَنْ تَأْمُرَ أَصْحَابَكَ يَأْتُونَ الْجِعْرَانَةَ فَيُحْرِمُونَ مِنْهَا فَقُلْتُ لَهُ هُوَ وَقْتٌ مِنْ مَوَاقِيتِ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ وَأَيُّ وَقْتٍ مِنْ مَوَاقِيتِ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) هُوَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَحْرَمَ مِنْهَا حِينَ قَسَمَ غَنَائِمَ حُنَيْنٍ وَمَرْجِعُهُ مِنَ الطَّائِفِ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا هَذَا شَيْ‏ءٌ أَخَذْتُهُ مِنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عُمَرَ كَانَ إِذَا رَأَى الْهِلالَ صَاحَ بِالْحَجِّ فَقُلْتُ أَ لَيْسَ قَدْ كَانَ عِنْدَكُمْ مَرْضِيّاً قَالَ بَلَى وَلَكِنْ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ أَصْحَابَ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّمَا أَحْرَمُوا مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ أُولَئِكَ كَانُوا مُتَمَتِّعِينَ فِي أَعْنَاقِهِمُ الدِّمَاءُ وَإِنَّ هَؤُلاءِ قَطَنُوا بِمَكَّةَ فَصَارُوا كَأَنَّهُمْ مِنْ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ وَأَهْلُ مَكَّةَ لا مُتْعَةَ لَهُمْ فَأَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ يَخْرُجُوا مِنْ مَكَّةَ إِلَى بَعْضِ الْمَوَاقِيتِ وَأَنْ يَسْتَغِبُّوا بِهِ أَيَّاماً فَقَالَ لِي وَأَنَا أُخْبِرُهُ أَنَّهَا وَقْتٌ مِنْ مَوَاقِيتِ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله فَإِنِّي أَرَى لَكَ أَنْ لا تَفْعَلَ فَضَحِكْتُ وَقُلْتُ وَلَكِنِّي أَرَى لَهُمْ أَنْ يَفْعَلُوا فَسَأَلَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ عَمَّنْ مَعَنَا مِنَ النِّسَاءِ كَيْفَ يَصْنَعْنَ فَقَالَ لَوْ لا أَنَّ خُرُوجَ النِّسَاءِ شُهْرَةٌ لأَمَرْتُ الصَّرُورَةَ مِنْهُنَّ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ وَلَكِنْ مُرْ مَنْ كَانَ مِنْهُنَّ صَرُورَةً أَنْ تُهِلَّ بِالْحَجِّ فِي هِلالِ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَأَمَّا اللَّوَاتِي قَدْ حَجَجْنَ فَإِنْ شِئْنَ فَفِي خَمْسٍ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ وَإِنْ شِئْنَ فَيَوْمَ التَّرْوِيَةِ فَخَرَجَ وَأَقَمْنَا فَاعْتَلَّ بَعْضُ مَنْ كَانَ مَعَنَا مِنَ النِّسَاءِ الصَّرُورَةِ مِنْهُنَّ فَقَدِمَ فِي خَمْسٍ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَأَرْسَلْتُ إِلَيْهِ أَنَّ بَعْضَ مَنْ مَعَنَا مِنْ صَرُورَةِ النِّسَاءِ قَدِ اعْتَلَلْنَ فَكَيْفَ تَصْنَعُ فَقَالَ فَلْتَنْظُرْ مَا بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ التَّرْوِيَةِ فَإِنْ طَهُرَتْ فَلْتُهِلَّ بِالْحَجِّ وَإِلاَّ فَلا يَدْخُلْ عَلَيْهَا يَوْمُ التَّرْوِيَةِ إِلاَّ وَهِيَ مُحْرِمَةٌ وَأَمَّا الأَوَاخِرُ فَيَوْمَ التَّرْوِيَةِ فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ مَعَنَا صَبِيّاً مَوْلُوداً فَكَيْفَ نَصْنَعُ بِهِ فَقَالَ مُرْ أُمَّهُ تَلْقَى حَمِيدَةَ فَتَسْأَلَهَا كَيْفَ تَصْنَعُ بِصِبْيَانِهَا فَأَتَتْهَا فَسَأَلَتْهَا كَيْفَ تَصْنَعُ فَقَالَتْ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ التَّرْوِيَةِ فَأَحْرِمُوا عَنْهُ وَجَرِّدُوهُ وَغَسِّلُوهُ كَمَا يُجَرَّدُ الْمُحْرِمُ وَقِفُوا بِهِ الْمَوَاقِفَ فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ النَّحْرِ فَارْمُوا عَنْهُ وَاحْلِقُوا عَنْهُ رَأْسَهُ وَمُرِي الْجَارِيَةَ أَنْ تَطُوفَ بِهِ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ يَخْرُجُ إِلَى بَعْضِ الأَمْصَارِ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَيَمُرُّ بِبَعْضِ الْمَوَاقِيتِ أَ لَهُ أَنْ يَتَمَتَّعَ قَالَ مَا أَزْعُمُ أَنَّ ذَلِكَ لَيْسَ لَهُ لَوْ فَعَلَ وَكَانَ الإِهْلالُ أَحَبَّ إِلَيَّ.


5. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that I want to reside in Makkah, what am I required to do? He (the Imam) said, ‘When you see the new moon of Dhu al-Hajj ah then go out to al-Ja‘ranah, then assume the state of Ihram from there for al-Hajj.’ I then asked, ‘What am I required to do if I enter Makkah and remain there until the day of al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajj ah) without performing Tawaf around the House?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘(If you) stay there for ten days but do not visit al-Ka‘bah, it is a long time and you cannot leave it as if neglected. However, when you enter Makkah, you can perform Tawaf around the House and perform Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al- Marwah.’ I then asked, ‘Is it not the case that it is considered as coming out of the state of Ihram after Tawaf and Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah? He (the Imam) said, ‘You commence with Talbiyah.’ Then he (the Imam) said, ‘Whenever you perform Tawaf and two Rak‘at Salat (prayer), then commence with Talbiyah.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Sufyan, your faqih came to me and said, “What makes you to instruct your followers to assume the state of Ihram from al-Ja‘ranah?’” I said to him, ‘It is a place of the places wherefrom the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, assumed the state of Ihram.’ He then asked, ‘Which one of the Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) of the Messenger of Allah is it?’ I then said to him, ‘The Messenger of Allah assumed the state of Ihram from this place when he distributed gains of the battle of Hunayn and upon returning from Ta’if.’ He said, ‘This is what I have taken from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Umar who upon seeing the moon would call aloud for al-Hajj.’ I then said, ‘Was he not an acceptable person among you?’ He replied, ‘Yes, he was acceptable. However, did you not know that the companions of the Messenger of Allah would assume the state of Ihram from the Masjid?’ I then said, ‘These people were to perform al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous), with blood on their necks (they owed to offer sacrifice) and those people were people of Makkah who could not perform al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). I liked that they go out of Makkah to one of the Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) and remain absent for a few days.’ He (Sufyan) then said to me, ‘I will report that it is one of the Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) of the Messenger of Allah and I will see that you, O abu ‘Abd Allah, will not do so.’ I then laughed and said, ‘I will, however, see that they do so.’ ‘Abd al-Rahman then asked about the women with us and about what they are required to do. He (the Imam) said, ‘If privacy was not an issue in the case of women, I would instruct those of them who perform al-Hajj for the first time to go out. So instruct those of them who perform al-Hajj for the first time to commence al-Hajj with the new moon of Dhu al-Hajj ah and those of them who have performed al-Hajj before to commence al-Hajj on the fifth of Dhu al-Hajj ah or on al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajj ah).’ He went out and we stayed. Certain ones of the women with us who performed al-Hajj for the first time became ill (experienced Hayd (menses)). On fifth of Dhu al- Hajj ah he came and I then sent him (the Imam) a message that certain ones of the women who perform al-Hajj for the first time have become ill, ‘What are they required to do?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘They must wait until al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah). If they become clean they commence (say Talbiyah) for al-Hajj, otherwise, before the day of al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah), they must assume the state of Ihram and others commence (say Talbiyah) for al-Hajj on the day of al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah).’ I then asked, ‘There is a new born child with us. What must we do?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Instruct the mother to meet Hamidah and asked her about what to do about the child.’ She went to her and asked about what to do. She (Hamidah) told her, ‘On the day of al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah) assume the state of Ihram for him (the child), take off his clothes and give him Ghusl (bath) as people in the state of Ihram take off their clothes, make him stay in the staying places and on the day of sacrifice throw pebbles for him. Shave his head and instruct the slave-girl to perform Tawaf with him (Sa‘y) between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah.’ I then asked him about a man of the people of Makkah who goes to certain cities and returns to Makkah and passes by a certain Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram). Can he perform al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘I do not think he cannot do so, if he were to do; while I like his commencing (saying Talbiyah).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/203)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ الْمُجَاوِرُ بِمَكَّةَ سَنَةً يَعْمَلُ عَمَلَ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ يَعْنِي يُفْرِدُ الْحَجَّ مَعَ أَهْلِ مَكَّةَ وَمَا كَانَ دُونَ السَّنَةِ فَلَهُ أَنْ يَتَمَتَّعَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘One who resides in Makkah for one year is like the people of Makkah, thus, he must perform al-Hajj in Ifrad manner (al-Hajj without al-‘Umrah) along with the people of Makkah. However, if one resides in Makkah for less than one year, he is required to perform al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/206)



7ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمُجَاوِرِ أَ لَهُ أَنْ يَتَمَتَّعَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ قَالَ نَعَمْ يَخْرُجُ إِلَى مُهَلِّ أَرْضِهِ فَيُلَبِّي إِنْ شَاءَ.


7. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who resides in Makkah: if he can perform al-‘Umrah of al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous). He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so. He goes out to a Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) to say Talbiyah, if he likes.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/206)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ دَخَلَ مَكَّةَ بِحَجَّةٍ عَنْ غَيْرِهِ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ سَنَةً فَهُوَ مَكِّيٌّ فَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَحُجُّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ أَوْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَعْتَمِرَ بَعْدَ مَا انْصَرَفَ مِنْ عَرَفَةَ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ بِمَكَّةَ وَلَكِنْ يَخْرُجُ إِلَى الْوَقْتِ وَكُلَّمَا حَوَّلَ رَجَعَ إِلَى الْوَقْتِ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one enters Makkah to perform al-Hajj for others then remains in Makkah for one year, he is considered as one of the people of Makkah. If he wants to perform al-Hajj for himself or wants to perform al-‘Umrah after returning from ‘Arafat, he cannot then assume the state of Ihram in Makkah. He must go out to a Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) and every time he changes, he is required to go to a Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل معتبر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/207)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ أَبِي الْفَضْلِ قَالَ كُنْتُ مُجَاوِراً بِمَكَّةَ فَسَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ أَيْنَ أُحْرِمُ بِالْحَجِّ فَقَالَ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَحْرَمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مِنَ الْجِعْرَانَةِ أَتَاهُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْمَكَانِ فُتُوحٌ فَتْحُ الطَّائِفِ وَفَتْحُ خَيْبَرَ وَالْفَتْحُ فَقُلْتُ مَتَى أَخْرُجُ قَالَ إِنْ كُنْتَ صَرُورَةً فَإِذَا مَضَى مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ يَوْمٌ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَدْ حَجَجْتَ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فَإِذَا مَضَى مِنَ الشَّهْرِ خَمْسٌ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Safwan from abu al-Fadl who has said the following: “I resided in Makkah and I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about wherefrom should I assume the state of Ihram for al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘You must assume the state of Ihram from where the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, did which is al-Ja‘ranah, which is the place where victory came to him several times like the victory of Ta’if, Khaybar and the Victory.’ I then asked, ‘When should I go out?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is your first al-Hajj, you can go out on the second day of Dhu al-Hajj ah, but if it is not your first al-Hajj, then you can go out on fifth of Dhu al-Hajj ah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/207)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُجَاوِرُ بِمَكَّةَ إِذَا دَخَلَهَا بِعُمْرَةٍ فِي غَيْرِ أَشْهُرِ الْحَجِّ فِي رَجَبٍ أَوْ شَعْبَانَ أَوْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَوْ غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ مِنَ الشُّهُورِ إِلاَّ أَشْهُرَ الْحَجِّ فَإِنَّ أَشْهُرَ الْحَجِّ شَوَّالٌ وَذُو الْقَعْدَةِ وَذُو الْحِجَّةِ مَنْ دَخَلَهَا بِعُمْرَةٍ فِي غَيْرِ أَشْهُرِ الْحَجِّ ثُمَّ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ فَلْيَخْرُجْ إِلَى الْجِعْرَانَةِ فَيُحْرِمُ مِنْهَا ثُمَّ يَأْتِي مَكَّةَ وَلا يَقْطَعُ التَّلْبِيَةَ حَتَّى يَنْظُرَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ ثُمَّ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ وَيُصَلِّي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ إِلَى الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ فَيَطُوفُ بَيْنَهُمَا ثُمَّ يُقَصِّرُ وَيُحِلُّ ثُمَّ يَعْقِدُ التَّلْبِيَةَ يَوْمَ التَّرْوِيَةِ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a resident of Makkah enters Makkah for al-‘Umrah in non-Dhu al-Hajj ah months, like Rajab, the month of al-Sha‘ban or the month of Ramadan or other months other than Shawwal, Dhu al-Qa’dah or Dhu al-Hajj ah, thereafter wants to go out, he can go to al-Ja‘ranah. He can assume the state of Ihram, then go to Makkah and continue Talbiyah until he can see the House. He then must perform Tawaf around the House, two Rak‘at Salat (prayer) near Maqam (station) of Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then he must go for Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. He then must complete Taqsir (cut or trim a part of his nails or hair) and come out of the state of Ihram. Thereafter, on the day of al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajj ah) say Talbiyah (for al-Hajj).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/208)