47. Important Advice

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ الْجَمَّالِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي يَقُولُ مَا يُعْبَأُ مَنْ يَؤُمُّ هَذَا الْبَيْتَ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ فِيهِ ثَلاثُ خِصَالٍ خُلُقٌ يُخَالِقُ بِهِ مَنْ صَحِبَهُ أَوْ حِلْمٌ يَمْلِكُ بِهِ مِنْ غَضَبِهِ أَوْ وَرَعٌ يَحْجُزُهُ عَنْ مَحَارِمِ الله.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Safwan al-Jammal who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘My father would say, “One who decides to visit this House is not properly prepared without three characteristics. They are moral discipline with which he behaves with his companion, forbearance with which he overcomes his anger, and abstaining (staying away from sins) which keeps him away from violating the laws of Allah.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/179)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَا يُعْبَأُ مَنْ يَسْلُكُ هَذَا الطَّرِيقَ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ فِيهِ ثَلاثُ خِصَالٍ وَرَعٌ يَحْجُزُهُ عَنْ مَعَاصِي الله وَحِلْمٌ يَمْلِكُ بِهِ غَضَبَهُ وَحُسْنُ الصُّحْبَةِ لِمَنْ صَحِبَهُ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Hakam from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who decides to visit this House is not properly prepared without three characteristics. One should be able to abstain (stay away from sins) which keeps him away from violating the laws of Allah, exercise forbearance to overcome his anger, and moral discipline with which he behaves (properly) with his companion.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/179)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَطِّنْ نَفْسَكَ عَلَى حُسْنِ الصِّحَابَةِ لِمَنْ صَحِبْتَ فِي حُسْنِ خُلُقِكَ وَكُفَّ لِسَانَكَ وَاكْظِمْ غَيْظَكَ وَأَقِلَّ لَغْوَكَ وَتَفْرُشُ عَفْوَكَ وَتَسْخُو نَفْسُكَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Station your soul on the discipline for good companionship toward your companion, control your tongue and anger, reduce your useless activities, make your forgiveness readily available and act generously.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/180)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَفْصٍ عَنْ أَبِي الرَّبِيعِ الشَّامِيِّ قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَالْبَيْتُ غَاصٌّ بِأَهْلِهِ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ مِنَّا مَنْ لَمْ يُحْسِنْ صُحْبَةَ مَنْ صَحِبَهُ وَمُرَافَقَةَ مَنْ رَافَقَهُ وَمُمَالَحَةَ مَنْ مَالَحَهُ وَمُخَالَقَةَ مَنْ خَالَقَهُ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Isma‘il ibn Mehran from Muhammad ibn Hafs from abu al-Rabi’ al-Shamiy who has said the following: “Once we were in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when the house was full of people. He (the Imam) said, ‘One whose behavior toward his companion, comrade, tablemate and associate is not proper, is not of our people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/180)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الرَّفِيقَ ثُمَّ السَّفَرَ وَقَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا تَصْحَبَنَّ فِي سَفَرِكَ مَنْ لا يَرَى لَكَ مِنَ الْفَضْلِ عَلَيْهِ كَمَا تَرَى لَهُ عَلَيْكَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father, from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated from his ancestors, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, who have said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Companion first, then is journey.’ ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, has said, ‘You must not accompany during a journey one who does not consider your favor to him of the same value as his favors he does to you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/180)



6ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا صَحِبْتَ فَاصْحَبْ نَحْوَكَ وَلا تَصْحَبَنَّ مَنْ يَكْفِيكَ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ مَذَلَّةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِ.


6. Ali has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from Hariz from those who he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Accompany someone like yourself. Do not accompany one who suffices you; it is humiliation for a believing person.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/181)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ اللُّؤْلُؤِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ شِهَابِ بْنِ عَبْدِ رَبِّهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَدْ عَرَفْتَ حَالِي وَسَعَةَ يَدِي وَتَوَسُّعِي عَلَى إِخْوَانِي فَأَصْحَبُ النَّفَرَ مِنْهُمْ فِي طَرِيقِ مَكَّةَ فَأَتَوَسَّعُ عَلَيْهِمْ قَالَ لا تَفْعَلْ يَا شِهَابُ إِنْ بَسَطْتَ وَبَسَطُوا أَجْحَفْتَ بِهِمْ وَإِنْ أَمْسَكُوا أَذْلَلْتَهُمْ فَاصْحَبْ نُظَرَاءَكَ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from al-Hassan ibn al-Husayn al-Lu’lu’iy from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Hudhayfah ibn Mansur from Shihab ibn ‘Abd Rabbihi who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘You are aware of my affluent condition and my extending helping hand toward my brothers (in belief). Should I accompany certain individuals from among them during my journey to Makkah and extend a helpful hand toward them?’ He (the Imam) replied, ’You must not do so, O Shihab. If you do so, they will also do it, you overburden them, and if they did not do so, you have humiliated them. Therefore, accompany people like yourself.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/181)



8ـ أَحْمَدُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَخْرُجُ الرَّجُلُ مَعَ قَوْمٍ مَيَاسِيرَ وَهُوَ أَقَلُّهُمْ شَيْئاً فَيُخْرِجُ الْقَوْمُ النَّفَقَةَ وَلا يَقْدِرُ هُوَ أَنْ يُخْرِجَ مِثْلَ مَا أَخْرَجُوا فَقَالَ مَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ يُذِلَّ نَفْسَهُ لِيَخْرُجْ مَعَ مَنْ هُوَ مِثْلُهُ.


8. Ahmad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Afi ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the foiiowing: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’Can a less affluent person accompany affluent people during the journey to Makkah, when he cannot spend as much as they do?’ He (the Imam) replied, ’I do not like his humiliating himself. He should accompany people of his own status.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/181)