45. Prayers to Say when Leaving One’s Home, and the Excellence of Charity

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَا اسْتَخْلَفَ رَجُلٌ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ بِخِلافَةٍ أَفْضَلَ مِنْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ يَرْكَعُهُمَا إِذَا أَرَادَ الْخُرُوجَ إِلَى سَفَرٍ يَقُولُ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَوْدِعُكَ نَفْسِي وَأَهْلِي وَمَالِي وَذُرِّيَّتِي وَدُنْيَايَ وَآخِرَتِي وَأَمَانَتِي وَخَاتِمَةَ عَمَلِي إِلاَّ أَعْطَاهُ الله مَا سَأَلَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy, from al-Sakuniy who has said the following from his ancestors: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ’No deputy is better for a man to leave behind for his family than two Rak’at salat (prayer). At the time of coming out, one should say, “O Lord, I leave in Your trust my family, property, children, my worldly affairs, my next life, my trust and end-result of my deeds”, Allah grants his appeals.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/174)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأَحْوَلِ عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ الْعِجْلِيِّ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا أَرَادَ سَفَراً جَمَعَ عِيَالَهُ فِي بَيْتٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَوْدِعُكَ الْغَدَاةَ نَفْسِي وَمَالِي وَأَهْلِي وَوُلْدِي الشَّاهِدَ مِنَّا وَالْغَائِبَ اللهمَّ احْفَظْنَا وَاحْفَظْ عَلَيْنَا اللهمَّ اجْعَلْنَا فِي جِوَارِكَ اللهمَّ لا تَسْلُبْنَا نِعْمَتَكَ وَلا تُغَيِّرْ مَا بِنَا مِنْ عَافِيَتِكَ وَفَضْلِكَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from al-Harith ibn Muhammad al-Ahwal from Burayd ibn Mu‘awiyah al-‘Ijliy who has said the following: “When abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, wanted to leave for a journey, he would ask his family to come together in the house. He would then say, ‘O Allah, I leave in the morning in Your trust my soul, my possession, my family, my children, those present and those absent. O Allah, protect us and protect things important to us. O Allah, place us in Your neighborhood. O Allah, do not take away Your bounties from us and do not change the good health and favors that we enjoy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/174)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَ يُكْرَهُ السَّفَرُ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ الأَيَّامِ الْمَكْرُوهَةِ الأَرْبِعَاءِ وَغَيْرِهِ فَقَالَ افْتَتِحْ سَفَرَكَ بِالصَّدَقَةِ وَاقْرَأْ آيَةَ الْكُرْسِيِّ إِذَا بَدَا لَكَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman who has said the following: “I once asked abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, this question. ‘Is it detestable to leave for a journey at any particular day like Wednesday or so?’ He (the Imam) said, ’Begin your journey with giving charity and reading verse 255 of Chapter two when you decide to leave for your journey.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/175)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) تَصَدَّقْ وَاخْرُجْ أَيَّ يَوْمٍ شِئْتَ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You should give charity and leave for your journey any time you like.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/175)