44. The Case of a Woman Whose Husband Prevents Her from Performing al-Hajj

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ لَهَا زَوْجٌ أَبَى أَنْ يَأْذَنَ لَهَا أَنْ تَحُجَّ وَلَمْ تَحُجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ فَغَابَ زَوْجُهَا عَنْهَا وَقَدْ نَهَاهَا أَنْ تَحُجَّ قَالَ لا طَاعَةَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا فِي حَجَّةِ الإِسْلامِ فَلْتَحُجَّ إِنْ شَاءَتْ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman whose husband refuses to permit her to perform al-Hajj and she has not performed Hajjahta al-Islam. The husband who had prohibited her to perform Hajjahta al-Islam disappeared. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not obligatory for her to obey him in his prohibiting from Hajjahta al-Islam. She can perform al-Hajj whenever she likes.’”




2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ تَخْرُجُ مَعَ غَيْرِ وَلِيٍّ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَهَا زَوْجٌ أَوِ ابْنُ أَخٍ قَادِرَيْنِ عَلَى أَنْ يَخْرُجَا مَعَهَا وَلَيْسَ لَهَا سَعَةٌ فَلا يَنْبَغِي لَهَا أَنْ تَقْعُدَ وَلا يَنْبَغِي لَهُمْ أَنْ يَمْنَعُوهَا.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who goes out with people other than her guardian. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful. If she has her husband or a son or brother who can go with her; but if she cannot provide their expenses, then it is not proper for her to sit without al-Hajj, and it is not proper for them to stop her from performing al-Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/172)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ لَهَا زَوْجٌ وَهِيَ صَرُورَةٌ لا يَأْذَنُ لَهَا فِي الْحَجِّ قَالَ تَحُجُّ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَأْذَنْ لَهَا.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from Aban from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who has a husband and it is her first al-Hajj but he does not give her permission to go for al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘She can perform al-Hajj even though he does not give permission.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/173)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الْمَرْأَةِ تُرِيدُ الْحَجَّ لَيْسَ مَعَهَا مَحْرَمٌ هَلْ يَصْلُحُ لَهَا الْحَجُّ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِذَا كَانَتْ مَأْمُونَةً.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Hisham ibn Salim from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman if she can go for al-Hajj without permission from her husband and there is no one with her of her guardians. He (the Imam) said, ‘She can do so, if she is safe.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/173)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَنِ الْمَرْأَةِ الْحُرَّةِ تَحُجُّ إِلَى مَكَّةَ بِغَيْرِ وَلِيٍّ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ تَخْرُجُ مَعَ قَوْمٍ ثِقَاتٍ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a woman who is free if she can perform al-Hajj in Makkah. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful if she goes with trustworthy people.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/173)