31. One Procrastinates in His Duty of Performing al-Hajj

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1ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ ذَرِيحٍ الْمُحَارِبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ مَاتَ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ لَمْ يَمْنَعْهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ حَاجَةٌ تُجْحِفُ بِهِ أَوْ مَرَضٌ لا يُطِيقُ فِيهِ الْحَجَّ أَوْ سُلْطَانٌ يَمْنَعُهُ فَلْيَمُتْ يَهُودِيّاً أَوْ نَصْرَانِيّاً.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Dharih al-Muharibiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one who dies without performing Hajjahta al-Islam when nothing such as poverty, illness with which he could not perform al-Hajj, or the ruling authorities prevent him from performing al-Hajj, he dies as a Jew or as a Christian.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/149)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ كانَ فِي هذِهِ أَعْمى‏ فَهُوَ فِي الآخِرَةِ أَعْمى‏ وَأَضَلُّ سَبِيلاً فَقَالَ ذَلِكَ الَّذِي يُسَوِّفُ نَفْسَهُ الْحَجَّ يَعْنِي حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُ الْمَوْتُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id who has narrated from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad, from Ali ibn abu Hamzah, from abu Basir, who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘One who is blind in this life in the next life will also be blind and in much more straying.’ (17:72) He (the Imam) replied, ‘He is one who procrastinates in performing al-Hajj, which is Hajjahta al-Islam, until death takes him away.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/149)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ عَنْ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) التَّاجِرُ يُسَوِّفُ نَفْسَهُ الْحَجَّ قَالَ لَيْسَ لَهُ عُذْرٌ وَإِنْ مَاتَ فَقَدْ تَرَكَ شَرِيعَةً مِنْ شَرَائِعِ الإِسْلامِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Najran from abu Jamilah from Zayd al-Shahham who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘There is a merchant who procrastinates in performing al-Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he does it without good reason, he has violated one of the laws of al-Islam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/150)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَ رَأَيْتَ الرَّجُلَ التَّاجِرَ ذَا الْمَالِ حِينَ يُسَوِّفُ الْحَجَّ كُلَّ عَامٍ وَلَيْسَ يَشْغَلُهُ عَنْهُ إِلاَّ التِّجَارَةُ أَوِ الدَّيْنُ فَقَالَ لا عُذْرَ لَهُ يُسَوِّفُ الْحَجَّ إِنْ مَاتَ وَقَدْ تَرَكَ الْحَجَّ فَقَدْ تَرَكَ شَرِيعَةً مِنْ شَرَائِعِ الإِسْلامِ. عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِثْلَهُ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘What do you say about a wealthy business man who procrastinates in performing al-Hajj every year when no other thing prevents him from al-Hajj except business and debts?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘He does not have any good excuse. He must not procrastinate performing al-Hajj. If he dies, he has violated one of the laws of al-Islam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/151)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ النَّهْدِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ ذَرِيحٍ الْمُحَارِبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ مَاتَ وَلَمْ يَحُجَّ حَجَّةَ الإِسْلامِ لَمْ تَمْنَعْهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ حَاجَةٌ تُجْحِفُ بِهِ أَوْ مَرَضٌ لا يُطِيقُ فِيهِ الْحَجَّ أَوْ سُلْطَانٌ يَمْنَعُهُ فَلْيَمُتْ يَهُودِيّاً أَوْ نَصْرَانِيّاً.


5. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Nahdiy from Muhammad ibn al-Walid from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Dharih al-Muharibiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one who dies without performing Hajjata al-Islam and without any good excuse, such as poverty, an illness with which one cannot perform al-Hajj or any ruling authority’s preventing him from performing al-Hajj, he dies as a Jew or a Christian.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/151)



6ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْمِيثَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ مَنْ مَاتَ وَهُوَ صَحِيحٌ مُوسِرٌ لَمْ يَحُجَّ فَهُوَ مِمَّنْ قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَنَحْشُرُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ أَعْمى‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ سُبْحَانَ الله أَعْمَى قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَعْمَاهُ عَنْ طَرِيقِ الْحَقِّ.


6. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan al-Mithamiy from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from abu Basir who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘If one dies without performing al-Hajj when in good health and wealthy, he is one of those about whom Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has said, ‘We will, on the Day of Judgment, raise him blind.’ (20:124) I (the narrator) then said, ‘Allah is free of all defects. Will he be raised blind?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, blind he will be raised. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has turned him blind toward the true path.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/151)