30. The Ability to Perform al-Hajj

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلله عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً قَالَ مَا السَّبِيلُ قَالَ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُ مَا يَحُجُّ بِهِ قَالَ قُلْتُ مَنْ عُرِضَ عَلَيْهِ مَا يَحُجُّ بِهِ فَاسْتَحْيَا مِنْ ذَلِكَ أَ هُوَ مِمَّنْ يَسْتَطِيعُ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً قَالَ نَعَمْ مَا شَأْنُهُ أَنْ يَسْتَحْيِيَ وَلَوْ يَحُجُّ عَلَى حِمَارٍ أَجْدَعَ أَبْتَرَ فَإِنْ كَانَ يُطِيقُ أَنْ يَمْشِيَ بَعْضاً وَيَرْكَبَ بَعْضاً فَلْيَحُجَّ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from af-Halabiy who has said the following: “This is about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘It is obligatory upon people from Allah to perform al-Hajj who has the way (are able) to do so.’ (3:97) Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, said, ‘What is ‘the way’?’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘It means that he must have the means to perform al-Hajj.’ I then asked, ‘If one is provided with all the means to perform al-Hajj but he feels shy, is he considered of the ones who have the way (are able) to perform al-Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, and why should he feel shy even if he performs al-Hajj on a donkey whose nose, ears and tail are cutoff? Even if one needs to walk certain distance of the way and ride other parts one must perform al- Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/144)



2ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى الْخَثْعَمِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلَ حَفْصٌ الْكُنَاسِيُّ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَأَنَا عِنْدَهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلله عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً مَا يَعْنِي بِذَلِكَ قَالَ مَنْ كَانَ صَحِيحاً فِي بَدَنِهِ مُخَلًّى سَرْبُهُ لَهُ زَادٌ وَرَاحِلَةٌ فَهُوَ مِمَّنْ يَسْتَطِيعُ الْحَجَّ أَوْ قَالَ مِمَّنْ كَانَ لَهُ مَالٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ حَفْصٌ الْكُنَاسِيُّ فَإِذَا كَانَ صَحِيحاً فِي بَدَنِهِ مُخَلًّى سَرْبُهُ لَهُ زَادٌ وَرَاحِلَةٌ فَلَمْ يَحُجَّ فَهُوَ مِمَّنْ يَسْتَطِيعُ الْحَجَّ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Khath’amiy who has said the following: “Hafs al-Kunasiy once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meaning of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘It is obligatory upon people from Allah to perform al-Hajj who have the way (are able) to do so.’ (3:96) He (the Imam) said, ‘It means that one is physically safe, has supplies and transportation, then he has the way (is able) to perform al-Hajj or that he (the Imam) said that he is of the ones who is wealthy.’ Hafs al-Kunasiy then asked, ‘So if one is physically safe, free, has supplies, transportation and has not performed al-Hajj, is he of those who are able to perform al- Hajj? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, that is correct.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/146)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ جَرِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الرَّبِيعِ الشَّامِيِّ قَالَ سُئِلَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَنِ اسْتَطاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً فَقَالَ مَا يَقُولُ النَّاسُ قَالَ فَقِيلَ لَهُ الزَّادُ وَالرَّاحِلَةُ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَدْ سُئِلَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ هَذَا فَقَالَ هَلَكَ النَّاسُ إِذاً لَئِنْ كَانَ مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ زَادٌ وَرَاحِلَةٌ قَدْرَ مَا يَقُوتُ عِيَالَهُ وَيَسْتَغْنِي بِهِ عَنِ النَّاسِ يَنْطَلِقُ إِلَيْهِ فَيَسْلُبُهُمْ إِيَّاهُ لَقَدْ هَلَكُوا فَقِيلَ لَهُ فَمَا السَّبِيلُ قَالَ فَقَالَ السَّعَةُ فِي الْمَالِ إِذَا كَانَ يَحُجُّ بِبَعْضٍ وَيُبْقِي بَعْضاً يَقُوتُ بِهِ عِيَالَهُ أَ لَيْسَ قَدْ فَرَضَ الله الزَّكَاةَ فَلَمْ يَجْعَلْهَا إِلاَّ عَلَى مَنْ يَمْلِكُ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Khalid ibn Jarir from abu al-Rabi’ al- Shamiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘It is obligatory upon people from Allah to perform al-Hajj who have the way (are able) to do so.’ (3:96) He (the Imam) asked, ‘What do people say about it?’ It was said, to him (the Imam), ‘They say it is supplies and transportation.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘Abu Ja‘far, was asked about it and he said, “If so, then people are destroyed. If it was only supplies, transportation and enough food for the family that made them needless of people and he then left and was looted, such people would have been destroyed.’” It then was asked, ‘What then is ‘the way’?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It means to be affluent so that if one uses a certain portion, others (enough funds) are left from which, one’s family can spend. Is it not the case that Allah has made Zakat obligatory only when one has two hundred dirham?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/147)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنِّي شَيَّعْتُ أَصْحَابِي إِلَى الْقَادِسِيَّةِ فَقَالُوا لِي انْطَلِقْ مَعَنَا وَنُقِيمُ عَلَيْكَ ثَلاثاً فَرَجَعْتُ وَلَيْسَ عِنْدِي نَفَقَةٌ فَيَسَّرَ الله وَلَحِقْتُهُمْ قَالَ إِنَّهُ مَنْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْهِ فِي الْوَفْدِ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ أَنْ لا يَحُجَّ وَإِنْ كَانَ فَقِيراً وَمَنْ لَمْ يُكْتَبْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ أَنْ يَحُجَّ وَإِنْ كَانَ غَنِيّاً صَحِيحاً.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from fro Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that I escorted my people to al-Qadisiyah and they said to me, ‘Come with us, we shall wait for three days for you. I returned and I did not have anything for my expenses but Allah made it possible and I joined them. He (the Imam) said, ‘Whoever’ s name is written in the delegation is not able to avoid al-Hajj even if he is poor and whoever’ s name is not written cannot do al-Hajj even if he is rich and in good health.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/148)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ عِمْرَانَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلَهُ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْقَدَرِ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ الله أَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلله عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً أَ لَيْسَ قَدْ جَعَلَ الله لَهُمُ الاسْتِطَاعَةَ فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ إِنَّمَا يَعْنِي بِالاسْتِطَاعَةِ الزَّادَ وَالرَّاحِلَةَ لَيْسَ اسْتِطَاعَةَ الْبَدَنِ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ أَ فَلَيْسَ إِذَا كَانَ الزَّادُ وَالرَّاحِلَةُ فَهُوَ مُسْتَطِيعٌ لِلْحَجِّ فَقَالَ وَيْحَكَ لَيْسَ كَمَا تَظُنُّ قَدْ تَرَى الرَّجُلَ عِنْدَهُ الْمَالُ الْكَثِيرُ أَكْثَرَ مِنَ الزَّادِ وَالرَّاحِلَةِ فَهُوَ لا يَحُجُّ حَتَّى يَأْذَنَ الله تَعَالَى فِي ذَلِكَ.


5. Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from Musa ibn ‘Imran from al-Husayn ibn Yazid from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Once a man who believed in absolute freedom of will ideology, asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, ‘O child of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, I have a question. Tell me about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, “It is obligatory upon people from Allah to perform al-Hajj who are able to do so.” (3:96) Has Allah not given them the ability?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Fie upon you, ‘ability’ means supplies and transportation and physical well being.’ The man then said, ‘Is it not true that when there is supply and transportation one then is able to perform al-Hajj.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Fie upon you, it is not the way you think it is. There are times when a man has a great deal of wealth, more than supplies and transportation and still does not do al-Hajj until Allah, most High, grants him permission to do so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/148)