29. The Obligation of al-Hajj and al-Umrah

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِمَسَائِلَ بَعْضُهَا مَعَ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ وَبَعْضُهَا مَعَ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ فَجَاءَ الْجَوَابُ بِإِمْلائِهِ سَأَلْتَ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلله عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً يَعْنِي بِهِ الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ جَمِيعاً لأَنَّهُمَا مَفْرُوضَانِ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لله قَالَ يَعْنِي بِتَمَامِهِمَا أَدَاءَهُمَا وَاتِّقَاءَ مَا يَتَّقِي الْمُحْرِمُ فِيهِمَا وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِهِ تَعَالَى الْحَجِّ الأَكْبَرِ مَا يَعْنِي بِالْحَجِّ الأَكْبَرِ فَقَالَ الْحَجُّ الأَكْبَرُ الْوُقُوفُ بِعَرَفَةَ وَرَمْيُ الْجِمَارِ وَالْحَجُّ الأَصْغَرُ الْعُمْرَةُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about certain issues (of Fiqh) of which a few were with ibn Bukayr, a few with abu al- ‘Abbas. The answers came with his (the Imam’s) dictation, ‘You have asked about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, “People owe to Allah to perform al-Hajj of the House, whoever is capable to do so,” (3:97) is a reference to al-Hajj and al-‘Umrah. It refers to both of them performed together because they are obligatory.’ You have asked about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘Complete al-Hajj and al-‘Umrah for the sake of Allah. . .’ (2:196) ‘Completing’ means fulfilling this duty during which one must abstain from whatever a person in the state of Ihram abstains.’ I also asked him (the Imam) about the meaning of the words of Allah, the most High, ‘Al-Hajj al-Akbar’. (9:3) He (the Imam) replied it is staying in ‘Arafat, throwing pebbles on al-Jamar and al-Hajj al-Asghar stands for al-‘Umrah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/139)



2ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لله قَالَ هُمَا مَفْرُوضَانِ.


2. AI-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated, from Mu‘afla’ ibn Muhammad, from al-Hassan ibn Ali, from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from al- Fadl abu af-‘Abbas who has said the following: “About the words of Allah: ‘Complete al-Hajj and al-‘Umrah for the sake of Allah’ (2:196) abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that they are obligatory.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/141)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الْحَجُّ عَلَى الْغَنِيِّ وَالْفَقِيرِ فَقَالَ الْحَجُّ عَلَى النَّاسِ جَمِيعاً كِبَارِهِمْ وَصِغَارِهِمْ فَمَنْ كَانَ لَهُ عُذْرٌ عَذَرَهُ الله.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if al-Hajj is obligatory on both rich and poor people. He (the Imam) said, ‘Al-Hajj is obligatory on all people, grown up ones and small ones, only those who have good reasons Allah accepts their excuse.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/141)



4ـ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْعُمْرَةُ وَاجِبَةٌ عَلَى الْخَلْقِ بِمَنْزِلَةِ الْحَجِّ عَلَى مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ لأَنَّ الله تَعَالَى يَقُولُ وَأَتِمُّوا الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لله وَإِنَّمَا نَزَلَتِ الْعُمْرَةُ بِالْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ فَمَنْ تَمَتَّعَ بِالْعُمْرَةِ إِلَى الْحَجِّ أَ يُجْزِئُ ذَلِكَ عَنْهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


4. Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Al-’Umrah is obligatory on the creatures as al-Hajj is if they are able to perform; Allah, most High, has said, ‘Complete al-Hajj and al-‘Umrah for the sake of Allah.’ (2:196) Al-’Umrah came in al-Madinah.’ I then asked, ‘Those who benefit (al-Tamattu‘) in al-‘Umrah and al-Hajj’, is that kind sufficient?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/142)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ الْبَجَلِيِّ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَمْرَكِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَرَضَ الْحَجَّ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْجِدَةِ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَلله عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً وَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ الله غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعالَمِينَ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَحُجَّ مِنَّا فَقَدْ كَفَرَ قَالَ لا وَلَكِنْ مَنْ قَالَ لَيْسَ هَذَا هَكَذَا فَقَدْ كَفَرَ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Musa ibn al-Qasim al-Bajaliy and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from al-‘Amrakiy ibn Ali all from Ali ibn Ja’far from his brother, , who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam has said that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, made al- Hajj obligatory for people of Jaddah every year because of His words, ‘It is obligatory upon people from Allah to perform al-Hajj who are able to do so. Those who refuse must take notice that Allah is independent of all people.’ (3:96) I then asked him (the Imam); ‘Does one of us for not performing al- Hajj become an unbeliever?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘However, if he says, ‘This is not as such then he becomes one who hides the truth (an unbeliever).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/142)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَرَضَ الْحَجَّ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْجِدَةِ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Hudhayfah ibn Mansur who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has made al-Hajj obligatory on people of Jaddah every year.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/143)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَى الْمَمْلُوكِ حَجٌّ وَلا عُمْرَةٌ حَتَّى يُعْتَقَ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from al-Fadl ibn Yunus who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, Musa, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not obligatory upon a slave to perform al-Hajj or al-‘Umrah until he is free.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/144)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَرِيرٍ الْقُمِّيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْحَجُّ فَرْضٌ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْجِدَةِ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ya’qub ibn Yazid from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Jarir al- Qummiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Performing al-Hajj is obligatory upon people of Jaddah every year.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/144)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَرَضَ الْحَجَّ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْجِدَةِ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Sinan from Hudhayfah ibn Mansur who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has made al-Hajj obligatory on people of Jaddah every year.’”