221. Visiting the Shrines and Graves of Martyrs

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لا تَدَعْ إِتْيَانَ الْمَشَاهِدِ كُلِّهَا مَسْجِدِ قُبَاءَ فَإِنَّهُ الْمَسْجِدُ الَّذِي أُسِّسَ عَلَى التَّقْوَى مِنْ أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ وَمَشْرَبَةِ أُمِّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمَسْجِدِ الْفَضِيخِ وَقُبُورِ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَمَسْجِدِ الأَحْزَابِ وَهُوَ مَسْجِدُ الْفَتْحِ قَالَ وَبَلَغَنَا أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ إِذَا أَتَى قُبُورَ الشُّهَدَاءِ قَالَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمْ بِمَا صَبَرْتُمْ فَنِعْمَ عُقْبَى الدَّارِ وَلْيَكُنْ فِيمَا تَقُولُ عِنْدَ مَسْجِدِ الْفَتْحِ يَا صَرِيخَ الْمَكْرُوبِينَ وَيَا مُجِيبَ دَعْوَةِ الْمُضْطَرِّينَ اكْشِفْ هَمِّي وَغَمِّي وَكَرْبِي كَمَا كَشَفْتَ عَنْ نَبِيِّكَ هَمَّهُ وَغَمَّهُ وَكَرْبَهُ وَكَفَيْتَهُ هَوْلَ عَدُوِّهِ فِي هَذَا الْمَكَانِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr all from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must not ignore visiting all shrines. One is Masjid of al-Quba’. It is the Masjid, which was built with pious intentions from the first day. There are the platform of the mother of Ibrahim, the Masjid of al-Fadikh, the graves of the martyrs, the Masjid of al-Ahzab and the Masjid of al-Fath.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘It has come to our notice that the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, when visiting the graves of the martyrs said, “May Allah grant you peace for your exercising patience. The next life indeed is a happy life.” However, of the things you may say near the Masjid of al-Fath should be this: “O Supporter of one crying for help in distressful conditions, O the One who answers the prayers of the helpless ones, remove my anxiety, sadness and distress. (Remove them) just as You removed the anxiety, sadness and distressfulness from Your Holy Prophet, and supported him against fear from his enemies in this place.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/274)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ هِلالٍ عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّا نَأْتِي الْمَسَاجِدَ الَّتِي حَوْلَ الْمَدِينَةِ فَبِأَيِّهَا أَبْدَأُ فَقَالَ ابْدَأْ بِقُبَا فَصَلِّ فِيهِ وَأَكْثِرْ فَإِنَّهُ أَوَّلُ مَسْجِدٍ صَلَّى فِيهِ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي هَذِهِ الْعَرْصَةِ ثُمَّ ائْتِ مَشْرَبَةَ أُمِّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فَصَلِّ فِيهَا وَهِيَ مَسْكَنُ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَمُصَلاَّهُ ثُمَّ تَأْتِي مَسْجِدَ الْفَضِيخِ فَتُصَلِّي فِيهِ فَقَدْ صَلَّى فِيهِ نَبِيُّكَ فَإِذَا قَضَيْتَ هَذَا الْجَانِبَ أَتَيْتَ جَانِبَ أُحُدٍ فَبَدَأْتَ بِالْمَسْجِدِ الَّذِي دُونَ الْحَرَّةِ فَصَلَّيْتَ فِيهِ ثُمَّ مَرَرْتَ بِقَبْرِ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَسَلَّمْتَ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ مَرَرْتَ بِقُبُورِ الشُّهَدَاءِ فَقُمْتَ عِنْدَهُمْ فَقُلْتَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمْ يَا أَهْلَ الدِّيَارِ أَنْتُمْ لَنَا فَرَطٌ وَإِنَّا بِكُمْ لاحِقُونَ ثُمَّ تَأْتِي الْمَسْجِدَ الَّذِي كَانَ فِي الْمَكَانِ الْوَاسِعِ إِلَى جَنْبِ الْجَبَلِ عَنْ يَمِينِكَ حِينَ تَدْخُلُ أُحُداً فَتُصَلِّي فِيهِ فَعِنْدَهُ خَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِلَى أُحُدٍ حِينَ لَقِيَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَلَمْ يَبْرَحُوا حَتَّى حَضَرَتِ الصَّلاةُ فَصَلَّى فِيهِ ثُمَّ مُرَّ أَيْضاً حَتَّى تَرْجِعَ فَتُصَلِّيَ عِنْدَ قُبُورِ الشُّهَدَاءِ مَا كَتَبَ الله لَكَ ثُمَّ امْضِ عَلَى وَجْهِكَ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ مَسْجِدَ الأَحْزَابِ فَتُصَلِّيَ فِيهِ وَتَدْعُوَ الله فِيهِ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) دَعَا فِيهِ يَوْمَ الأَحْزَابِ وَقَالَ يَا صَرِيخَ الْمَكْرُوبِينَ وَيَا مُجِيبَ دَعْوَةِ الْمُضْطَرِّينَ وَيَا مُغِيثَ الْمَهْمُومِينَ اكْشِفْ هَمِّي وَكَرْبِي وَغَمِّي فَقَدْ تَرَى حَالِي وَحَالَ أَصْحَابِي.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Hilal from ‘Uqbah ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘We go to the Masjids which are around al-Madinah. Which one should we visit first?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘First you should go to Masjid of Quba’. Perform salat (prayer) therein a great deal; it is the first Masjid where the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed salat (prayer) in this area. Then you should go to Mushrabah of mother of Ibrahim and perform salat (prayer) therein. This place is the living quarter of the Messenger of Allah where he performed salat (prayer). Then you should go to the Masjid of al-Fadikh and perform salat (prayer) therein. In this place, Your prophet performed salat (prayer). When you complete your visit of this side then go to the side of ‘Uhud. First you should go to the Masjid which is before al-Hurrah, perform salat (prayer) there, then visit the grave of Hamzah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib and offer him your greeting of peace. Then you should visit the graves of the martyrs standing nearby and say, “May (Allah’s) favors be with you, O inhabitants of this dwelling. You have left and we are about to join you.” Thereafter you should go to the Masjid, which was in the open area on the side of the hill on the right side when entering ‘Uhud. Perform salat (prayer) therein. The Holy Prophet had left for ‘Uhud from this place to face the pagans. They remained there until the time for salat (prayer) and he performed salat (prayer) therein. Thereafter you should go on to perform salat (prayer) near the graves of the martyrs (to gain) what Allah has written for you. Thereafter go forward until you come to the Masjid of al-Ahzab, perform salat (prayer) therein and say what the Messenger of Allah had said, “O Supporter of one crying for help in distressful conditions, O the One who answers the prayers of the helpless ones, remove my anxiety, sadness and distress. You are watching my condition and the condition of my companions.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/275)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ عَاشَتْ فَاطِمَةُ س بَعْدَ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) خَمْسَةً وَسَبْعِينَ يَوْماً لَمْ تُرَ كَاشِرَةً وَلا ضَاحِكَةً تَأْتِي قُبُورَ الشُّهَدَاءِ فِي كُلِّ جُمْعَةٍ مَرَّتَيْنِ الإِثْنَيْنِ وَالْخَمِيسَ فَتَقُولُ هَاهُنَا كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَهَاهُنَا كَانَ الْمُشْرِكُونَ وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى أَبَانٌ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تُصَلِّي هُنَاكَ وَتَدْعُو حَتَّى مَاتَتْ ع.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Al-Nadr ibn al-Suwayd from Hisham ibn Salim who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘Fatimah, ‘Alayha al-Salam, lived for seventy-five days after the death of the Messenger of Allah. During this time, she was never seen laughing or smiling. Every week she would go twice to the gravesites of the martyrs, once on Monday and on Thursdays, and say, ‘There was the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and there were the pagans.”’ In another Hadith, Aban has narrated from those whom he has mentioned from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following: “She would perform salat (prayer) there and pray until she died.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/275)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ لَيْثٍ الْمُرَادِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ مَسْجِدِ الْفَضِيخِ لِمَ سُمِّيَ مَسْجِدَ الْفَضِيخِ فَقَالَ لِنَخْلٍ يُسَمَّى الْفَضِيخَ فَلِذَلِكَ سُمِّيَ مَسْجِدَ الْفَضِيخِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Mufaddal ibn Salih from Layth al-Muradiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘Why Masjid of al-Fadikh is called Masjid of al- Fadikh?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is because of a palm tree that was called al-Fadikh and for this reason it is called Masjid of al-Fadikh.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/276)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) هَلْ أَتَيْتُمْ مَسْجِدَ قُبَاءَ أَوْ مَسْجِدَ الْفَضِيخِ أَوْ مَشْرَبَةَ أُمِّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَبْقَ مِنْ آثَارِ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) شَيْ‏ءٌ إِلاَّ وَقَدْ غُيِّرَ غَيْرَ هَذَا.


5. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ibn Muskan from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once asked, ‘Have you gone to Masjid of Quba’, or Masjid of al- Fadikh, or Mashrabah of mother of Ibrahim?’ I replied, ‘Yes, I have done so.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No other thing of the things reminding of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, is left that is not changed except this.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/276)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى قَالَ دَخَلْتُ أَنَا وَأَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَسْجِدَ الْفَضِيخِ فَقَالَ يَا عَمَّارُ تَرَى هَذِهِ الْوَهْدَةَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ كَانَتِ امْرَأَةُ جَعْفَرٍ الَّتِي خَلَفَ عَلَيْهَا أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَاعِدَةً فِي هَذَا الْمَوْضِعِ وَمَعَهَا ابْنَاهَا مِنْ جَعْفَرٍ فَبَكَتْ فَقَالَ لَهَا ابْنَاهَا مَا يُبْكِيكِ يَا أُمَّهْ قَالَتْ بَكَيْتُ لأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالا لَهَا تَبْكِينَ لأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلا تَبْكِينَ لأَبِينَا قَالَتْ لَيْسَ هَذَا هَكَذَا وَلَكِنْ ذَكَرْتُ حَدِيثاً حَدَّثَنِي بِهِ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي هَذَا الْمَوْضِعِ فَأَبْكَانِي قَالا وَمَا هُوَ قَالَتْ كُنْتُ أَنَا وَأَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فِي هَذَا الْمَسْجِدِ فَقَالَ لِي تَرَيْنَ هَذِهِ الْوَهْدَةَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ كُنْتُ أَنَا وَرَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَاعِدَيْنِ فِيهَا إِذْ وَضَعَ رَأْسَهُ فِي حَجْرِي ثُمَّ خَفَقَ حَتَّى غَطَّ وَحَضَرَتْ صَلاةُ الْعَصْرِ فَكَرِهْتُ أَنْ أُحَرِّكَ رَأْسَهُ عَنْ فَخِذِي فَأَكُونَ قَدْ آذَيْتُ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حَتَّى ذَهَبَ الْوَقْتُ وَفَاتَتْ فَانْتَبَهَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَقَالَ يَا عَلِيُّ صَلَّيْتَ قُلْتُ لا قَالَ وَلِمَ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ كَرِهْتُ أَنْ أُوذِيَكَ قَالَ فَقَامَ وَاسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَةَ وَمَدَّ يَدَيْهِ كِلْتَيْهِمَا وَقَالَ اللهمَّ رُدَّ الشَّمْسَ إِلَى وَقْتِهَا حَتَّى يُصَلِّيَ عَلِيٌّ فَرَجَعَتِ الشَّمْسُ إِلَى وَقْتِ الصَّلاةِ حَتَّى صَلَّيْتُ الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ انْقَضَّتْ انْقِضَاضَ الْكَوْكَبِ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Musa ibn Ja’far from ‘Umar ibn Sa‘id from al-Hassan ibn Sadaqah from ‘Ammar ibn Musa who has said the following: “I once visited abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and I entered Masjid of al-Fadikh. He (the Imam) asked, ‘O ‘Ammar, do you see this depression of land?’ I replied, ‘Yes, I see it.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Wife of Ja’far who married ’Amir al-Mu’minin once was sitting at this place with her two sons from Ja’far. She wept and her sons asked, ‘Mother, what has made you weep?’ She replied, ‘I wept for ’Amir al-Mu’minin.’ They asked, ‘Mother, why do you weep for ’Amir al-Mu’minin but not for our father?’ She replied, ‘It is not that way. I wept because of a Hadith I remembered from ’Amir al- Mu’minin narrated to me at this place and that made me weep.’ They asked, ‘What is that Hadith?’ She then said, ‘Once ’Amir al-Mu’minin and I were in this Masjid. He asked, ‘Do you see this depression in the land?’ I replied, ‘Yes, I see it.’ He then said, ‘Once the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, and I were sitting in there. He (the Messenger of Allah) placed his head in my lap and went to sleep until he began to snore. It became time for al-‘Asr salat (prayer) but I did not like to move his head from my lap which may have caused any trouble to the Messenger of Allah. Time went by and al-‘Asr salat (prayer) was missed. The Messenger of Allah woke up and asked, ‘O Ali, did you perform salat (prayer)?’ I replied, ‘No, I did not do so.’ He asked, ‘Why did you not perform salat (prayer)?’ I replied, ‘I did not like to cause you any trouble.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He (the Messenger of Allah) stood up facing the direction of Ka‘bah and stretched his both hands and said, “O Allah, return the sun to its time so Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, can perform his salat (prayer).” The sun returned to the time for salat (prayer) for such a period of time in which he could perform al-‘Asr salat (prayer) and then it went by like a star.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/276)