211. The Case of One Who Sends an Offering Animal Voluntarily but Himself Stays at Home

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ بَعَثَ بِهَدْيٍ مَعَ قَوْمٍ وَوَاعَدَهُمْ يَوْمَ يُقَلِّدُونَ فِيهِ هَدْيَهُمْ وَيُحْرِمُونَ فِيهِ فَقَالَ يَحْرُمُ عَلَيْهِ مَا يَحْرُمُ عَلَى الْمُحْرِمِ فِي الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي وَاعَدَهُمْ حَتَّى يَبْلُغَ الْهَدْيُ مَحِلَّهُ فَقُلْتُ أَ رَأَيْتَ إِنْ أَخْلَفُوا فِي مِيعَادِهِمْ وَأَبْطَئُوا فِي السَّيْرِ عَلَيْهِ جُنَاحٌ فِي الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي وَاعَدَهُمْ قَالَ لا وَيَحِلُّ فِي الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي وَاعَدَهُمْ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who sends an animal for offering with a people, sets the time when they mark their animals for offering and assuming the state of Ihram. He (the Imam) said, ‘At such time all things unlawful for them become unlawful for him until the animal for offering reaches its destination.’ I then asked, ‘What will happen if they cannot reach in the appointed time which is set up?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must not become as one not in the state of Ihram on the appointed day which he has set up with them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/241)



2ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَانَ يَبْعَثُ بِهَدْيِهِ ثُمَّ يُمْسِكُ عَمَّا يُمْسِكُ عَنْهُ الْمُحْرِمُ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ لا يُلَبِّي وَيُوَاعِدُهُمْ يَوْمَ يُنْحَرُ فِيهِ بَدَنَةٌ فَيَحِلُّ.


2. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn m h ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban from Salmah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would send an animal for offering. He would then stay away from all things from which a person in the state of Ihram stays away, except that he would not say Talbiyah. He would set up a time in which they were to slaughter the badanah and thereafter he would become as one not in the state of Ihram.’” NOTE: (Fatwa best explains Hadith 1-2 of this Chapter)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/242)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَبْعَثُ بِالْهَدْيِ تَطَوُّعاً لَيْسَ بِوَاجِبٍ قَالَ يُوَاعِدُ أَصْحَابَهُ يَوْماً فَيُقَلِّدُونَهُ فَإِذَا كَانَتْ تِلْكَ السَّاعَةُ اجْتَنَبَ عَمَّا يَجْتَنِبُ الْمُحْرِمُ إِلَى يَوْمِ النَّحْرِ فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ النَّحْرِ أَجْزَأَ عَنْهُ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Am mar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who, optionally, not obligatory, sends an offering animal (to be offered as sacrifice) with other people. He (the Imam) said, ‘He sets up with his friends a day. They tag the offering animal. When that hour comes he stays away from things that are not lawful in the state of Ihram up to the tenth day of Dhu al-Hajjah. When it is the tenth day, his offering is considered sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/242)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ قَالَ إِنَّ مُرَاداً بَعَثَ بِبَدَنَةٍ وَأَمَرَ أَنْ تُقَلَّدَ وَتُشْعَرَ فِي يَوْمِ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّمَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ لا يَلْبَسَ الثِّيَابَ فَبَعَثَنِي إِلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِالْحِيرَةِ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ مُرَاداً صَنَعَ كَذَا وَكَذَا وَإِنَّهُ لا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يَتْرُكَ الثِّيَابَ لِمَكَانِ زِيَادٍ فَقَالَ مُرْهُ أَنْ يَلْبَسَ الثِّيَابَ وَلْيَذْبَحْ بَقَرَةً يَوْمَ الأَضْحَى عَنْ نَفْسِهِ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Flarun ibn Kharijah who has said the following: “Murad once sent a badanah as offering and commanded to mark and tag it on such and such day. I then said that it is proper not to wear clothes. He then sent me to ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in al- Hirah, (a place in Iraq). I said to him (the Imam) that Murad has done such and such things and he is not able to ignore the clothes because of Ziyad. He (the Imam) said, ‘Instruct him to wear the clothes and slaughter a cow on the day of al-Adha’ for himself.’” NOTE:(Fatwa best explains Hadith 4)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/243)