210. The Case of One Who During Al-’Umrah Is Involved in Carnal Relations With His Wife and the Expiation Therefor

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ اعْتَمَرَ عُمْرَةً مُفْرَدَةً فَوَطِئَ أَهْلَهُ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَفْرُغَ مِنْ طَوَافِهِ وَسَعْيِهِ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ لِفَسَادِ عُمْرَتِهِ وَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُقِيمَ بِمَكَّةَ حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ شَهْرٌ آخَرُ فَيَخْرُجَ إِلَى بَعْضِ الْمَوَاقِيتِ فَيُحْرِمَ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ يَعْتَمِرَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ahmad ibn abu Ali who has said the following: “About the case of a man for al-Mufradah al- £ Umrah who involves himself in sexual intercourse with his wife in the state of Ihram before performing Tawaf and Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah, he (the Imam) said, ‘He has invalidated his al-‘Umrah. He owes a badanah and he must stay in Makkah until next month, so that he can go to a Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram), assume the state of Ihram and perform al-‘Umrah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/239)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ مِسْمَعٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَعْتَمِرُ عُمْرَةً مُفْرَدَةً وَيَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ طَوَافَ الْفَرِيضَةِ ثُمَّ يَغْشَى أَهْلَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَسْعَى بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ قَالَ قَدْ أَفْسَدَ عُمْرَتَهُ وَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ وَيُقِيمُ بِمَكَّةَ مُحِلاًّ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ الشَّهْرُ الَّذِي اعْتَمَرَ فِيهِ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ إِلَى الْوَقْتِ الَّذِي وَقَّتَهُ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لأَهْلِ بِلادِهِ فَيُحْرِمُ مِنْهُ وَيَعْتَمِرُ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Misma’ who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is for Mufradah al-‘Umrah, performs Tawaf around the House as obligatory Tawaf; then involves in sexual intercourse with his wife before Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. He (the Imam) said, ‘He has invalidated his al-‘Umrah and owes one badanah. He must stay in Makkah out of the state of Ihram until the month in which he has performed al-‘Umrah passes. Thereafter he must go to one of the Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) designated by the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, for the people of his land and assume the state of Ihram from there to perform al-‘Umrah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/240)



3ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قَالَ مَنْ جَاءَ بِهَدْيٍ فِي عُمْرَةٍ فِي غَيْرِ حَجٍّ فَلْيَنْحَرْهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ رَأْسَهُ.


3. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban from Zurarah who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who brings an animal for offering in al-‘Umrah without al-Hajj must slaughter it before shaving his head.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/240)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُعْتَمِرُ إِذَا سَاقَ الْهَدْيَ يَحْلِقُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ.


4. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who drives an animal for offering in al-‘Umrah without al-Hajj must slaughter it before shaving.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/241)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْكُوفِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَنْ سَاقَ هَدْياً فِي عُمْرَةٍ فَلْيَنْحَرْهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَحْلِقَ وَمَنْ سَاقَ هَدْياً وَهُوَ مُعْتَمِرٌ نَحَرَ هَدْيَهُ بِالْمَنْحَرِ وَهُوَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ وَهِيَ الْحَزْوَرَةُ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ كَفَّارَةِ الْعُمْرَةِ أَيْنَ تَكُونُ فَقَالَ بِمَكَّةَ إِلاَّ أَنْ يُؤَخِّرَهَا إِلَى الْحَجِّ فَيَكُونَ بِمِنًى وَتَعْجِيلُهَا أَفْضَلُ وَأَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ.


5. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Kufiy from Ali ibn Mahziyar from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who drives an animal for offering in al-‘Umrah, must slaughter it before shaving his head. One who drives an animal for offering, in al-‘Umrah must slaughter it in slaughtering place which is between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah and it is al-Hazwarah.’ I asked him (the Imam) about the place of applying expiation for al-‘Umrah. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is in Makkah, unless he delays it until the time for al-Hajj, when it is in Mina’; but applying it earlier is more virtuous and more beloved to me.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/241)