201. Excellence of Performing Salat (Prayer) in Masjid al-Haram (the Sacred Masjid) and the Best Place Therein

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ أَفْضَلِ مَوْضِعٍ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ يُصَلَّى فِيهِ قَالَ الْحَطِيمُ مَا بَيْنَ الْحَجَرِ وَبَابِ الْبَيْتِ قُلْتُ وَالَّذِي يَلِي ذَلِكَ فِي الْفَضْلِ فَذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ عِنْدَ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قُلْتُ ثُمَّ الَّذِي يَلِيهِ فِي الْفَضْلِ قَالَ فِي الْحِجْرِ قُلْتُ ثُمَّ الَّذِي يَلِي ذَلِكَ قَالَ كُلَّمَا دَنَا مِنَ الْبَيْتِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the most excellent place for salat (prayer) in Masjid al-Haram (the Sacred Masjid). He (the Imam) replied, ’It is al-Hatim, between the Black Stone and the door of the house.’ I then asked, ‘Which place is excellent thereafter?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is Maqam of Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam .’ I then asked which one is excellent thereafter?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is inside al-Hijr.’ I then asked, ‘Which is excellent thereafter?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Whichever is closer to the House.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/221)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الصَّلاةُ فِي الْحَرَمِ كُلِّهِ سَوَاءٌ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عُبَيْدَةَ مَا الصَّلاةُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ كُلِّهِ سَوَاءً فَكَيْفَ يَكُونُ فِي الْحَرَمِ كُلِّهِ سَوَاءً قُلْتُ فَأَيُّ بِقَاعِهِ أَفْضَلُ قَالَ مَا بَيْنَ الْبَابِ إِلَى الْحَجَرِ الأَسْوَدِ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from abu ‘Ubaydah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if performing Salat (prayer) in all of al-Haram (the sacred area) is of the same degree of virtue. He (the Imam) said, ‘O abu ‘Ubaydah, all Salat (prayer) in Masjid al-Haram are not of the same degree of virtue; then how can it be the same in all of al-Haram (the sacred area)?’ I then asked, ‘Which part of it is more excellent?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is between the door and the Black Stone.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/221)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمُلْتَزَمِ لأَيِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يُلْتَزَمُ وَأَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يُذْكَرُ فِيهِ فَقَالَ عِنْدَهُ نَهَرٌ مِنْ أَنْهَارِ الْجَنَّةِ تُلْقَى فِيهِ أَعْمَالُ الْعِبَادِ عِنْدَ كُلِّ خَمِيسٍ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Yunus who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Multazam, for what reason it is held and what is said in it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Nearby there is a canal of the canals of paradise in which the deeds of the servants (of Allah) are thrown every Thursday.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/222)



4ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْكَاهِلِيِّ قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ أَكْثِرُوا مِنَ الصَّلاةِ وَالدُّعَاءِ فِي هَذَا الْمَسْجِدِ أَمَا إِنَّ لِكُلِّ عَبْدٍ رِزْقاً يُجَازُ إِلَيْهِ جَوْزاً.


4. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Kahiliy who has said the following: “Once we were with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and he said, ‘You must say a great deal of Salat (prayer) and supplications in this Masjid. There is no doubt that for every servant (of Allah) there is a certain share of sustenance that is passed to him undeniably.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/222)



5ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ عَنْ صَامِتٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) قَالَ الصَّلاةُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ تَعْدِلُ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ صَلاةٍ.


5. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn abu Salmah from Flarun ibn Kharijah from Samet who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated from his ancestors, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, who have said that performing Salat (prayer) in Masjid al-Haram is equal to one hundred thousand Salat (prayer) elsewhere.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/222)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) قَالَ الصَّلاةُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ تَعْدِلُ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ صَلاةٍ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has narrated from his ancestors, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, who have said that performing Salat (prayer) in Masjid al-Haram is equal to one hundred thousand Salat (prayer) elsewhere.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/222)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَقُومُ أُصَلِّي بِمَكَّةَ وَالْمَرْأَةُ بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ جَالِسَةٌ أَوْ مَارَّةٌ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ إِنَّمَا سُمِّيَتْ بَكَّةَ لأَنَّهَا تَبُكُّ فِيهَا الرِّجَالُ وَالنِّسَاءُ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I stand up for Salat (prayer) in Makkah and a woman is sitting in front of me or is passing. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful. It is called Bakkah because both men and women weep there.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/222)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ قَالَ قَالَ لَهُ الطَّيَّارُ وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ هَذَا الَّذِي زِيدَ هُوَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَبْلُغُوا بَعْدُ مَسْجِدَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “Al-Tayyar once said to him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when I also was present, ‘This thing which is added, is it of Masjid? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, it is of Masjid, they still have not reached Masjid of Ibrahim and ‘Isma‘il, May Allah grant both of them favors.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/223)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي بِمَكَّةَ يَجْعَلُ الْمَقَامَ خَلْفَ ظَهْرِهِ وَهُوَ مُسْتَقْبِلُ الْقِبْلَةِ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ يُصَلِّي حَيْثُ شَاءَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ بَيْنَ يَدَيِ الْمَقَامِ أَوْ خَلْفَهُ وَأَفْضَلُهُ الْحَطِيمُ وَالْحِجْرُ وَعِنْدَ الْمَقَامِ وَالْحَطِيمُ حِذَاءَ الْبَابِ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Aban from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Salat (prayer) in Makkah with Maqam (station) of Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam, behind him, facing al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful. He can perform Salat (prayer) anywhere in the Masjid, in front or behind Maqam (station) of Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam. More virtuous is al-Hatim and al-Hijr, near Maqam (station) of Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam and al-Hatim is in front of the door.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/223)



10ـ فَضَالَةُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ حَقُّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِمَكَّةَ مَا بَيْنَ الْحَزْوَرَةِ إِلَى الْمَسْعَى فَذَلِكَ الَّذِي كَانَ خَطَّهُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَعْنِي الْمَسْجِدَ.


10. Fadalah ibn Ayyub has narrated from ‘ Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The right of Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam was from al- Hazwarah to al-Mas‘a’; so it is the quarter which Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam had marked, that is, the area of the Masjid.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/223)



11ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي فِي جَمَاعَةٍ فِي مَنْزِلِهِ بِمَكَّةَ أَفْضَلُ أَوْ وَحْدَهُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ فَقَالَ وَحْدَهُ.


11. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if a man performs Salat (prayer) in congregation in his home in Makkah is better or his performing Salat (prayer) in Masjid al-Haram alone. He (the Imam) said, ‘His performing Salat (prayer) in Masjid al-Haram alone is better.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/224)



12ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْحَطِيمِ فَقَالَ هُوَ مَا بَيْنَ الْحَجَرِ الأَسْوَدِ وَبَيْنَ الْبَابِ وَسَأَلْتُهُ لِمَ سُمِّيَ الْحَطِيمَ فَقَالَ لأَنَّ النَّاسَ يَحْطِمُ بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضاً هُنَاكَ.


12. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from ibn Faddal from Tha’labah from Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Hatim as to why it is called al-Hatim (clashing). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is because people there collide against each other.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/224)