200. Performing Salat (prayer) in Complete Form in the Two Sacred Places

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ شَيْبَةَ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَسْأَلُهُ عَنْ إِتْمَامِ الصَّلاةِ فِي الْحَرَمَيْنِ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيَّ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يُحِبُّ إِكْثَارَ الصَّلاةِ فِي الْحَرَمَيْنِ فَأَكْثِرْ فِيهِمَا وَأَتِمَّ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Ibrahim ibn Shaybah who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asking him about performing salat (prayer) in complete form in the two sacred places. He (the Imam) wrote back for me, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, liked to perform a great deal of salat (prayer) in the two sacred places. You should also do so, that is, you should perform in complete form.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/219)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ إِتْمَامِ الصَّلاةِ وَالصِّيَامِ فِي الْحَرَمَيْنِ فَقَالَ أَتِمَّهَا وَلَوْ صَلاةً وَاحِدَةً.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about performing Salat (prayer) in complete form and fasting in the two al-Haram (the sacred places); Masjid al-Haram and Masjid of al-Madinah. He (the Imam) said, ‘You should perform Salat (prayer) in complete form, even if it is one Salat (prayer).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/220)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ التَّقْصِيرِ بِمَكَّةَ فَقَالَ أَتِمَّ وَلَيْسَ بِوَاجِبٍ إِلاَّ أَنِّي أُحِبُّ لَكَ مَا أُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِي.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from Ali ibn Yaqtin who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about performing Salat (prayer) in reduced form in Makkah. He (the Imam) said, ‘You should perform in complete form; but it is not obligatory, except that I like for you what I like for myself.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/220)



4ـ يُونُسُ عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ مَرْوَانَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ إِتْمَامِ الصَّلاةِ فِي الْحَرَمَيْنِ فَقَالَ أُحِبُّ لَكَ مَا أُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِي أَتِمَّ الصَّلاةَ.


4. Yunus has narrated from Ziyad ibn Marwan who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about performing Salat (prayer) in complete form in the two al-Haram (the sacred places), (Masjid al-Haram and Masjid of al-Madinah). He (the Imam) said, ‘I like for you what I like for myself. You should perform Salat (prayer) in complete form.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/220)



5ـ يُونُسُ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ مِنَ الْمَذْخُورِ الإِتْمَامَ فِي الْحَرَمَيْنِ.


5. Yunus has narrated from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is a saving to perform Salat (prayer) in complete form in the two al-Haram (the sacred places), (Masjid al-Haram and Masjid of al-Madinah).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/220)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الْمُخْتَارِ عَنْ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّا إِذَا دَخَلْنَا مَكَّةَ وَالْمَدِينَةَ نُتِمُّ أَوْ نَقْصُرُ قَالَ إِنْ قَصَرْتَ فَذَاكَ وَإِنْ أَتْمَمْتَ فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ يَزْدَادُ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Al-Husayn ibn al-Mukhtar who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘When we enter Makkah or al-Madinah, should we perform Salat (prayer) in complete or reduced form?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If you perform in reduced form it is what it is; and if you perform in complete form it, then is an increasing good.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/220)



7ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مِسْمَعٍ عَنْ أَبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي يَرَى لِهَذَيْنِ الْحَرَمَيْنِ مَا لا يَرَاهُ لِغَيْرِهِمَا وَيَقُولُ إِنَّ الإِتْمَامَ فِيهِمَا مِنَ الأَمْرِ الْمَذْخُورِ.


7. Humayd ibn Ziyad from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Misma’ who has said the following: “Abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘My father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would see for these two al- Haram (the sacred area) what he would not see for other places and say that performing Salat (prayer) therein in complete form is of the saving matters.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/220)



8ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّ الرِّوَايَةَ قَدِ اخْتَلَفَتْ عَنْ آبَائِكَ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلاَم) فِي الإِتْمَامِ وَالتَّقْصِيرِ فِي الْحَرَمَيْنِ فَمِنْهَا بِأَنْ يُتِمَّ الصَّلاةَ وَلَوْ صَلاةً وَاحِدَةً وَمِنْهَا أَنْ يُقَصِّرَ مَا لَمْ يَنْوِ مُقَامَ عَشَرَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَلَمْ أَزَلْ عَلَى الإِتْمَامِ فِيهَا إِلَى أَنْ صَدَرْنَا فِي حَجِّنَا فِي عَامِنَا هَذَا فَإِنَّ فُقَهَاءَ أَصْحَابِنَا أَشَارُوا عَلَيَّ بِالتَّقْصِيرِ إِذْ كُنْتُ لا أَنْوِي مُقَامَ عَشَرَةِ أَيَّامٍ فَصِرْتُ إِلَى التَّقْصِيرِ وَقَدْ ضِقْتُ بِذَلِكَ حَتَّى أَعْرِفَ رَأْيَكَ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيَّ بِخَطِّهِ قَدْ عَلِمْتَ يَرْحَمُكَ الله فَضْلَ الصَّلاةِ فِي الْحَرَمَيْنِ عَلَى غَيْرِهِمَا فَإِنِّي أُحِبُّ لَكَ إِذَا دَخَلْتَهُمَا أَنْ لا تَقْصُرَ وَتُكْثِرَ فِيهِمَا الصَّلاةَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ بِسَنَتَيْنِ مُشَافَهَةً إِنِّي كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْكَ بِكَذَا وَأَجَبْتَنِي بِكَذَا فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقُلْتُ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَعْنِي بِالْحَرَمَيْنِ فَقَالَ مَكَّةَ وَالْمَدِينَةَ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from all from Ali ibn Mahziyar from who has said the following: “I once wrote to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that Ahadith from your ancestors about performing Salat (prayer) in the two al-Haram (the Sacred places) in complete form exist in disagreement. Certain ones say that it is in complete form even if it is just one Salat (prayer) and others say that it is in reduced form unless you decide to stay there for ten days. I however continue to perform in complete form until this year during our al-Hajj, when our scholars of fiqh advised me to perform in reduced form because I did not intend to stay for ten days; so I turned to reduced form and I remain stressed until I receive your instruction. He (the Imam) wrote to me with his own hand writing, ‘You have come to know, may Allah grant you blessings, of the virtue of the performing Salat (prayer) in the two al-Haram (the Sacred places), over the other places; thus I like for you that when you enter them not to perform your Salat (prayer) in reduced form. You should perform a great deal of Salat (prayer) therein.’ I then after two years spoke to him about it face to face saying, ‘I wrote to you about such and such issues and you answered as such and such.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, so it was.’ I then asked, ‘What do you mean by the two al-Haram (the Sacred places)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is Makkah and al-Madinah.’” NOTE: Fatwa best explains Hadith 2-8 of this Chapter)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/221)