197. Performing Salat (Prayer) in the Masjid of Mina and Who Is Obligated to Perform Salat (prayer) in Full or in Short Form

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ أَهْلَ مَكَّةَ إِذَا زَارُوا الْبَيْتَ وَدَخَلُوا مَنَازِلَهُمْ أَتَمُّوا وَإِذَا لَمْ يَدْخُلُوا مَنَازِلَهُمْ قَصَّرُوا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In the case of people of Makkah when they visit the House, then enter their lodgings; they perform their Salat (prayer) complete, but if they do not enter their lodging, they perform in the form of Taqsir (reduced Salat (prayer) as on a journey after traveling a certain distance).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/210)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ أَهْلَ مَكَّةَ إِذَا خَرَجُوا حُجَّاجاً قَصَّرُوا وَإِذَا زَارُوا وَرَجَعُوا إِلَى مَنَازِلِهِمْ أَتَمُّوا.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If people of Makkah come out as Hajj (pilgrims) they perform their Salat (prayer) in Taqsir (reduced Salat (prayer) as on a journey after traveling a certain distance), but when they visit and return to their lodging they perform complete.’” NOTE: Fatwa best explains Hadith 1-2 of this Chapter


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/210)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ حَجَّ النَّبِيُّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَأَقَامَ بِمِنًى ثَلاثاً يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ صَنَعَ ذَلِكَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَصَنَعَ ذَلِكَ عُمَرُ ثُمَّ صَنَعَ ذَلِكَ عُثْمَانُ سِتَّةَ سِنِينَ ثُمَّ أَكْمَلَهَا عُثْمَانُ أَرْبَعاً فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ أَرْبَعاً ثُمَّ تَمَارَضَ لِيَشُدَّ بِذَلِكَ بِدْعَتَهُ فَقَالَ لِلْمُؤَذِّنِ اذْهَبْ إِلَى عَلِيٍّ فَقُلْ لَهُ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ الْعَصْرَ فَأَتَى الْمُؤَذِّنُ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ لَهُ إِنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ عُثْمَانَ يَأْمُرُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ بِالنَّاسِ الْعَصْرَ فَقَالَ إِذَنْ لا أُصَلِّي إِلاَّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ كَمَا صَلَّى رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَذَهَبَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ فَأَخْبَرَ عُثْمَانَ بِمَا قَالَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ اذْهَبْ إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْ لَهُ إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ مِنْ هَذَا فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ اذْهَبْ فَصَلِّ كَمَا تُؤْمَرُ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) لا وَالله لا أَفْعَلُ فَخَرَجَ عُثْمَانُ فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ أَرْبَعاً فَلَمَّا كَانَ فِي خِلافَةِ مُعَاوِيَةَ وَاجْتَمَعَ النَّاسُ عَلَيْهِ وَقُتِلَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) حَجَّ مُعَاوِيَةُ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ بِمِنًى رَكْعَتَيْنِ الظُّهْرَ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ فَنَظَرَتْ بَنُو أُمَيَّةَ بَعْضُهُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ وَثَقِيفٌ وَمَنْ كَانَ مِنْ شِيعَةِ عُثْمَانَ ثُمَّ قَالُوا قَدْ قَضَى عَلَى صَاحِبِكُمْ وَخَالَفَ وَأَشْمَتَ بِهِ عَدُوَّهُ فَقَامُوا فَدَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالُوا أَ تَدْرِي مَا صَنَعْتَ مَا زِدْتَ عَلَى أَنْ قَضَيْتَ عَلَى صَاحِبِنَا وَأَشْمَتَّ بِهِ عَدُوَّهُ وَرَغِبْتَ عَنْ صَنِيعِهِ وَسُنَّتِهِ فَقَالَ وَيْلَكُمْ أَ مَا تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) صَلَّى فِي هَذَا الْمَكَانِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ وَصَلَّى صَاحِبُكُمْ سِتَّ سِنِينَ كَذَلِكَ فَتَأْمُرُونِّي أَنْ أَدَعَ سُنَّةَ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَمَا صَنَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ وَعُثْمَانُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُحْدِثَ فَقَالُوا لا وَالله مَا نَرْضَى عَنْكَ إِلاَّ بِذَلِكَ قَالَ فَأَقِيلُوا فَإِنِّي مُشَفِّعُكُمْ وَرَاجِعٌ إِلَى سُنَّةِ صَاحِبِكُمْ فَصَلَّى الْعَصْرَ أَرْبَعاً فَلَمْ يَزَلِ الْخُلَفَاءُ وَالأُمَرَاءُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ إِلَى الْيَوْمِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah from Zurarah who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed al-Hajj and stayed in Mina for three days praying two Rak‘ats in each salat (prayer). Abu Bakr also did the same way. Then ‘Umar did in the same way. Thereafter, ‘Uthman did the same way for six years. He then performed four Rak‘at in full. He performed al-Zuhr four Rak‘ats, then he pretended to be ill so he can establish his setup of innovation. He told the person calling Adhan, “Go to Ali and tell him to lead al-‘Asr salat (prayer) for the people.” He went to Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and said, “’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Uthman commands you to lead salat (prayer) with people.” He (the Imam) said, “I will only perform two Rak‘ats just as the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, had done.” The person calling Adhan went back and informed ‘Uthman about it. He, ‘Uthman, said, “Go to him and tell him, ‘This is not up to you to decide. Go and lead salat (prayer) with people as you are commanded.’” Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, “No by Allah, I will not do so.” ‘Uthman then went and led salat (prayer) with people; four Rak‘ats. During the rule of Mu‘awiyah, when people had gathered around him and ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was martyred, Mu‘awiyah performed al-Hajj. In Mina’ he led al-Zuhr salat (prayer) with people in two Rak‘ats, and finished with Salam. The Amawides looked to each other, so also did Thaqif people as well as Shi`a of ‘Uthman. They then said, “He struck a blow to your companion (‘Uthman), opposed him and made his enemies to ridicule him.” They stood up and went to meet Mu‘awiyah. They said, “Do you know that you, by not increasing, have struck a blow to our companion, ‘Uthman, made his enemies to ridicule him, deviated from his tradition and deeds.” He replied, “Fie upon you, do you not know that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed salat (prayer) in this place, two Rak‘ats (in short form) as well as abu Bakr and ‘Umar and also your companion for six years? Now you command me to give up the tradition of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, what abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman had done before he (‘Uthman) invented (the innovation)” They said, “No by Allah, we will not agree with you until you do that.” He then said, “I ask you to pardon me and I accept your intercession on his behalf. I return to the tradition of your companion.” He performed al-‘Asr salat (prayer) in four Rak‘ats. From that time on, the Khalifah and rulers continued performing salat (prayer) in Mina in complete form to this day.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/211)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ صَلِّ فِي مَسْجِدِ الْخَيْفِ وَهُوَ مَسْجِدُ مِنًى وَكَانَ مَسْجِدُ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَلَى عَهْدِهِ عِنْدَ الْمَنَارَةِ الَّتِي فِي وَسَطِ الْمَسْجِدِ وَفَوْقُهَا إِلَى الْقِبْلَةِ نَحْواً مِنْ ثَلاثِينَ ذِرَاعاً وَعَنْ يَمِينِهَا وَعَنْ يَسَارِهَا وَخَلْفِهَا نَحْواً مِنْ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ فَتَحَرَّ ذَلِكَ فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ يَكُونَ مُصَلاَّكَ فِيهِ فَافْعَلْ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ صَلَّى فِيهِ أَلْفُ نَبِيٍّ وَإِنَّمَا سُمِّيَ الْخَيْفَ لأَنَّهُ مُرْتَفِعٌ عَنِ الْوَادِي وَمَا ارْتَفَعَ عَنْهُ يُسَمَّى خَيْفاً.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You should perform Salat (prayer) in Masjid al-Khif, it is Masjid of Mina’. The Masjid of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, was near the minaret in the center of the Masjid. Above this place toward al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah) is thirty yards as well as from its right, left and backsides. If you can perform Salat (prayer) there then do so because one thousand prophets have performed Salat (prayer) there. It is called al-Khif because it is higher than the valley and what is higher is called Khif.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/211)



5ـ مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّ أَهْلَ مَكَّةَ يُتِمُّونَ الصَّلاةَ بِعَرَفَاتٍ فَقَالَ وَيْلَهُمْ أَوْ وَيْحَهُمْ وَأَيُّ سَفَرٍ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُ لا لا يُتِمُّ.


5. Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar has narrated the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that people of Makkah perform their Salat (prayer) in complete form when they are in ‘Arafat. He (the Imam) said, ‘Woe is upon them’ or ‘Fie upon them, which journey is more intense than that. No, Salat (prayer) is not complete in ‘Arafat.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/212)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ صَلِّ سِتَّ رَكَعَاتٍ فِي مَسْجِدِ مِنًى فِي أَصْلِ الصَّوْمَعَةِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Perform six Rak‘at Salat (prayer) in Masjid of Mina’ in the original al-Sawma‘ah (the structure near the minaret). (Fatwa explains h 4-5 above)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/212)