196. Takbir (Allah Is Great Beyond Description) During the Bright Days, 11, 12 and 13 of Dhu al-Hajjah

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَاذْكُرُوا الله فِي أَيَّامٍ مَعْدُوداتٍ قَالَ التَّكْبِيرُ فِي أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ مِنْ صَلاةِ الظُّهْرِ مِنْ يَوْمِ النَّحْرِ إِلَى صَلاةِ الْفَجْرِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الثَّالِثِ وَفِي الأَمْصَارِ عَشْرَ صَلَوَاتٍ فَإِذَا نَفَرَ بَعْدَ الأُولَى أَمْسَكَ أَهْلُ الأَمْصَارِ وَمَنْ أَقَامَ بِمِنًى فَصَلَّى بِهَا الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ فَلْيُكَبِّرْ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘Speak of Allah during the well identified days.’ (2:203) He (the Imam) said, ‘Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) during the bright days should be commenced at noontime on the tenth of Dhu al-Hajjah up to the morning of the 13th of Dhu al-Hajjah. In the cities however, it is during the ten salawat (prayers). As soon as people begin to leave Mina, people of the cities discontinue Takbirat (Allah is great beyond description); however, people who still remain in Mina’ must say Zuhr and al-‘Asr salat (prayer) and al-Takbirat (Allah is great beyond description) there.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/208)



2ـ حَمَّادُ بْنُ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) التَّكْبِيرُ فِي أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ فِي دُبُرِ الصَّلَوَاتِ فَقَالَ التَّكْبِيرُ بِمِنًى فِي دُبُرِ خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ صَلاةً وَفِي سَائِرِ الأَمْصَارِ فِي دُبُرِ عَشْرِ صَلَوَاتٍ وَأَوَّلُ التَّكْبِيرِ فِي دُبُرِ صَلاةِ الظُّهْرِ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ يَقُولُ فِيهِ الله أَكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَالله أَكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرُ وَلله الْحَمْدُ الله أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا هَدَانَا الله أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَنَا مِنْ بَهِيمَةِ الأَنْعَامِ وَإِنَّمَا جُعِلَ فِي سَائِرِ الأَمْصَارِ فِي دُبُرِ عَشْرِ صَلَوَاتٍ لأَنَّهُ إِذَا نَفَرَ النَّاسُ فِي النَّفْرِ الأَوَّلِ أَمْسَكَ أَهْلُ الأَمْصَارِ عَنِ التَّكْبِيرِ وَكَبَّرَ أَهْلُ مِنًى مَا دَامُوا بِمِنًى إِلَى النَّفْرِ الأَخِيرِ.


2. Hammad ibn ‘Isa has narrated from Hariz ibn ‘Abd Allah from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) in the days of Tashriq after Salat (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) in Mina’ is after fifteen Salawat (prayers). In other cities it is after ten Salawat (prayers). The first Takbir is after Salat (prayer) of al-Zuhr on the day of al-Nahr (slaughtering the offering, 10th of Dhu al-Hajjah) in which one says, ‘Allah is great beyond description, Allah is great beyond description. No one deserves worship except Allah. Allah is great beyond description. Allah is great beyond description. All praise belongs to Allah. Allah is great beyond description. Allah is great beyond description as He has given us the cattle.’ In other cities it is after ten because in the cities when people leave with the first departure, people of the cities stop saying Takbir (Allah is great beyond description); but people in Mina’ continue saying Takbir (Allah is great beyond description) up till the last person’s departure.’” (Fatwa best explains Hadith 2 of this Chapter)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/208)



3ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَاذْكُرُوا الله فِي أَيَّامٍ مَعْدُوداتٍ قَالَ هِيَ أَيَّامُ التَّشْرِيقِ كَانُوا إِذَا أَقَامُوا بِمِنًى بَعْدَ النَّحْرِ تَفَاخَرُوا فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ مِنْهُمْ كَانَ أَبِي يَفْعَلُ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَقَالَ الله جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ فَإِذا أَفَضْتُمْ مِنْ عَرَفاتٍ فَاذْكُرُوا الله كَذِكْرِكُمْ آباءَكُمْ أَوْ أَشَدَّ ذِكْراً قَالَ وَالتَّكْبِيرُ الله أَكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَالله أَكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرُ وَلله الْحَمْدُ الله أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا هَدَانَا الله أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَنَا مِنْ بَهِيمَةِ الأَنْعَامِ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mansur ibn Hazim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘Speak of Allah during the well identified days’ (2:203) has said, ‘Such days are the bright days, 11, 12 and 13 of Dhu al-Hajjah. The Arabs would stay in Mina’ after the tenth of Dhu al-Hajjah and speak of their superiority over the others. A man among them would say, ‘My father did such and such things.’ Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, then said, ‘When you leave ‘Arafat, speak of Allah just as you speak of your fathers or even more intensely.’ (2:198-200) He (the Imam) then said, ‘Takbirat are as follows. ‘Allahu Akbar (Allah is great beyond description), Allahu Akbar (Allah is great beyond description). No one deserves worship except Allah, Allahu Akbar (Allah is great beyond description), Allahu Akbar (Allah is great beyond description). All praise belongs to Allah, Allahu Akbar (Allah is great beyond description), for His granting us guidance, Allahu Akbar (Allah is great beyond description) for His giving us cattle.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/208)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ التَّكْبِيرُ أَيَّامَ التَّشْرِيقِ مِنْ صَلاةِ الظُّهْرِ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ إِلَى صَلاةِ الْعَصْرِ مِنْ آخِرِ أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ إِنْ أَنْتَ أَقَمْتَ بِمِنًى وَإِنْ أَنْتَ خَرَجْتَ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ التَّكْبِيرُ وَالتَّكْبِيرُ أَنْ تَقُولَ الله أَكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرُ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَالله أَكْبَرُ الله أَكْبَرُ وَلله الْحَمْدُ الله أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا هَدَانَا الله أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَنَا مِنْ بَهِيمَةِ الأَنْعَامِ وَالْحَمْدُ لله عَلَى مَا أَبْلانَا.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Takbir in the days of Tashriq is from Salat (prayer) of al-Zuhr on the day of al-Nahr (slaughtering the offering, 10th of Dhu al-Hajjah) to Salat (prayer) of al-‘Asr of the last day of Tashriq, if you remain in Mina’. If you leave Mina 5 you are not obligated for anything in this matter. In Takhir say, ’Allah is great beyond description, Allah is great beyond description. No one deserves worship except Allah. Allah is great beyond description. Allah is great beyond description. All praise belongs to Allah. Allah is great beyond description. Allah is great beyond description as He has given us the cattle and all praise belongs to Allah for His testing and trials for us.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/209)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ فَاتَتْهُ رَكْعَةٌ مَعَ الإِمَامِ مِنَ الصَّلاةِ أَيَّامَ التَّشْرِيقِ قَالَ يُتِمُّ صَلاتَهُ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ التَّكْبِيرِ بَعْدَ كُلِّ صَلاةٍ فَقَالَ كَمْ شِئْتَ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ شَيْ‏ءٌ مُوَقَّتٌ يَعْنِي فِي الْكَلامِ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn, from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about a man who misses one Rak’at Salat (prayer) with the Imam of Salat (prayer) in the days of Tashriq. He (the Imam) said, ’He completes his Salat (prayer) and then says Takhir.’ I then asked about Takhir after every Salat (prayer). He (the Imam) said, ‘As many times as you like. There is not anything definite in speaking of Allah.’” NOTE: Fatwa best explains Hadith 4-5 of this Chapter


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/209)