198. Departure from Mina the First and the Last

Back to book

1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّا نُرِيدُ أَنْ نَتَعَجَّلَ السَّيْرَ وَكَانَتْ لَيْلَةُ النَّفْرِ حِينَ سَأَلْتُهُ فَأَيَّ سَاعَةٍ نَنْفِرُ فَقَالَ لِي أَمَّا الْيَوْمَ الثَّانِيَ فَلا تَنْفِرْ حَتَّى تَزُولَ الشَّمْسُ وَكَانَتْ لَيْلَةُ النَّفْرِ وَأَمَّا الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ فَإِذَا ابْيَضَّتِ الشَّمْسُ فَانْفِرْ عَلَى بَرَكَةِ الله فَإِنَّ الله جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ يَقُولُ فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ فَلَوْ سَكَتَ لَمْ يَبْقَ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ تَعَجَّلَ وَلَكِنَّهُ قَالَ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Dawud ibn al-Nu’man from abu Ayyub who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about departure and it was the night of departure. We like to be quick. What time should we depart? He (the Imam) said, ’You must not depart on the second day before Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime), it was the night of departure. On the third day when the sun is bright white, you can depart with the blessing of Allah. Allah, most glorious is whose praise says, “Those who depart quicker in two days have not sinned and those who depart later have not sinned.” (2:203) If He had remained quiet everyone would depart quickly but He has said, “Those who delay have not sinned.”’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/212)



2ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي الْفَرَجِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ أَ يُقَدِّمُ الرَّجُلُ رَحْلَهُ وَثَقَلَهُ قَبْلَ النَّفْرِ فَقَالَ لا أَ مَا يَخَافُ الَّذِي يُقَدِّمُ ثَقَلَهُ أَنْ يَحْبِسَهُ الله تَعَالَى قَالَ وَلَكِنْ يُخَلِّفُ مِنْهُ مَا شَاءَ لا يَدْخُلُ مَكَّةَ قُلْتُ أَ فَأَتَعَجَّلُ مِنَ النِّسْيَانِ أَقْضِي مَنَاسِكِي وَأَنَا أُبَادِرُ بِهِ إِهْلالاً وَإِحْلالاً قَالَ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from abu al-Faraj from Aban ibn Taghlib who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if a man can send his luggage and traveling materials ahead before his departure. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, is he, who sends his luggage and so on ahead, not afraid that Allah, most High, can hold him back. However, he may keep back whatever he wants from entering Makkah.’ I then asked, ‘Can one, for fear of forgetfulness, perform the acts of his Hajj quicker, in commencing (Talbiyah) and ending (coming out of the state of Ihram)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/213)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تَنْفِرَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلَيْسَ لَكَ أَنْ تَنْفِرَ حَتَّى تَزُولَ الشَّمْسُ وَإِنْ تَأَخَّرْتَ إِلَى آخِرِ أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ وَهُوَ يَوْمُ النَّفْرِ الأَخِيرِ فَلا عَلَيْكَ أَيَّ سَاعَةٍ نَفَرْتَ وَرَمَيْتَ قَبْلَ الزَّوَالِ أَوْ بَعْدَهُ فَإِذَا نَفَرْتَ وَانْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى الْحَصْبَةِ وَهِيَ الْبَطْحَاءُ فَشِئْتَ أَنْ تَنْزِلَ قَلِيلاً فَإِنَّ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي يَنْزِلُهَا ثُمَّ يَحْمِلُ فَيَدْخُلُ مَكَّةَ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَنَامَ بِهَا.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you like to depart in the first two days, you cannot depart before Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime). If you delay until the last days of tashriq, which is the day of departure, then it does not matter in whatever hour you depart or throw pebbles, before or after Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime). When you depart and arrive in al-Hasabah which is Batha’, you may disembark there for a little while.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘My father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would disembark there; then depart and enter Makkah without staying there for the night.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/213)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ وَعَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلا يَنْفِرْ حَتَّى تَزُولَ الشَّمْسُ فَإِنْ أَدْرَكَهُ الْمَسَاءُ بَاتَ وَلَمْ يَنْفِرْ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar and Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever departs earlier in the second day he cannot do so before Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime), and if it becomes evening he must stay for the night, instead of departing.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/214)



5ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يُصَلِّي الإِمَامُ الظُّهْرَ يَوْمَ النَّفْرِ بِمَكَّةَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Imam must perform Salat (prayer) of al-Zuhr on the day of departure.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/214)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ أَنْ يَنْفِرَ الرَّجُلُ فِي النَّفْرِ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ يُقِيمُ بِمَكَّةَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful to depart in the first chance for departure, then stay in Makkah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/215)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا نَفَرْتَ فِي النَّفْرِ الأَوَّلِ فَإِنْ شِئْتَ أَنْ تُقِيمَ بِمَكَّةَ وَتَبِيتَ بِهَا فَلا بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ قَالَ وَقَالَ إِذَا جَاءَ اللَّيْلُ بَعْدَ النَّفْرِ الأَوَّلِ فَبِتْ بِمِنًى وَلَيْسَ لَكَ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ مِنْهَا حَتَّى تُصْبِحَ.


7. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you like to depart during the first chance for departure to stay in Makkah it is not harmful.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘When night falls after the first chance for departure then you must stay in Mina’; you cannot go out until morning.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/215)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ نُوحٍ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ إِنَّ أَصْحَابَنَا قَدِ اخْتَلَفُوا عَلَيْنَا فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ إِنَّ النَّفْرَ يَوْمَ الأَخِيرِ بَعْدَ الزَّوَالِ أَفْضَلُ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ قَبْلَ الزَّوَالِ فَكَتَبَ أَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ بِمَكَّةَ وَلا يَكُونُ ذَلِكَ إِلاَّ وَقَدْ نَفَرَ قَبْلَ الزَّوَالِ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Ja’far from Ayyub ibn Nuh who has said the following: “I once wrote to him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Our people disagree on the issue of departure. Certain ones among them say that on the last day of departure, it is better to depart after Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime), and others say that it is before Zawal.’ He (the Imam) wrote in answer, ‘Did you not know that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, performed Salat (prayer) of al-Zuhr and al-‘Asr in Makkah? This could not have happened without his departing before Zawal.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/215)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ أَبِي زَيْنَبَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ أَبِي يَقُولُ لَوْ كَانَ لِي طَرِيقٌ إِلَى مَنْزِلِي مِنْ مِنًى مَا دَخَلْتُ مَكَّةَ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Mansur ibn al-‘Abbas from Ali ibn Asbat from Sulayman ibn abu Zaynabah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘My father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would say, “Had there been a road to my home from Mina’ I would not enter Makkah.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/215)



10ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَعَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْقَاسَانِيِّ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ دَاوُدَ الْمِنْقَرِيِّ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ أَبِي بَعْدَ مُنْصَرَفِهِ مِنَ الْمَوْقِفِ فَقَالَ أَ تَرَى يُخَيِّبُ الله هَذَا الْخَلْقَ كُلَّهُ فَقَالَ أَبِي مَا وَقَفَ بِهَذَا الْمَوْقِفِ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ غَفَرَ الله لَهُ مُؤْمِناً كَانَ أَوْ كَافِراً إِلاَّ أَنَّهُمْ فِي مَغْفِرَتِهِمْ عَلَى ثَلاثِ مَنَازِلَ مُؤْمِنٌ غَفَرَ الله لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَمَا تَأَخَّرَ وَأَعْتَقَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ رَبَّنا آتِنا فِي الدُّنْيا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنا عَذابَ النَّارِ أُولئِكَ لَهُمْ نَصِيبٌ مِمَّا كَسَبُوا وَالله سَرِيعُ الْحِسابِ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ غَفَرَ الله لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَقِيلَ لَهُ أَحْسِنْ فِيمَا بَقِيَ مِنْ عُمُرِكَ وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ يَعْنِي مَنْ مَاتَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَمْضِيَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى الْكَبَائِرَ وَأَمَّا الْعَامَّةُ فَيَقُولُونَ فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ يَعْنِي فِي النَّفْرِ الأَوَّلِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ يَعْنِي لِمَنِ اتَّقَى الصَّيْدَ أَ فَتَرَى أَنَّ الصَّيْدَ يُحَرِّمُهُ الله بَعْدَ مَا أَحَلَّهُ فِي قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَإِذا حَلَلْتُمْ فَاصْطادُوا وَفِي تَفْسِيرِ الْعَامَّةِ مَعْنَاهُ وَإِذَا حَلَلْتُمْ فَاتَّقُوا الصَّيْدَ وَكَافِرٌ وَقَفَ هَذَا الْمَوْقِفَ زِينَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا غَفَرَ الله لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ إِنْ تَابَ مِنَ الشِّرْكِ فِيمَا بَقِيَ مِنْ عُمُرِهِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَتُبْ وَفَّاهُ أَجْرَهُ وَلَمْ يَحْرِمْهُ أَجْرَ هَذَا الْمَوْقِفِ وَذَلِكَ قَوْلُهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مَنْ كانَ يُرِيدُ الْحَياةَ الدُّنْيا وَزِينَتَها نُوَفِّ إِلَيْهِمْ أَعْمالَهُمْ فِيها وَهُمْ فِيها لا يُبْخَسُونَ أُولئِكَ الَّذِينَ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ فِي الآخِرَةِ إِلاَّ النَّارُ وَحَبِطَ ما صَنَعُوا فِيها وَباطِلٌ ما كانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Ali ibn Muhammad al-Qasaniy all from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Sulayman ibn Dawud al-Minqariy from Sufyan ibn ‘Uyaynah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a man once asked my father after returning from al- Mawqaf, ‘Do you think Allah will leave all these creatures in hopeless condition?’ My father said, ‘Whoever stays in this station, Allah forgives them, regardless of their being believers or unbelievers. However, forgiveness for them is of three kinds. There is forgiveness in favor of a believer of his past and future sins and his freedom from fire as is mentioned in the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, “Lord, grant us goodness in this word, grant us goodness in the next life and protect us against the torment of the fire. These will have a share of what they have done and Allah is quick in accounting.” (2:200-201) There are those of them whose past sins Allah forgives. He has said, “Do good in the rest of your life.” Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, has said, “Those of them who leave earlier during the two days have not committed any sins. Those who leave after the two days also have not committed any sins,” (2:203) meaning those who die before leaving have not committed any sins and those who leave later have not committed any sins if they maintain piety in the matters of major sins. Muslims in general (non-Shi`a) say, “Those who leave during the two days have not committed any sins, meaning leaving Mina’ with the first departing people, and those who leave later have not committed any sins, meaning they have not committed any sins if they maintain piety in the matter of hunting.” Do you think Allah prohibits hunting after making it lawful as is mentioned in the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, “When you are free of the restrictions of Ihram you may hunt.” (5:3) It is in the interpretations of non-Shi`a Muslims that when you are free of the restrictions of Ihram you must not hunt. “There is the unbeliever who has attended al-Mawqaf (station of the pilgrims) for worldly reasons. Allah forgives his past sins, if he repents from the sin of paganism for his future. He will receive his reward and he will not be left hopeless of the reward of his staying at this station if he does not commit any sins. This is said in the worlds of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, “Those who want the worldly life and its ornaments We recompense them for their deeds in this world and will not suffer any loss therein. They will not have anything in the next life except fire. Their deeds will become void and their deeds will turn into falsehood.’”” (11:15-16)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/216)



11ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُسْتَنِيرِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ أَتَى النِّسَاءَ فِي إِحْرَامِهِ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ أَنْ يَنْفِرَ فِي النَّفْرِ الأَوَّلِ وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى الصَّيْدُ أَيْضاً.


11. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Muhammad ibn al-Mustanir who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever, engages women in the state of Ihram cannot depart during the first chance for departure.’ According to another Hadith it applies to hunting also.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول وآخره مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/217)



12ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْمِيثَمِيِّ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ نَجِيحٍ الرَّمَّاحِ قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله بِمِنًى لَيْلَةً مِنَ اللَّيَالِي فَقَالَ مَا يَقُولُ هَؤُلاءِ فِي فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ قُلْنَا مَا نَدْرِي قَالَ بَلَى يَقُولُونَ مَنْ تَعَجَّلَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَادِيَةِ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْحَضَرِ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَلَيْسَ كَمَا يَقُولُونَ قَالَ الله جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ فَمَنْ تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ أَلا لا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَنْ تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ أَلا لا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى إِنَّمَا هِيَ لَكُمْ وَالنَّاسُ سَوَادٌ وَأَنْتُمُ الْحَاجُّ.


12. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan al-Mithamiy from Mu‘awiyah ibn Wahab from ‘Isma’il ibn al-Najih al-Rammah who has said the following: “During one of the nights we were with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in Mina’. He (the Imam) asked, ‘What do these people say about, “Those who depart in the second day for departure, there is no sin on them and those who delay, there is no sin on them?”’ (2:203) We replied, ‘We do not know.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, they say that those of the people of wilderness who depart in a hurry have not committed a sin, and those of the people of the cities who delay have not committed a sin.’ It is not as they say it is. Allah, most glorious is whose praise has said, “On those who depart earlier in the second day for departure, there is no sin.” You must take notice; there no sin remains on those who leave early as well as on those who delay. You must take notice that no sin remains on them. They are only those ones who maintain piety before Allah. This applies to you only. People are the crowd and you are the ones who have performed al-Hajj.’” (Fatwa best explains Hadith 11 of this Chapter and all of the following Chapter)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/217)