194. The Case of One Who Spends the Nights in Mina

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا تَبِتْ لَيَالِيَ التَّشْرِيقِ إِلاَّ بِمِنًى فَإِنْ بِتَّ فِي غَيْرِهَا فَعَلَيْكَ دَمٌ وَإِنْ خَرَجْتَ أَوَّلَ اللَّيْلِ فَلا يَنْتَصِفْ لَكَ اللَّيْلُ إِلاَّ وَأَنْتَ بِمِنًى إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ شُغُلُكَ بِنُسُكِكَ أَوْ قَدْ خَرَجْتَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ وَإِنْ خَرَجْتَ نِصْفَ اللَّيْلِ فَلا يَضُرُّكَ أَنْ تُصْبِحَ بِغَيْرِهَا قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ زَارَ عِشَاءً فَلَمْ يَزَلْ فِي طَوَافِهِ وَدُعَائِهِ وَفِي السَّعْيِ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ حَتَّى يَطْلُعَ الْفَجْرُ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ كَانَ فِي طَاعَةِ الله.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must not pass the nights of tashriq (11, 12 and 13) in any place other than Mina 5 . If you pass these nights in other places, you owe an animal for offering. If you go out in the beginning of the night, you must return before midnight, unless you are busy with an act of hajj or you are taken out of Makkah. If you go out after midnight, then it is not harmful to pass the rest of the night in other places.’ I then asked about a man who visits (the House) during al-‘Isha’ and continues Tawaf, prayers and Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah until dawn. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful; he was obeying the commandments of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/205)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الزِّيَارَةِ مِنْ مِنًى قَالَ إِنْ زَارَ بِالنَّهَارِ أَوْ عِشَاءً فَلا يَنْفَجِرِ الْفَجْرُ إِلاَّ وَهُوَ بِمِنًى وَإِنْ زَارَ بَعْدَ نِصْفِ اللَّيْلِ وَأَسْحَرَ فَلا بَأْسَ أَنْ يَنْفَجِرَ الْفَجْرُ وَهُوَ بِمَكَّةَ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Is ibn al-Qasim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about visiting (the House) from Mina’. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he visits during the day or during al-‘Isha’ he must be in Mina’ before dawn. If he visits after midnight; and during the hours of dawn, then it is not harmful if it becomes dawn while he is in Makkah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/206)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا فِي رَجُلٍ زَارَ الْبَيْتَ فَنَامَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ قَالَ إِنْ بَاتَ بِمَكَّةَ فَعَلَيْهِ دَمٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ قَدْ خَرَجَ مِنْهَا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَلَوْ أَصْبَحَ دُونَ مِنًى. وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَزُورُ فَيَنَامُ دُونَ مِنًى قَالَ إِذَا جَازَ عَقَبَةَ الْمَدَنِيِّينَ فَلا بَأْسَ أَنْ يَنَامَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from certain persons of our people from a man who has said the following: “This is about a man who visits the House and sleeps on the way. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If he passes the night in Makkah, he owes one animal for offering, but if he is out of Makkah, then it is not harmful even if it becomes dawn before reaching Mina’.’” In another Hadith from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who sleeps near Mina’, has said, ‘If he crosses ‘Aqabah al-Madaniyin, then it is not harmful if he sleeps.’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/206)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا زَارَ الْحَاجُّ مِنْ مِنًى فَخَرَجَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ فَجَاوَزَ بُيُوتَ مَكَّةَ فَنَامَ ثُمَّ أَصْبَحَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ مِنًى فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one performing al-Hajj visits the House from Mina’, then comes out of Makkah and sleeps, and it becomes dawn before reaching Mina’, he is not obligated for anything in this matter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/206)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ قَالَ لا تَدْخُلُوا مَنَازِلَكُمْ بِمَكَّةَ إِذَا زُرْتُمْ يَعْنِي أَهْلَ مَكَّةَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from ibn Bukayr from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must not enter your lodgings when you visit the House, meaning thereby people of Makkah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/207)