186. Using the Meat of the Offering for Food, Giving as Charity and Taking Out of Mina

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَصَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ أَمَرَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حِينَ نَحَرَ أَنْ تُؤْخَذَ مِنْ كُلِّ بَدَنَةٍ حُذْوَةٌ مِنْ لَحْمِهَا ثُمَّ تُطْرَحَ فِي بُرْمَةٍ ثُمَّ تُطْبَخَ وَأَكَلَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَعَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْهَا وَحَسَوَا مِنْ مَرَقِهَا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr and from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, commanded to take a share from the meat of each badanah, then cook it in a pot. The Messenger of Allah and Ali ‘Alayhim al-Salam, ate from the meat and sipped the broth thereof.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/180)



2ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِ الله تَعَالَى فَإِذا وَجَبَتْ جُنُوبُها قَالَ إِذَا وَقَعَتْ عَلَى الأَرْضِ فَكُلُوا مِنْها وَأَطْعِمُوا الْقانِعَ وَالْمُعْتَرَّ قَالَ الْقَانِعُ الَّذِي يَرْضَى بِمَا أَعْطَيْتَهُ وَلا يَسْخَطُ وَلا يَكْلَحُ وَلا يَلْوِي شِدْقَهُ غَضَباً وَالْمُعْتَرُّ الْمَارُّ بِكَ لِتُطْعِمَهُ.


2. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has said the following: “This is about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘When their sides reach the ground.’ (22:36) Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that it means when they fall on the ground. ‘. . . use it for food and feed thereof to those contented and those who ask.’ (22:36) He (the Imam) said that al-Qani‘ are those who become gratified, do not become angry, frown or twist the corner of their mouths out of anger and al-Mu‘tar is one who passes by so you feed him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/180)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ لُحُومِ الأَضَاحِيِّ فَقَالَ كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ وَأَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَتَصَدَّقَانِ بِثُلُثٍ عَلَى جِيرَانِهِمْ وَثُلُثٍ عَلَى السُّؤَّالِ وَثُلُثٌ يُمْسِكُونَهُ لأَهْلِ الْبَيْتِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meat of offering animals. He (the Imam) said, ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn and abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, would give one-third as charity to their neighbors, one-third to those who ask and beg and kept one-third for their household.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/181)



4ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وَحُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْهَدْيِ مَا يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ الَّذِي يُهْدِيهِ فِي مُتْعَتِهِ وَغَيْرِ ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ كَمَا يَأْكُلُ مِنْ هَدْيِهِ.


4. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali and Flumayd ibn Ziyad from ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person all from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meat of the offering animals and what is used thereof for food which is offered for al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) and so on. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is just as one uses his offering for food.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/181)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ فِدَاءِ الصَّيْدِ يَأْكُلُ صَاحِبُهُ مِنْ لَحْمِهِ فَقَالَ يَأْكُلُ مِنْ أُضْحِيَّتِهِ وَيَتَصَدَّقُ بِالْفِدَاءِ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Flammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the expiation because of hunting; if one paying the expiation can eat thereof. He (the Imam) said, ‘He can eat from his offerings and he must give the expiation as charity.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/182)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَإِذا وَجَبَتْ جُنُوبُها فَكُلُوا مِنْها وَأَطْعِمُوا الْقانِعَ وَالْمُعْتَرَّ قَالَ الْقَانِعُ الَّذِي يَقْنَعُ بِمَا أَعْطَيْتَهُ وَالْمُعْتَرُّ الَّذِي يَعْتَرِيكَ وَالسَّائِلُ الَّذِي يَسْأَلُكَ فِي يَدَيْهِ وَالْبَائِسُ هُوَ الْفَقِيرُ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “This is about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘When their sides reach the ground then eat thereof and feed to those contented and those who ask.’ (22:36) Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, has said al-Qani‘ is one who becomes satisfied with what you give them. Al-Mu‘tar are those who find you, al-Sa’il are those who beg you with their hands and al-Ba’is are the poor.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/182)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ إِخْرَاجِ لُحُومِ الأَضَاحِيِّ مِنْ مِنًى فَقَالَ كُنَّا نَقُولُ لا يُخْرَجْ مِنْهَا شَيْ‏ءٌ لِحَاجَةِ النَّاسِ إِلَيْهِ فَأَمَّا الْيَوْمَ فَقَدْ كَثُرَ النَّاسُ فَلا بَأْسَ بِإِخْرَاجِهِ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about taking out from Mina’ the meat of the offering animals. He (the Imam) said, ‘We would say that it must not be taken out of Mina’ because people needed. Today, however, the number of people has increased, thus it is not harmful to take out of MinaY”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/182)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَهْدَى هَدْياً فَانْكَسَرَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ مَضْمُوناً وَالْمَضْمُونُ مَا كَانَ فِي يَمِينٍ يَعْنِي نَذْراً أَوْ جَزَاءً فَعَلَيْهِ فِدَاؤُهُ قُلْتُ أَ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ فَقَالَ لا إِنَّمَا هُوَ لِلْمَسَاكِينِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَضْمُوناً فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قُلْتُ أَ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ قَالَ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ وَرُوِيَ أَيْضاً أَنَّهُ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ مَضْمُوناً كَانَ أَوْ غَيْرَ مَضْمُونٍ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Isma‘il ibn Marrar from Yunus from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who offers an offering but it sustains damage. He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is binding and obligatory such as because of swearing, or vow or as penalty, he owes ransom.’ I then asked, ‘Can he eat thereof?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘No, because it is for the destitute, if it is not binding and obligatory, he is not obligated for anything in this matter.’ I asked, ‘Can he eat thereof?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can eat.’” NOTE: It is also narrated that he can eat thereof, regardless of its being of binding and obligatory or non- obligatory reasons.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول وآخره مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/183)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ مَوْلىً لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الأَوَّلَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) دَعَا بِبَدَنَةٍ فَنَحَرَهَا فَلَمَّا ضَرَبَ الْجَزَّارُونَ عَرَاقِيبَهَا فَوَقَعَتْ إِلَى الأَرْضِ وَكَشَفُوا شَيْئاً عَنْ سَنَامِهَا قَالَ اقْطَعُوا وَكُلُوا مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا فَإِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فَإِذا وَجَبَتْ جُنُوبُها فَكُلُوا مِنْها وَأَطْعِمُوا.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from a slave of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following: “I saw abu al-Hassan, al-Awwal, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ask for a badanah and he slaughtered it. When the butchers cut off its veins and it fell on the ground and they uncovered its hump he (the Imam) told them to get something thereof and eat; Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, ‘When their sides reach the ground eat and feed thereof.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/183)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَعَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالا نَهَانَا رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَنْ لُحُومِ الأَضَاحِيِّ بَعْدَ ثَلاثٍ ثُمَّ أَذِنَ فِيهَا وَقَالَ كُلُوا مِنْ لُحُومِ الأَضَاحِيِّ بَعْدَ ثَلاثٍ وَادَّخِرُوا.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Hanan ibn Sadir from abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, prohibited us from the meat of offering after three days then he granted permission, saying ‘Eat of the meat of offerings after three days and preserve.’”