185. Manner of Slaughtering

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1ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَاذْكُرُوا اسْمَ الله عَلَيْها صَوافَّ قَالَ ذَلِكَ حِينَ تَصُفُّ لِلنَّحْرِ تَرْبِطُ يَدَيْهَا مَا بَيْنَ الْخُفِّ إِلَى الرُّكْبَةِ وَوُجُوبُ جُنُوبِهَا إِذَا وَقَعَتْ عَلَى الأَرْضِ.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “This is about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ’Pronounce the name of Allah on them while lined up. . . (22:36) He (the Imam) said that this is when they are lined up for slaughtering. When their front legs are tied down between the feet to the knees, and ’falling of their sides’ is a reference to their reaching the ground.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/177)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كَيْفَ تُنْحَرُ الْبَدَنَةُ فَقَالَ تُنْحَرُ وَهِيَ قَائِمَةٌ مِنْ قِبَلِ الْيَمِينِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il from Muhammad ibn al-Fadl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about how a badanah is slaughtered. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is slaughtered from its right side when standing.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/178)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) النَّحْرُ فِي اللَّبَّةِ وَالذَّبْحُ فِي الْحَلْقِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Al-Nahr is slaughtering from the upper part of the chest (applicable to camels only) and al-Dhabh is slaughtering from the throat.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/178)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ لا يَذْبَحْ لَكَ الْيَهُودِيُّ وَلا النَّصْرَانِيُّ أُضْحِيَّتَكَ فَإِنْ كَانَتِ امْرَأَةً فَلْتَذْبَحْ لِنَفْسِهَا وَتَسْتَقْبِلُ الْقِبْلَةَ وَتَقُولُ وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيفاً اللهمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Jews or Christians must not slaughter your offering. A woman can slaughter for herself facing al-Qiblah (al-Ka‘bah). She must say, ‘I have turned my face toward the Creator of the heavens and earth, obediently. O Lord, this is from You and for You.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/178)



5ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) يَجْعَلُ السِّكِّينَ فِي يَدِ الصَّبِيِّ ثُمَّ يَقْبِضُ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى يَدِ الصَّبِيِّ فَيَذْبَحُ.


5. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Ali ibn al-Husayn ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would allow a child to place his hand on the knife. A man then places his hand on the hand of the child and slaughters the offering.’” (Fatwa best explains Hadith 1-5 of this Chapter)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/178)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِذَا اشْتَرَيْتَ هَدْيَكَ فَاسْتَقْبِلْ بِهِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَانْحَرْهُ أَوِ اذْبَحْهُ وَقُلْ وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيفاً وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِنَّ صَلاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لله رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ اللهمَّ مِنْكَ وَلَكَ بِسْمِ الله وَالله أَكْبَرُ اللهمَّ تَقَبَّلْ مِنِّي ثُمَّ أَمِرَّ السِّكِّينَ وَلا تَنْخَعْهَا حَتَّى تَمُوتَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan and ibn abu ‘Umayr who have said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When you buy an animal for offering, face the direction of Qiblah (Ka’bah), then slaughter the way camel or other animals are slaughtered. You must say, ‘I turn my face toward the One who has invented the skies and earth, as an obedient person and I am not a pagan. My salat (prayer), acts of al-Hajj (worship), my life and death are for Allah, Lord of the worlds, who has no partners and thus I am commanded and I am the first Muslim. O Allah, this is from You, for You and by the help of the name of Allah, Allah is great beyond description. O Allah, accept it from me.’ Thereafter make the knife to work until it is slaughtered; and do not cut the spinal cord before it dies.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/178)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْبَغْدَادِيِّ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ تَبْدَأُ بِمِنًى بِالذَّبْحِ قَبْلَ الْحَلْقِ وَفِي الْعَقِيقَةِ بِالْحَلْقِ قَبْلَ الذَّبْحِ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Musa ibn Ja’far al-Baghdadiy from Jamil who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In Mina’ begin with slaughtering before shaving, and in al-‘Aqiqah (offering for child-birth) begin with shaving before slaughtering the offering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/179)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ الْبَجَلِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي خَدِيجَةَ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَهُوَ يَنْحَرُ بَدَنَتَهُ مَعْقُولَةً يَدُهَا الْيُسْرَى ثُمَّ يَقُومُ مِنْ جَانِبِ يَدِهَا الْيُمْنَى وَيَقُولُ بِسْمِ الله وَالله أَكْبَرُ اللهمَّ هَذَا مِنْكَ وَلَكَ اللهمَّ تَقَبَّلْهُ مِنِّي ثُمَّ يَطْعُنُ فِي لَبَّتِهَا ثُمَّ يُخْرِجُ السِّكِّينَ بِيَدِهِ فَإِذَا وَجَبَتْ قَطَعَ مَوْضِعَ الذَّبْحِ بِيَدِهِ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu al-Hashim al-Bajaliy from abu Khadijah who has said the following: “I saw abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, slaughtering a badanah with its left front leg tied down. He (the Imam) then stood up on the right side and said, ‘In the name of Allah, Allah is greater than can be described. O Lord, this is from You and for You. O Lord, accept it from me.’ He (the Imam) then caused a cut in the upper part of its chest. He (the Imam) then took out the knife with his hand. When it was on the ground he (the Imam) made a cut in the place for Dhabh.” NOTE: Fatwa best explains the following Chapters.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/179)