170. The Case of One Who Departs Al-Muzdalifah In Haste Before Dawn

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ مِسْمَعٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي رَجُلٍ وَقَفَ مَعَ النَّاسِ بِجَمْعٍ ثُمَّ أَفَاضَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُفِيضَ النَّاسُ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ جَاهِلاً فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَفَاضَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الْفَجْرِ فَعَلَيْهِ دَمُ شَاةٍ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Misma’ who has said the following: “This is about a man who stays with people in Jam‘ but leaves it before other people. Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, Tf he is ignorant, he is not obligated for anything in this matter. If he leaves before dawn he owes one sheep.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/135)



2ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ السَّمَّانِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَجَّلَ النِّسَاءَ لَيْلاً مِنَ الْمُزْدَلِفَةِ إِلَى مِنًى وَأَمَرَ مَنْ كَانَ مِنْهُنَّ عَلَيْهَا هَدْيٌ أَنْ تَرْمِيَ وَلا تَبْرَحَ حَتَّى تَذْبَحَ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْهَا مِنْهُنَّ هَدْيٌ أَنْ تَمْضِيَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ حَتَّى تَزُورَ.


2. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Sa‘id al-Samman who has said the following: “This is a narration of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, from the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. ‘He (the Messenger of Allah) sent the women during the night from al-Muzdalifah to Mina’ and instructed those of them who had animal offering, to throw pebbles and slaughter their offering and those who did not have any offering, to proceed to Makkah for Ziyarat (Tawaf around the House).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/135)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يُفِيضَ الرَّجُلُ بِلَيْلٍ إِذَا كَانَ خَائِفاً.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said ‘It is not harmful for a man who is afraid to leave during the night.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/136)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ أَيُّمَا امْرَأَةٍ أَوْ رَجُلٍ خَائِفٍ أَفَاضَ مِنَ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ لَيْلاً فَلا بَأْسَ فَلْيَرْمِ الْجَمْرَةَ ثُمَّ لْيَمْضِ وَلْيَأْمُرْ مَنْ يَذْبَحُ عَنْهُ وَتُقَصِّرُ الْمَرْأَةُ وَيَحْلِقُ الرَّجُلُ ثُمَّ لْيَطُفْ بِالْبَيْتِ وَبِالصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ ثُمَّ لْيَرْجِعْ إِلَى مِنًى فَإِنْ أَتَى مِنًى وَلَمْ يُذْبَحْ عَنْهُ فَلا بَأْسَ أَنْ يَذْبَحَ هُوَ وَلْيَحْمِلِ الشَّعْرَ إِذَا حَلَقَ بِمَكَّةَ إِلَى مِنًى وَإِنْ شَاءَ قَصَّرَ إِنْ كَانَ قَدْ حَجَّ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Any man or woman who is afraid and leaves al-Mash‘ar al-Haram, during the night, it is not harmful. They can throw pebbles on Jamarat then move on to offer animal sacrifice, do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) if a female, and shave if a man, perform Tawaf around the House and Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah, then return to Mina’. If he arrives in Mina’ and slaughtering is not done for him, then it is not harmful for him to himself do the slaughtering and carry the hairs, if shaving is done in Makkah, to Mina’, and he can do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) if he has performed al-Hajj before.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/136)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ رَخَّصَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لِلنِّسَاءِ وَالصِّبْيَانِ أَنْ يُفِيضُوا بِلَيْلٍ وَيَرْمُوا الْجِمَارَ بِلَيْلٍ وَأَنْ يُصَلُّوا الْغَدَاةَ فِي مَنَازِلِهِمْ فَإِنْ خِفْنَ الْحَيْضَ مَضَيْنَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ وَوَكَّلْنَ مَنْ يُضَحِّي عَنْهُنَّ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from abu al-Mughirah from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, permitted women and children to leave during the night to throw pebbles on Jamarat during the night and perform the morning Salat (prayer) in their lodgings. If women are afraid of Hayd (menses), the should proceed to Makkah and appoint someone to slaughter the offering on their behalf.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/136)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله يَقُولُ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تُقَدَّمَ النِّسَاءُ إِذَا زَالَ اللَّيْلُ فَيَقِفْنَ عِنْدَ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ سَاعَةً ثُمَّ يُنْطَلَقُ بِهِنَّ إِلَى مِنًى فَيَرْمِينَ الْجَمْرَةَ ثُمَّ يَصْبِرْنَ سَاعَةً ثُمَّ يُقَصِّرْنَ وَيَنْطَلِقْنَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَيَطُفْنَ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُنَّ يُرِدْنَ أَنْ يُذْبَحَ عَنْهُنَّ فَإِنَّهُنَّ يُوَكِّلْنَ مَنْ يَذْبَحُ عَنْهُنَّ.


6. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘It is not harmful if women proceed to al- Mash‘ar al-Haram, when a good part of the night is gone. They can stay there for an hour, then move to Mina’, throw pebbles on Jamarat, wait for an hour; then do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on) and move to Makkah. If they want to slaughter animal offering they can appoint someone to do it on their behalf.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/136)



7ـ وَعَنْهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأَعْرَجِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ مَعَنَا نِسَاءٌ فَأُفِيضُ بِهِنَّ بِلَيْلٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تَصْنَعَ كَمَا صَنَعَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ فَقَالَ أَفِضْ بِهِنَّ بِلَيْلٍ وَلا تُفِضْ بِهِنَّ حَتَّى تَقِفَ بِهِنَّ بِجَمْعٍ ثُمَّ أَفِضْ بِهِنَّ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ بِهِنَّ الْجَمْرَةَ الْعُظْمَى فَيَرْمِينَ الْجَمْرَةَ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ عَلَيْهِنَّ ذَبْحٌ فَلْيَأْخُذْنَ مِنْ شُعُورِهِنَّ وَيُقَصِّرْنَ مِنْ أَظْفَارِهِنَّ وَيَمْضِينَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ فِي وُجُوهِهِنَّ وَيَطُفْنَ بِالْبَيْتِ وَيَسْعَيْنَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعْنَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ وَيَطُفْنَ أُسْبُوعاً ثُمَّ يَرْجِعْنَ إِلَى مِنًى وَقَدْ فَرَغْنَ مِنْ حَجِّهِنَّ وَقَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَرْسَلَ مَعَهُنَّ أُسَامَةَ.


7. It is narrated from him (narrator of previous Hadith) from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Sa‘id al-A’raj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ’I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, there are women with us: if we can leave with them during the night. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, do you want to do just as the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, had done?’ I replied, ‘Yes, that is what we want to do.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You can leave with them during the night. You must stay along with them in Jam‘, then leave to al-Jamarah al-‘Uzma’ to throw pebbles. If they do not have to slaughter any offering, they must do Taqsir (cutting some hair or finger nails and so on), then proceed to Makkah forward to perform Tawaf around the House and Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah. They then must return back to the House to perform seven times Tawaf, then return to Mina’ and their al-Hajj is complete.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, sent ‘Usamah with them (the women).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/137)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ الْبَخْتَرِيِّ وَغَيْرِهِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ رَخَّصَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لِلنِّسَاءِ وَالضُّعَفَاءِ أَنْ يُفِيضُوا مِنْ جَمْعٍ بِلَيْلٍ وَأَنْ يَرْمُوا الْجَمْرَةَ بِلَيْلٍ فَإِنْ أَرَادُوا أَنْ يَزُورُوا الْبَيْتَ وَكَّلُوا مَنْ يَذْبَحُ عَنْهُنَّ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hafs ibn al-Bakhtariy and others from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, permitted women and the weak ones to leave from Jam‘ during the night. They were allowed to throw pebbles during the night and visit the House, if they wanted to do so, and they were allowed to appoint someone to slaughter offering on their behalf.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/137)