169. The Case of One Who Does Not Know About Staying in Al-Mash‘ar

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) الرَّجُلُ الأَعْجَمِيُّ وَالْمَرْأَةُ الضَّعِيفَةُ يَكُونَانِ مَعَ الْجَمَّالِ الأَعْرَابِيِّ فَإِذَا أَفَاضَ بِهِمْ مِنْ عَرَفَاتٍ مَرَّ بِهِمْ كَمَا مَرَّ بِهِمْ إِلَى مِنًى وَلَمْ يَنْزِلْ بِهِمْ جَمْعاً فَقَالَ أَ لَيْسَ قَدْ صَلَّوْا بِهَا فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَهُمْ قُلْتُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُصَلُّوا بِهَا قَالَ ذَكَرُوا الله فِيهَا فَإِنْ كَانُوا ذَكَرُوا الله فِيهَا فَقَدْ أَجْزَأَهُمْ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman from Muhammad ibn al-Hakim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is a non- Arab with a weak woman and an Arab camel man who takes them to leave ’Arafat and pass along with them through al-Jam‘ (place of assembly al-Muzdalifah) to Mina’, without allowing them to disembark in al-Jam‘. He (the Imam) said, ’Had they been able to perform one Salat (prayer) in it (al-Jam‘) it would have been sufficient for them.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if they cannot perform one Salat (prayer) there ? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘They can speak of Allah; if they say Dhikr of Allah (speak of Allah), it is sufficient for them. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/132)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ صَاحِبَيَّ هَذَيْنِ جَهِلا أَنْ يَقِفَا بِالْمُزْدَلِفَةِ فَقَالَ يَرْجِعَانِ مَكَانَهُمَا فَيَقِفَانِ بِالْمَشْعَرِ سَاعَةً قُلْتُ فَإِنَّهُ لَمْ يُخْبِرْهُمَا أَحَدٌ حَتَّى كَانَ الْيَوْمُ وَقَدْ نَفَرَ النَّاسُ قَالَ فَنَكَسَ رَأْسَهُ سَاعَةً ثُمَّ قَالَ أَ لَيْسَا قَدْ صَلَّيَا الْغَدَاةَ بِالْمُزْدَلِفَةِ قُلْتُ بَلَى فَقَالَ أَ لَيْسَا قَدْ قَنَتَا فِي صَلاتِهِمَا قُلْتُ بَلَى فَقَالَ تَمَّ حَجُّهُمَا ثُمَّ قَالَ الْمَشْعَرُ مِنَ الْمُزْدَلِفَةِ وَالْمُزْدَلِفَةُ مِنَ الْمَشْعَرِ وَإِنَّمَا يَكْفِيهِمَا الْيَسِيرُ مِنَ الدُّعَاءِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, these two of my friends due to ignorance have not stayed in al-Muzdalifah. He (the Imam) said, ‘They must go back to stay in al-Mash‘ar for an hour . 5 I then said that no one told them about it until today and people have already left. He (the Imam) then looked down for a while and said, ‘Did they perform the morning Salat (prayer) in al-Muzdalifah . 5 I said, ‘Yes, they did . 5 He (the Imam) asked, ‘Did they say Qunut (supplication after recitation in second Rak’at) in their Salat (prayer )? 5 I replied, ‘Yes, they did . 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘Their Hajj then is complete . 5 He (the Imam) then said, ‘Al- Mash’ar is of al-Muzdalifah and al-Muzdalifah is from al-Mash‘ar; only a little prayer is sufficient for them . ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/133)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَا تَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ أَفَاضَ مِنْ عَرَفَاتٍ فَأَتَى مِنًى قَالَ فَلْيَرْجِعْ فَيَأْتِي جَمْعاً فَيَقِفُ بِهَا وَإِنْ كَانَ النَّاسُ قَدْ أَفَاضُوا مِنْ جَمْعٍ.


3. Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who leaves ‘Arafat and comes to Mina 5 . He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go back to al-Jam‘ (place of assembly) to stay there even if all people may have already left al-Jam‘ (place of assembly ). ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/133)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ أَفَاضَ مِنْ عَرَفَاتٍ فَمَرَّ بِالْمَشْعَرِ فَلَمْ يَقِفْ حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى مِنًى وَرَمَى الْجَمْرَةَ وَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ حَتَّى ارْتَفَعَ النَّهَارُ قَالَ يَرْجِعُ إِلَى الْمَشْعَرِ فَيَقِفُ بِهِ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ فَيَرْمِي الْجَمْرَةَ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has said the following: “Once, I asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who leaves ‘Arafat and passes through al-Mash‘ar to Mina 5 without staying in al-Mash‘ar. In Mina’he throws pebbles on al-Jamarat and only when the sun rises high he comes to know. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go back to al-Mash‘ar, stay there for a while, then return to Mina 5 and throw pebbles . ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/134)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى الْخَثْعَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي رَجُلٍ لَمْ يَقِفْ بِالْمُزْدَلِفَةِ وَلَمْ يَبِتْ بِهَا حَتَّى أَتَى مِنًى فَقَالَ أَ لَمْ يَرَ النَّاسَ وَلَمْ يُنْكِرْ مِنًى حِينَ دَخَلَهَا قُلْتُ فَإِنْ جَهِلَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ يَرْجِعُ قُلْتُ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ قَدْ فَاتَهُ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Khath’amiy who has said the following: “About a man who had not stayed in al-Muzdalifah and did not pass the night there until he arrived in Mina’, he (the Imam) asked, ‘Did he not see the people and recognize Mina 5 when he arrived ? 5 I then asked, ‘What happens if he is ignorant about it ?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must go back.’ I then said, ‘He has missed such chance .’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful .’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/134)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَنْ أَفَاضَ مِنْ عَرَفَاتٍ مَعَ النَّاسِ وَلَمْ يَلْبَثْ مَعَهُمْ بِجَمْعٍ وَمَضَى إِلَى مِنًى مُتَعَمِّداً أَوْ مُسْتَخِفّاً فَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one leaves ‘Arafat with people, does not wait with them in Jam‘ and passes to Mina 5 intentionally or due to considering it unimportant, he owes one badanah.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/135)