171. The Case of One Who Misses Al-Hajj

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عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، وسهل بن زياد، عن الحسن بن محبوب عن داود الرقي قال: كنت مع أبي عبدالله عليه السلام بمنى إذا جاء رجل فقال: إن قوما قدموا يوم النحر وقد فاتهم الحج فقال: نسأل الله العافية وأرى أن يهريق كل واحد منهم دم شاة ويحلون وعليهم الحج من قابل إن انصرفوا إلى بلادهم وإن أقاموا حتى تمضي أيام التشريق بمكة ثم يخرجوا إلى وقت أهل مكة وأحرموا منه و اعتمروا فليس عليهم الحج من قابل.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from and Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Dawud al-Riqqiy who has said the following: “Once I was with abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in Mina 5 when a man came and asked about a people who arrived on the day of al-Nahr (slaughtering the offering) and they had missed their Hajj. He (the Imam) said, ‘We ask well-being from Allah and I say that every one of them must slaughter one sheep and come out of the state of Ihram. They owe Hajj in future if they go home. If they wait in Makkah until the days of Tashriq (11, 12 and 13 of Dhu al-Hajjah) are over, then go out to Miqat (place for assuming the state of Ihram) of the people of Makkah, assume the state of Ihram to perform al-‘Umrah, then they will not owe any Hajj in future. ‘“


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/137)



علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، ومحمد بن إسماعيل، عن الفضل بن شاذان، عن صفوان بن يحيى، وابن أبى عمير، عن معاوية بن عمار، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: من أدرك جمعا فقد أدرك الحج وقال: أيما قارن أو مفرد أو متمتع قدم وقد فاته الحج فليحل بعمرة وعليه الحج من قابل، قال: وقال في رجل أدرك الامام وهو بجمع فقال: إن ظن أنه يأتي عرفات فيقف بها قليلا ثم يدرك جمعا قبل طلوع الشمس فليأتها وإن ظن أنه لا يأتها حتى يفيضوا فلا يأتها وليقم بجمع فقد تم حجه.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Whoever attends Jam‘ has attended al-Hajj. 5 He (the Imam) has said, ‘Anyone performing al-Hajj as Qa’rin, Mufrid or as al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) who comes and misses al-Hajj, must come out of the state of Ihram of al-‘Umrah. He owes al-Hajj in future. 5 He (the Imam), about one who finds the Imam in Jam‘ has said that if he thinks that he can attend ‘Arafat, stay there for a little while and then can attend Jam‘ before sunrise, he must attend ‘Arafat. If he thinks that he cannot attend ‘Arafat before people leave, he must not attend ‘Arafat but stay in Jam‘ and his Hajj is complete. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/139)



علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن جميل بن دراج، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: من أدرك المشعر الحرام يوم النحر من قبل زوال الشمس فقد أدرك الحج.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who attends al-Mash‘ar al-Haram on the day of al- Nahr (slaughtering the offering) before Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime) he has attended al-Hajj. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/139)



عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن ابن فضال، عن عبدالله ابن المغيرة، عن إسحاق بن عمار، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: من أدرك المشعر الحرام وعليه خمسة من الناس قبل أن تزول الشمس فقد أدرك الحج.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Faddal from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that one who attends al-Mash‘ar al-Haram when there still are five people and it is before Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime) he has attended al-Hajj. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/139)



أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن هشام بن الحكم، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: من أدرك المشعر الحرام وعليه خمسة من الناس فقد فقد أدرك الحج.


5. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who attends al-Mash‘ar al-Haram (the sacred area) when five people are still there, he is considered, as having attended al-Hajj. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/140)



علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن بعض أصحابه، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: قال: تدري لم جعل ثلاث هنا؟ قال: قلت: لا قال: فمن أدرك شيئا منها فقد أدرك الحج.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked, ‘Do you know why there are three? I replied, ‘No, I do not know. 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘It is because if one attends one of them he has attended al-Hajj.’” (Fatwa best explains this Hadith)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/140)