167. The Night at al-Muzdalifah, Staying in al-Mash‘ar, Departing It and Its Limits

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ وَحَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ لا تُصَلِّ الْمَغْرِبَ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ جَمْعاً فَتُصَلِّيَ بِهَا الْمَغْرِبَ وَالْعِشَاءَ الآخِرَةَ بِأَذَانٍ وَاحِدٍ وَإِقَامَتَيْنِ وَانْزِلْ بِبَطْنِ الْوَادِي عَنْ يَمِينِ الطَّرِيقِ قَرِيباً مِنَ الْمَشْعَرِ وَيُسْتَحَبُّ لِلصَّرُورَةِ أَنْ يَقِفَ عَلَى الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ وَيَطَأَهُ بِرِجْلِهِ وَلا يُجَاوِزِ الْحِيَاضَ لَيْلَةَ الْمُزْدَلِفَةِ وَيَقُولُ اللهمَّ هَذِهِ جَمْعٌ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَجْمَعَ لِي فِيهَا جَوَامِعَ الْخَيْرِ اللهمَّ لا تُؤْيِسْنِي مِنَ الْخَيْرِ الَّذِي سَأَلْتُكَ أَنْ تَجْمَعَهُ لِي فِي قَلْبِي وَأَطْلُبُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ تُعَرِّفَنِي مَا عَرَّفْتَ أَوْلِيَاءَكَ فِي مَنْزِلِي هَذَا وَأَنْ تَقِيَنِي جَوَامِعَ الشَّرِّ وَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تُحْيِيَ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ فَافْعَلْ فَإِنَّهُ بَلَغَنَا أَنَّ أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ لا تُغْلَقُ تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ لأَصْوَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ لَهُمْ دَوِيٌّ كَدَوِيِّ النَّحْلِ يَقُولُ الله جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُهُ أَنَا رَبُّكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ عِبَادِي أَدَّيْتُمْ حَقِّي وَحَقٌّ عَلَيَّ أَنْ أَسْتَجِيبَ لَكُمْ فَيَحُطُّ الله تِلْكَ اللَّيْلَةَ عَمَّنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَحُطَّ عَنْهُ ذُنُوبَهُ وَيَغْفِرُ لِمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ لَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah and Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: (NOTE: Fatwa best explains the beginning of this Hadith.)“Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that you must not perform al-Maghrib Salat (prayer) until you arrive at al-Jam‘ so that you can perform both al-Maghrib and al-‘Isha’ al-’Akhirah with one Adhan and two ’Iqamah. You must disembark in valley on the right side of the road near al-Mash‘ar. One who performs al-Hajj for the first time should stay in al-Mash‘ar al-Haram, walk on foot but must not pass Hiyaz in the night of al-Muzdalifah, and should say, ‘O Allah, this is an assembly. O Allah, I appeal before You to accumulate for me all goodness. O Allah, do not deprive me of the goodness for which I have appealed before You, and accumulate all of it in my heart. I appeal before You to make me learn what You have made Your friends to learn at this place, and keep me safe from all wickedness and evil.’ You should remain, if you can, that night awake. It has come to us that the doors of the heaven remain open that night for the voices of the believing people, who express a humming voice like honey bees. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, says, ‘I am Your Lord and you are My servants. You have yielded to My rights and it is necessary for Me to answer your prayers.’ During that night Allah deletes the sins of whomever He wants and forgives whomever He decides to forgive.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/127)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ عَنْبَسَةَ بْنِ مُصْعَبٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الرَّكَعَاتِ الَّتِي بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ لَيْلَةَ الْمُزْدَلِفَةِ فَقَالَ صَلِّهَا بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءِ أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Muskan from ‘Anbasah ibn Mus’ab who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the Rak‘ats of Salat (prayer) after al-Maghrib during the night of al-Muzdalifah. He (the Imam) said, ‘Perform them after al-‘Isha’ as four Rak‘at.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/128)



3ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ يُسْتَحَبُّ لِلصَّرُورَةِ أَنْ يَطَأَ الْمَشْعَرَ الْحَرَامَ وَأَنْ يَدْخُلَ الْبَيْتَ.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is preferable for al-Sarura (one who performs al-Hajj for the first time) to walk on al-Mash‘ar al-Haram (name of a place) and enter the House. ’’’(Fatwa best explains Hadith 2-3 of this Chapter.)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/128)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ أَصْبِحْ عَلَى طُهْرٍ بَعْدَ مَا تُصَلِّي الْفَجْرَ فَقِفْ إِنْ شِئْتَ قَرِيباً مِنَ الْجَبَلِ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ حَيْثُ شِئْتَ فَإِذَا وَقَفْتَ فَاحْمَدِ الله وَأَثْنِ عَلَيْهِ وَاذْكُرْ مِنْ آلائِهِ وَبَلائِهِ مَا قَدَرْتَ عَلَيْهِ وَصَلِّ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَلْيَكُنْ مِنْ قَوْلِكَ اللهمَّ رَبَّ الْمَشْعَرِ الْحَرَامِ فُكَّ رَقَبَتِي مِنَ النَّارِ وَأَوْسِعْ عَلَيَّ مِنْ رِزْقِكَ الْحَلالِ وَادْرَأْ عَنِّي شَرَّ فَسَقَةِ الْجِنِّ وَالإِنْسِ اللهمَّ أَنْتَ خَيْرُ مَطْلُوبٍ إِلَيْهِ وَخَيْرُ مَدْعُوٍّ وَخَيْرُ مَسْئُولٍ وَلِكُلِّ وَافِدٍ جَائِزَةٌ فَاجْعَلْ جَائِزَتِي فِي مَوْطِنِي هَذَا أَنْ تُقِيلَنِي عَثْرَتِي وَتَقْبَلَ مَعْذِرَتِي وَأَنْ تَجَاوَزَ عَنْ خَطِيئَتِي ثُمَّ اجْعَلِ التَّقْوَى مِنَ الدُّنْيَا زَادِي ثُمَّ أَفِضْ حِينَ يُشْرِقُ لَكَ ثَبِيرٌ وَتَرَى الإِبِلُ مَوْضِعَ أَخْفَافِهَا.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that you must remain with a valid Wudu’ in the morning. After performing the morning salat (prayer), stay if you like, near the hill, or wherever you like. Praise Allah and thank Him, speak of His bounties and of His trials as much as you can and say, ‘O Allah, grant salawat (favors and compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause). This should be of what you may say, ‘O Allah, Lord of al-Mash‘ar al-Haram, set my neck free from hellfire, increase my sustenance of the lawful kind, keep away from me wickedness of sinful Jinn and man. O Allah, You are the best of those who are sought, the best of those before whom appeals are made and the best of those who are asked for help. Every delegate receives a gift. As gifts for me, ignore my mistakes, accept my excuses and forgive my transgressions; thereafter make piety my supplies of this world.’ Then leave as soon as it becomes bright enough to see the footprints of camels.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/129)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَيُّ سَاعَةٍ أَحَبُّ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ أُفِيضَ مِنْ جَمْعٍ فَقَالَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ بِقَلِيلٍ فَهِيَ أَحَبُّ السَّاعَاتِ إِلَيَّ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ مَكَثْنَا حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ قَالَ لَيْسَ بِهِ بَأْسٌ.


5. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the time in which he likes to leave al-JanT (Mash’ar). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is a little before sunrise. That is the best hour to me.’ I asked, ‘Can we wait until sunrise?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/130)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا تُجَاوِزْ وَادِيَ مُحَسِّرٍ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn al-Hakam who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must not cross Wadiy Muhassar (valley) until it is sunrise.’” (Fatwa best explains Ahadith 5-6 of this Chapter)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/130)