1. Virtue of Charity

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الصَّدَقَةُ تَدْفَعُ مِيتَةَ السَّوْءِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashim has narrated from his father, from al-Husayn ibn Yazid af-Nawfafiy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ’Charity dispels wicked forms of death.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/125)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيسَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ غَالِبٍ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْبِرُّ وَالصَّدَقَةُ يَنْفِيَانِ الْفَقْرَ وَيَزِيدَانِ فِي الْعُمُرِ وَيَدْفَعَانِ تِسْعِينَ مِيتَةَ السَّوْءِ. وَفِي خَبَرٍ آخَرَ وَيَدْفَعَانِ عَنْ شِيعَتِي مِيتَةَ السَّوْءِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan and Ahmad ibn Idris from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar all from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn Ghalib from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Benevolence and charity remove poverty, increase longevity of life and dispel seventy kinds of wicked forms of death.” Another Hadith has said that it ‘dispels wicked forms of death from our Shi`a.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/125)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْجَوْهَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لأَنْ أَحُجَّ حَجَّةً أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ أُعْتِقَ رَقَبَةً وَرَقَبَةً حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى عَشَرَةٍ وَمِثْلَهَا وَمِثْلَهَا حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى سَبْعِينَ وَلأَنْ أَعُولَ أَهْلَ بَيْتٍ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ أُشْبِعَ جَوْعَتَهُمْ وَأَكْسُوَ عَوْرَتَهُمْ وَأَكُفَّ وُجُوهَهُمْ عَنِ النَّاسِ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ أَحُجَّ حَجَّةً وَحَجَّةً وَحَجَّةً حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى عَشْرٍ وَعَشْرٍ وَعَشْرٍ وَمِثْلَهَا وَمِثْلَهَا حَتَّى انْتَهَى إِلَى سَبْعِينَ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Khalaf ibn Hammad from Isma‘il al-Jawhariy from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘I like performing Hajj more than setting free a slave, another slave and another slave . . .’ He went on to say up to ten slaves, and then up to seventy slaves. He then said, ‘If I support a Muslim family, satisfy their hunger, provide them clothes, and protect their dignity among people, it is more beloved to me than performing a Hajj and a Hajj and a Hajj . . .’ He went on to say up to seventy Hajj.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/125)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَنْ صَدَّقَ بِالْخَلَفِ جَادَ بِالْعَطِيَّةِ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘One who is certain of (good) consequences, he strives to make it a good gift.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/126)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) دَاوُوا مَرْضَاكُمْ بِالصَّدَقَةِ وَادْفَعُوا الْبَلاءَ بِالدُّعَاءِ وَاسْتَنْزِلُوا الرِّزْقَ بِالصَّدَقَةِ فَإِنَّهَا تُفَكُّ مِنْ بَيْنِ لُحِيِّ سَبْعِمِائَةِ شَيْطَانٍ وَلَيْسَ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَثْقَلَ عَلَى الشَّيْطَانِ مِنَ الصَّدَقَةِ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِ وَهِيَ تَقَعُ فِي يَدِ الرَّبِّ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى قَبْلَ أَنْ تَقَعَ فِي يَدِ الْعَبْدِ.


5. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from Muhammad ibn Khalid, from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim, from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Cure your illnesses by giving charity, repel misfortunes with prayer, and allow means of sustenance to descend upon you by giving charity. Charity finds its way through the beards of seven hundred Satans. No other thing is heavier upon Satan than when you give charity to a believing person. It finds its place in the hand of the Lord, the Most Blessed, the Most High, before finding its place in the hand of a servant (of Allah).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/126)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ جَدِّهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَرْضُ الْقِيَامَةِ نَارٌ مَا خَلا ظِلَّ الْمُؤْمِنِ فَإِنَّ صَدَقَتَهُ تُظِلُّهُ.


6. Ahmad ibn ‘Abd Allah has narrated from his grandfather from Muhammad ibn Ali from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn Zayd who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘The land on the Day of Judgment is all fire except the shadow of a believing person. His charity provides him shadow.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/126)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ الصَّدَقَةُ بِالْيَدِ تَقِي مِيتَةَ السَّوْءِ وَتَدْفَعُ سَبْعِينَ نَوْعاً مِنْ أَنْوَاعِ الْبَلاءِ وَتُفَكُّ عَنْ لُحِيِّ سَبْعِينَ شَيْطَاناً كُلُّهُمْ يَأْمُرُهُ أَنْ لا يَفْعَلَ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘Giving charity by one’s own hand repels seventy kinds of misfortune, which finds its way out through the beards of seven hundred Satans who all try to stop him from giving charity.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/126)



8ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ كَانَ فِي وَصِيَّةِ النَّبِيِّ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لأَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ صَلَوَاتُ الله وَسَلامُهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَمَّا الصَّدَقَةُ فَجُهْدَكَ جُهْدَكَ حَتَّى يُقَالَ قَدْ أَسْرَفْتَ وَلَمْ تُسْرِفْ.


8. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, narrate this Hadith. ‘It is in the will of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, which is addressed to ’Amir al-Mu’minin, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. “As far as charity is concerned, strive to do your best until it is said that you have exceeded the limit, but in fact you have not exceeded.” He (the Messenger of Allah) has explained.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/126)



9ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ يُسْتَحَبُّ لِلْمَرِيضِ أَنْ يُعْطِيَ السَّائِلَ بِيَدِهِ وَيَأْمُرَ السَّائِلَ أَنْ يَدْعُوَ لَهُ.


9. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that it is preferable for a person suffering from illness to give charity with his own hand to one who asks for charity, then ask him to pray for him.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/127)



10ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ أَخْبَرْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنِّي أُصِبْتُ بِابْنَيْنِ وَبَقِيَ لِي بُنَيٌّ صَغِيرٌ فَقَالَ تَصَدَّقْ عَنْهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ حِينَ حَضَرَ قِيَامِي مُرِ الصَّبِيَّ فَلْيَتَصَدَّقْ بِيَدِهِ بِالْكِسْرَةِ وَالْقَبْضَةِ وَالشَّيْ‏ءِ وَإِنْ قَلَّ فَإِنَّ كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يُرَادُ بِهِ الله وَإِنْ قَلَّ بَعْدَ أَنْ تَصْدُقَ النِّيَّةُ فِيهِ عَظِيمٌ إِنَّ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْراً يَرَهُ وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ مِثْقالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ وَقَالَ فَلا اقْتَحَمَ الْعَقَبَةَ وَما أَدْراكَ مَا الْعَقَبَةُ فَكُّ رَقَبَةٍ أَوْ إِطْعامٌ فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي مَسْغَبَةٍ يَتِيماً ذا مَقْرَبَةٍ أَوْ مِسْكِيناً ذا مَتْرَبَةٍ عَلِمَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنَّ كُلَّ أَحَدٍ لا يَقْدِرُ عَلَى فَكِّ رَقَبَةٍ فَجَعَلَ إِطْعَامَ الْيَتِيمِ وَالْمِسْكِينِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ تَصَدَّقْ عَنْهُ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Muhammad ibn Ali from Muhammad ibn ‘Amr ibn Yazid who has said the following: “I informed abu al-Hassan al-Rida, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the passing away of my two sons and that only one small son is living. The Imam said, ‘You should give charity for his safety.’ When I was about to leave, he said, ‘Ask your son to give charity with his own hands; it can be a piece, a handful or even something very small. Anything whereby one can seek the pleasure of Allah with true intention, even though very small, is a great thing. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, says, “Whoever does a good deed, even if it is as small as the size of an atom, he will find its result; so also is the case of one who does a bad deed. (99:7-8) ”He has also said, “They have not yet entered al-‘Aqabah (mountain-pass). What do you think al-‘Aqabah is? Al-‘Aqabah is the setting free of a slave or providing food during a famine for a relative’s orphan or to a destitute person. (90:11-16)” He has also said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, knows that everyone is unable to set a slave free. Thus, in the giving of charity, He has considered feeding an orphan or a destitute person the same as setting free a slave.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (6/127)



11ـ غَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَمِيلَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) تَصَدَّقُوا وَلَوْ بِصَاعٍ مِنْ تَمْرٍ وَلَوْ بِبَعْضِ صَاعٍ وَلَوْ بِقَبْضَةٍ وَلَوْ بِبَعْضِ قَبْضَةٍ وَلَوْ بِتَمْرَةٍ وَلَوْ بِشِقِّ تَمْرَةٍ فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَبِكَلِمَةٍ لَيِّنَةٍ فَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لاقٍ الله فَقَائِلٌ لَهُ أَ لَمْ أَفْعَلْ بِكَ أَ لَمْ أَجْعَلْكَ سَمِيعاً بَصِيراً أَ لَمْ أَجْعَلْ لَكَ مَالاً وَوَلَداً فَيَقُولُ بَلَى فَيَقُولُ الله تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فَانْظُرْ مَا قَدَّمْتَ لِنَفْسِكَ قَالَ فَيَنْظُرُ قُدَّامَهُ وَخَلْفَهُ وَعَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَعَنْ شِمَالِهِ فَلا يَجِدُ شَيْئاً يَقِي بِهِ وَجْهَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ.


11. More than one person from our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from more than one narrator from abu Jamilah who has said the following: “This is a narration of abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, from the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. He (the Messenger of Allah) has said, ‘You must give charity even if it is one Sa‘ (a certain unit of measurement) of dates or less, or a handful or less or one piece of date or less, and if one does not find even this much, he should speak a soothing word. One of you may come in the presence of Allah who may ask, “Did I not do for you (all the things you have)? Did I not give you eyes and ears; did I not give you property and children?” He will say, “Yes, You gave me all such things.” Allah, the most Blessed, the most High, will say, “Look what you have sent for yourself?”’ He then said, ‘This person then looks around to his front, back, right and left and does not find anything to protect him from the fire.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (16/127)