158. When to Walk on Foot for al-Hajj and When to Ride Transporting Animals

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1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنَّا نُرِيدُ أَنْ نَخْرُجَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ مُشَاةً فَقَالَ لَنَا لا تَمْشُوا وَاخْرُجُوا رُكْبَاناً قُلْتُ أَصْلَحَكَ الله إِنَّهُ بَلَغَنَا عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَحُجُّ مَاشِياً فَقَالَ كَانَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) يَحُجُّ مَاشِياً وَتُسَاقُ مَعَهُ الْمَحَامِلُ وَالرِّحَالُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that we want to leave for Makkah on foot. He (the Imam) said, ‘You must not go on foot. Go riding/ I then said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep you well, we are told that al-Hassan ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would perform al-Hajj on foot.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Al-Hassan, ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, performed al-Hajj on foot and accompanied carriages on camel’s backs and riding camels.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/108)



2ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَيْفٍ التَّمَّارِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله إِنَّا كُنَّا نَحُجُّ مُشَاةً فَبَلَغَنَا عَنْكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَمَا تَرَى قَالَ إِنَّ النَّاسَ لَيَحُجُّونَ مُشَاةً وَيَرْكَبُونَ قُلْتُ لَيْسَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ أَسْأَلُكَ قَالَ فَعَنْ أَيِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ سَأَلْتَ قُلْتُ أَيُّهُمَا أَحَبُّ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ نَصْنَعَ قَالَ تَرْكَبُونَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ فَإِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَقْوَى لَكُمْ عَلَى الدُّعَاءِ وَالْعِبَادَةِ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Sayf al-Tammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about performing al-Hajj on foot, a Hadith that had been narrated from him (the Imam) and his view about it. He (the Imam) said, ‘People perform al-Hajj both on foot and riding.’ I then said that that is not my question.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘What was your question?’ I asked, ‘Which way is more desirable to you?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘I like that you travel riding because it preserves your strength for supplications and worship.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/109)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْمَشْيُ أَفْضَلُ أَوِ الرُّكُوبُ فَقَالَ إِذَا كَانَ الرَّجُلُ مُوسِراً فَمَشَى لِيَكُونَ أَقَلَّ لِنَفَقَتِهِ فَالرُّكُوبُ أَفْضَلُ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about traveling for al-Hajj if on foot is more virtuous or riding. He (the Imam) said, ‘If one is affluent and he travels on foot to reduce his expenses then riding is more virtuous.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/109)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ وَابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنِ الْحَجِّ مَاشِياً أَفْضَلُ أَوْ رَاكِباً قَالَ بَلْ رَاكِباً فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) حَجَّ رَاكِباً.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Rifa‘ah and ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about traveling for al-Hajj if on foot was more virtuous or riding. He (the Imam) said, ‘Riding is more virtuous because the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, traveled for al-Hajj riding.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/110)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ فَضَالَةَ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ مَشْيِ الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ مَكَّةَ أَوْ مِنَ الْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ إِذَا زُرْتُ الْبَيْتَ أَرْكَبُ أَوْ أَمْشِي فَقَالَ كَانَ الْحَسَنُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَزُورُ رَاكِباً وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرُّكُوبُ أَفْضَلُ أَوِ الْمَشْيُ فَقَالَ الرُّكُوبُ قُلْتُ الرُّكُوبُ أَفْضَلُ مِنَ الْمَشْيِ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ لأَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) رَكِبَ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Fadalah ibn Ayyub from Rifa‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and his walking on foot; if it was from Makkah or al-Madinah. He (the Imam) said, ‘It was from Makkah.’ I then asked, ‘If I visit the House, should I walk on foot or riding?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would visit riding.’ I then asked, ‘Is riding more virtuous or walking on foot?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Riding is more virtuous than walking on foot because the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, did so riding.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/110)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ مَتَى يَنْقَطِعُ مَشْيُ الْمَاشِي قَالَ إِذَا رَمَى جَمْرَةَ الْعَقَبَةِ وَحَلَقَ رَأْسَهُ فَقَدِ انْقَطَعَ مَشْيُهُ فَلْيَزُرْ رَاكِباً.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-FIakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man traveling on foot; where it stops? He (the Imam) said, ‘When one throws the pebbles on Jamarah al-‘Aqabah and shaves his head his walking stops, and he must visit riding.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/110)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ هَمَّامٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ الْمَشْيُ فِي الْحَجِّ إِذَا رَمَى الْجِمَارَ زَارَ الْبَيْتَ رَاكِباً وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ‘Isma’il ibn Hammam who has said the following: “Abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the one who travels on foot for al-Hajj, has said, ‘When one throws pebbles on Jamar, he can visit the House riding; and he is not obligated for anything in this matter.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/110)