157. Assuming the State of Ihram on the Day of al-Tarwiyah (8th of Dhu al-Hajjah)

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَصَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ التَّرْوِيَةِ إِنْ شَاءَ الله فَاغْتَسِلْ وَالْبَسْ ثَوْبَيْكَ وَادْخُلِ الْمَسْجِدَ حَافِياً وَعَلَيْكَ السَّكِينَةَ وَالْوَقَارَ ثُمَّ صَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَوْ فِي الْحِجْرِ ثُمَّ اقْعُدْ حَتَّى تَزُولَ الشَّمْسُ فَصَلِّ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ ثُمَّ قُلْ فِي دُبُرِ صَلاتِكَ كَمَا قُلْتَ حِينَ أَحْرَمْتَ مِنَ الشَّجَرَةِ وَأَحْرِمْ بِالْحَجِّ ثُمَّ امْضِ وَعَلَيْكَ السَّكِينَةَ وَالْوَقَارَ فَإِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى الرَّفْضَاءِ دُونَ الرَّدْمِ فَلَبِّ فَإِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ إِلَى الرَّدْمِ وَأَشْرَفْتَ عَلَى الأَبْطَحِ فَارْفَعْ صَوْتَكَ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ حَتَّى تَأْتِيَ مِنًى.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Safwan from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when it is the day of al-Tarwiyah, by the will of Allah, you should take a bath and dress up in your two pieces of cloth, enter the Sacred Masjid barefoot, with calmness and dignity. Thereafter perform two Rak’at Salat (prayer) near the station of Ibrahim or in al-Hijr, then wait until the sun declines toward the west, thereafter perform the obligatory Salat (prayer). After your Salat (prayer), you must say what you had said when assuming Ihram in Masjid of al-Shajarah. Thereafter assume Ihram for al-Hajj. You should move on with calmness and dignity. When you arrive at al-Rafda’ (name of a place) before al-Radm (name of a place), then say Talbiyah. When you arrive in al-Radm wherefrom you can see al-Abtah (name of a place), then raise your voice saying Talbiyah until you arrive in Mina.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/105)



2ـ وَفِي رِوَايَةِ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تُحْرِمَ يَوْمَ التَّرْوِيَةِ فَاصْنَعْ كَمَا صَنَعْتَ حِينَ أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تُحْرِمَ وَخُذْ مِنْ شَارِبِكَ وَمِنْ أَظْفَارِكَ وَاطْلِ عَانَتَكَ إِنْ كَانَ لَكَ شَعْرٌ وَانْتِفْ إِبْطَيْكَ وَاغْتَسِلْ وَالْبَسْ ثَوْبَيْكَ ثُمَّ ائْتِ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ فَصَلِّ فِيهِ سِتَّ رَكَعَاتٍ قَبْلَ أَنْ تُحْرِمَ وَتَدْعُو الله وَتَسْأَلُهُ الْعَوْنَ وَتَقُولُ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أُرِيدُ الْحَجَّ فَيَسِّرْهُ لِي وَحُلَّنِي حَيْثُ حَبَسْتَنِي لِقَدَرِكَ الَّذِي قَدَّرْتَ عَلَيَّ وَتَقُولُ أَحْرَمَ لَكَ شَعْرِي وَبَشَرِي وَلَحْمِي وَدَمِي مِنَ النِّسَاءِ وَالطِّيبِ وَالثِّيَابِ أُرِيدُ بِذَلِكَ وَجْهَكَ وَالدَّارَ الآخِرَةَ وَحُلَّنِي حَيْثُ حَبَسْتَنِي لِقَدَرِكَ الَّذِي قَدَّرْتَ عَلَيَّ ثُمَّ تُلَبِّ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ كَمَا لَبَّيْتَ حِينَ أَحْرَمْتَ وَتَقُولُ لَبَّيْكَ بِحَجَّةٍ تَمَامُهَا وَبَلاغُهَا عَلَيْكَ وَإِنْ قَدَرْتَ أَنْ يَكُونَ فِي رَوَاحِكَ إِلَى مِنًى زَوَالُ الشَّمْسِ وَإِلاَّ فَمَتَى مَا تَيَسَّرَ لَكَ مِنْ يَوْمِ التَّرْوِيَةِ.


2. According to the narration from abu Basir abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said the following: “When you, on the day al-Tarwiyah, decide to assume the state of Ihram, you should do what you had done when assuming the state of Ihram. You should trim your mustache, your finger nails, apply paste to remove your pubic hairs if there are any and pluck out the hairs of your under-arms. Take Ghusl (bath) and wear the two pieces of your cloth for Ihram, then go to the Sacred Masjid, perform six Rak’at Salat (prayer) before assuming Ihram. Pray to Allah, ask Him for support and say, ‘O Allah, I have decided to perform al-Hajj, so make it easy for me and release me after that; You have withheld me by Your power/ Also say, ’For Your sake I have denied myself to allow my hair, skin, flesh, blood from approaching women, perfumes and dresses. I do it for Your sake and for the sake of the next life. Release me as You have withheld me by Your power.’ Thereafter say Talbiyah (here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command) from Masjid al-Haram (the Sacred Masjid), just as you had done when assuming the state of Ihram and say, ’Here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command during my performing the acts of al-Hajj and I leave its completion and acceptability to You.’ Your leaving for Mina’ if possible should take place at Zawal (declining of the sun toward the west at noontime); if this cannot happen then whenever possible you should leave, on the day of al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al- Hajjah) is fine.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/107)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ وَقَدْ أَزْمَعَ بِالْحَجِّ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ قَالَ نَعَمْ مَا لَمْ يُحْرِمْ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who comes to Masjid al-Haram with the intention to commence al-Hajj, if he can perform Tawaf around the House. He (the Imam) said, ’Yes, as long as he has not assumed the state of Ihram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/107)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي أَحْمَدَ عَمْرِو بْنِ حُرَيْثٍ الصَّيْرَفِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ أَيْنَ أُهِلُّ بِالْحَجِّ فَقَالَ إِنْ شِئْتَ مِنْ رَحْلِكَ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ مِنَ الْكَعْبَةِ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ مِنَ الطَّرِيقِ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from abu Ahmad ‘Amr ibn Hurayth al-Sayrafiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’From where should I commence Talbiyah for al- Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You can do so from your lodging place, or from al-Ka‘bah or from anywhere you like on the way.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/108)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مِنْ أَيِّ الْمَسْجِدِ أُحْرِمُ يَوْمَ التَّرْوِيَةِ فَقَالَ مِنْ أَيِّ الْمَسْجِدِ شِئْتَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from ibn Faddal from Yunus from Ya’qub who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ’From which Masjid should I assume the state of Ihram on the day of al-Tarwiyah (eight of Dhu al-Hajjah)?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘You can do so from whichever Masjid you like.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/108)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَتَى أُلَبِّي بِالْحَجِّ فَقَالَ إِذَا خَرَجْتَ إِلَى مِنًى ثُمَّ قَالَ إِذَا جَعَلْتَ شِعْبَ دُبٍّ عَلَى يَمِينِكَ وَالْعَقَبَةَ عَنْ يَسَارِكَ فَلَبِّ بِالْحَجِّ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Sulayman ibn Muhammad from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘When must I say Talbiyah for al-Hajj?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘When you leave for Mina’. Then he (the Imam) said, ‘When you reach the point where you find Shi‘b Dubb on your right and al-‘Aqabah on your left, then commence saying Talbiyah for al-Hajj.’” (Fatwa best explains this hadith and the following chapters).


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/108)