156. Prayer About Menses

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا أَشْرَفَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ عَلَى مَنَاسِكِهَا وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ فَلْتَغْتَسِلْ وَلْتَحْتَشِ بِالْكُرْسُفِ وَلْتَقِفْ هِيَ وَنِسْوَةٌ خَلْفَهَا فَيُؤَمِّنَّ عَلَى دُعَائِهَا وَتَقُولُ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِكُلِّ اسْمٍ هُوَ لَكَ أَوْ تَسَمَّيْتَ بِهِ لأَحَدٍ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ أَوِ اسْتَأْثَرْتَ بِهِ فِي عِلْمِ الْغَيْبِ عِنْدَكَ وَأَسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الأَعْظَمِ الأَعْظَمِ وَبِكُلِّ حَرْفٍ أَنْزَلْتَهُ عَلَى مُوسَى وَبِكُلِّ حَرْفٍ أَنْزَلْتَهُ عَلَى عِيسَى وَبِكُلِّ حَرْفٍ أَنْزَلْتَهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِلاَّ أَذْهَبْتَ عَنِّي هَذَا الدَّمَ وَإِذَا أَرَادَتْ أَنْ تَدْخُلَ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ أَوْ مَسْجِدَ الرَّسُولِ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَعَلَتْ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ وَتَأْتِي مَقَامَ جَبْرَئِيلَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَهُوَ تَحْتَ الْمِيزَابِ فَإِنَّهُ كَانَ مَكَانَهُ إِذَا اسْتَأْذَنَ عَلَى نَبِيِّ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ فَذَلِكَ مَقَامٌ لا تَدْعُو الله فِيهِ حَائِضٌ تَسْتَقْبِلُ الْقِبْلَةَ وَتَدْعُو بِدُعَاءِ الدَّمِ إِلاَّ رَأَتِ الطُّهْرَ إِنْ شَاءَ الله.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’When a woman experiences menses at a time when she is about to commence the acts of her al-Hajj, she should take a shower and use al-kursuf, stand up with women behind her who should say ‘Amen’ for her prayers. She should say, ‘O Allah, I appeal before You through every name that is Your name or with which You have named Yourself for any of Your creatures or have kept in Your hidden knowledge before You. I appeal before You through the greatest of Your great names and through every word that You revealed to Moses, through every word that You revealed to Jesus and through every word that You revealed to Muhammad, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, cleanse me of this blood.’ If she wants to enter Masjid al-Haram (the Sacred Masjid) or the Masjid of the Holy Prophet, she should do the same thing. He (the Imam) said, ‘She should go to station of Jibril (Gabriel) which is under al-Mizab. This is his place wherefrom he would ask permission from the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘This is the place where she should pray to Allah, facing the direction of Ka‘bah and say the prayer about menses. She will be cleansed, by the will of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/103)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ حَاضَتْ صَاحِبَتِي وَأَنَا بِالْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَ مِيعَادُ جَمَّالِنَا وَإِبَّانُ مُقَامِنَا وَخُرُوجِنَا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَطْهُرَ وَلَمْ تَقْرَبِ الْمَسْجِدَ وَلا الْقَبْرَ وَلا الْمِنْبَرَ فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَقَالَ مُرْهَا فَلْتَغْتَسِلْ وَلْتَأْتِ مَقَامَ جَبْرَئِيلَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فَإِنَّ جَبْرَئِيلَ كَانَ يَجِي‏ءُ فَيَسْتَأْذِنُ عَلَى رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَإِنْ كَانَ عَلَى حَالٍ لا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ يَأْذَنَ لَهُ قَامَ فِي مَكَانِهِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ إِلَيْهِ وَإِنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ وَأَيْنَ الْمَكَانُ فَقَالَ حِيَالَ الْمِيزَابِ الَّذِي إِذَا خَرَجْتَ مِنَ الْبَابِ الَّذِي يُقَالُ لَهُ بَابُ فَاطِمَةَ بِحِذَاءِ الْقَبْرِ إِذَا رَفَعْتَ رَأْسَكَ بِحِذَاءِ الْمِيزَابِ وَالْمِيزَابُ فَوْقَ رَأْسِكَ وَالْبَابُ مِنْ وَرَاءِ ظَهْرِكَ وَتَجْلِسُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْمَوْضِعِ وَتَجْلِسُ مَعَهَا نِسَاءٌ وَلْتَدْعُ رَبَّهَا وَيُؤَمِّنَّ عَلَى دُعَائِهَا قَالَ فَقُلْتُ وَأَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَقُولُ قَالَ تَقُولُ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ الله لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَنْ تَفْعَلَ لِي كَذَا وَكَذَا قَالَ فَصَنَعَتْ صَاحِبَتِيَ الَّذِي أَمَرَنِي فَطَهُرَتْ وَدَخَلَتِ الْمَسْجِدَ قَالَ وَكَانَ لَنَا خَادِمٌ أَيْضاً فَحَاضَتْ فَقَالَتْ يَا سَيِّدِي أَ لا أَذْهَبُ أَنَا زَادَةً فَأَصْنَعُ كَمَا صَنَعَتْ سَيِّدَتِي فَقُلْتُ بَلَى فَذَهَبَتْ فَصَنَعَتْ مِثْلَ مَا صَنَعَتْ مَوْلاتُهَا فَطَهُرَتْ وَدَخَلَتِ الْمَسْجِدَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from those whom he has mentioned from ibn Bukayr from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has said the following: “My partner experienced menses in al-Madinah when it was the time for our transporters to come and leave, when she had not been able to go close to the Masjid, the grave or pulpit of the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. I mentioned it to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and he said, ‘Ask her to take a shower and go to Maqam (station) of Jibril. Jibril from that place would ask permission from the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, for a meeting. In case meeting was not convenient, he would remain there until he came out, to give him permission.’ I then asked, ‘Where is that place?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘It is under al-Mizab. When you come to the door called door of Fatimah next to the grave and upon raising your head, you see al- Mizab right above your head and the door is behind you. She should sit at that place and women behind her. She should pray to her Lord and women behind her should say ‘Amen’ to her prayers.’ I (the narrator) asked, ‘What should she then say?’ He (the Imam) replied that she should say, ‘O Allah, I appeal before You and You are Allah. Nothing is like You, so You do for me so and so things.’ My partner followed the instruction and she became clean. Thereafter she visited the Masjid.’ He has said that our housemaid had a similar case and asked me if she could also do what my partner had done. I said, ‘Yes, she also can do so. She also followed the instruction and it was successful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/103)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله الأَزْدِيِّ شَرِيكِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ امْرَأَةً مُسْلِمَةً صَحِبَتْنِي حَتَّى انْتَهَيْتُ إِلَى بُسْتَانِ بَنِي عَامِرٍ فَحَرُمَتْ عَلَيْهَا الصَّلاةُ فَدَخَلَهَا مِنْ ذَاكَ أَمْرٌ عَظِيمٌ فَخَافَتْ أَنْ تَذْهَبَ مُتْعَتُهَا فَأَمَرَتْنِي أَنْ أَذْكُرَ ذَلِكَ لَكَ وَأَسْأَلَكَ كَيْفَ تَصْنَعُ فَقَالَ قُلْ لَهَا فَلْتَغْتَسِلْ نِصْفَ النَّهَارِ وَتَلْبَسُ ثِيَاباً نِظَافاً وَتَجْلِسُ فِي مَكَانٍ نَظِيفٍ وَتَجْلِسُ حَوْلَهَا نِسَاءٌ يُؤَمِّنَّ إِذَا دَعَتْ وَتَعَاهَدْ لَهَا زَوَالَ الشَّمْسِ فَإِذَا زَالَتْ فَمُرْهَا فَلْتَدْعُ بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ وَلْيُؤَمِّنَّ النِّسَاءُ عَلَى دُعَائِهَا حَوْلَهَا كُلَّمَا دَعَتْ تَقُولُ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِكُلِّ اسْمٍ هُوَ لَكَ وَبِكُلِّ اسْمٍ تَسَمَّيْتَ بِهِ لأَحَدٍ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ وَهُوَ مَرْفُوعٌ مَخْزُونٌ فِي عِلْمِ الْغَيْبِ عِنْدَكَ وَأَسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الأَعْظَمِ الأَعْظَمِ الَّذِي إِذَا سُئِلْتَ بِهِ كَانَ حَقّاً عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُجِيبَ أَنْ تَقْطَعَ عَنِّي هَذَا الدَّمَ فَإِنِ انْقَطَعَ الدَّمُ وَإِلاَّ دَعَتْ بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ الثَّانِي فَقُلْ لَهَا فَلْتَقُلِ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِكُلِّ حَرْفٍ أَنْزَلْتَهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَبِكُلِّ حَرْفٍ أَنْزَلْتَهُ عَلَى مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَبِكُلِّ حَرْفٍ أَنْزَلْتَهُ عَلَى عِيسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) وَبِكُلِّ حَرْفٍ أَنْزَلْتَهُ فِي كِتَابٍ مِنْ كُتُبِكَ وَبِكُلِّ دَعْوَةٍ دَعَاكَ بِهَا مَلَكٌ مِنْ مَلائِكَتِكَ أَنْ تَقْطَعَ عَنِّي هَذَا الدَّمَ فَإِنِ انْقَطَعَ فَلَمْ تَرَ يَوْمَهَا ذَلِكَ شَيْئاً وَإِلاَّ فَلْتَغْتَسِلْ مِنَ الْغَدِ فِي مِثْلِ تِلْكَ السَّاعَةِ الَّتِي اغْتَسَلَتْ فِيهَا بِالأَمْسِ فَإِذَا زَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَلْتُصَلِّ وَلْتَدْعُ بِالدُّعَاءِ وَلْيُؤَمِّنَّ النِّسْوَةُ إِذَا دَعَتْ فَفَعَلَتْ ذَلِكَ الْمَرْأَةُ فَارْتَفَعَ عَنْهَا الدَّمُ حَتَّى قَضَتْ مُتْعَتَهَا وَحَجَّهَا وَانْصَرَفْنَا رَاجِعِينَ فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيْنَا إِلَى بُسْتَانِ بَنِي عَامِرٍ عَاوَدَهَا الدَّمُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَدْعُو بِهَذَيْنِ الدُّعَائَيْنِ فِي دُبُرِ صَلاتِي فَقَالَ ادْعُ بِالأَوَّلِ إِنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَأَمَّا الآخَرُ فَلا تَدْعُ بِهِ إِلاَّ فِي الأَمْرِ الْفَظِيعِ يَنْزِلُ بِكَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Safmah ibn af-Khattab from Ali ibn al-Hassan from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from Bakr ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Azdiy Sharik abu Hamzah al-Thumaliy who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, a Muslim woman accompanied me until we reached the gardens of banu ‘Amir, where she began to experience menses. She felt a great concern about losing her acts of al-‘Umrah. She asked me to mention it before you for an answer. He (the Imam) said, ‘Ask her to take a shower at noontime, dress in clean clothes, and sit in a clean place with women around her who should say ‘Amen’ for her prayers. She should keep doing so when the sun declines toward the west. She then say the following prayer and women behind should say ‘Amen’, £ 0 Allah, I appeal before You through every name that is Your name or with which You have named Yourself for any of Your creatures, or have treasured or kept high in Your hidden knowledge before You. I appeal before You through the greatest of Your great names, whereby if You are asked You deem it necessary to answer, please cleanse me of this blood.’ If it did not stop, she should say this prayer. £ 0 Allah, I appeal before You through every word that You revealed to Muhammad, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. (I appeal before You) through every word that You revealed to Moses, through every word that You revealed to Jesus and through every word that You revealed in any of Your books, through every prayer with which any of Your angels have prayed before You to cleanse me of this blood.’ If it did not stop, she should do the same thing the next day at the same time. She should take a shower when the sun declines to the west, from a point verhead, say salat (prayer) and women should say ‘Amen’ for her prayer.’ That woman followed the instruction and she became clean. She performed all acts of al- £ Umrah and al-Hajj in clean condition and returned. As soon as we reached the gardens of banu ‘Amir, she experienced menses again. I then asked him (the Imam), ‘Can I say this prayers after my salat (prayer). He (the Imam) replied, ‘You can say the first prayer if you like but do not say the second unless it is a desperate condition.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/104)