13. About the Words of Allah, ‘Whoever Enters Therein Gains Immunity

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ دَخَلَهُ كانَ آمِناً الْبَيْتَ عَنَى أَمِ الْحَرَمَ قَالَ مَنْ دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ مِنَ النَّاسِ مُسْتَجِيراً بِهِ فَهُوَ آمِنٌ مِنْ سَخَطِ الله وَمَنْ دَخَلَهُ مِنَ الْوَحْشِ وَالطَّيْرِ كَانَ آمِناً مِنْ أَنْ يُهَاجَ أَوْ يُؤْذَى حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Mahbub from ‘ Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘Whoever enters it (al-Haram, the Sacred area) gains immunity. 5 (3:96) Does it refer to the House only or it applies to al-Harm also? 5 He (the Imam) replied, ‘Of the people whoever enters, seeking refuge and protection therein, he is immune from the anger of Allah. Those of beasts and birds which enter al-Haram are also immune from mistreatment and injuries until they leave al- Haram. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/70)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ دَخَلَهُ كانَ آمِناً قَالَ إِذَا أَحْدَثَ الْعَبْدُ فِي غَيْرِ الْحَرَمِ جِنَايَةً ثُمَّ فَرَّ إِلَى الْحَرَمِ لَمْ يَسَعْ لأَحَدٍ أَنْ يَأْخُذَهُ فِي الْحَرَمِ وَلَكِنْ يُمْنَعُ مِنَ السُّوقِ وَلا يُبَايَعُ وَلا يُطْعَمُ وَلا يُسْقَى وَلا يُكَلَّمُ فَإِنَّهُ إِذَا فُعِلَ ذَلِكَ بِهِ يُوشِكُ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ فَيُؤْخَذَ وَإِذَا جَنَى فِي الْحَرَمِ جِنَايَةً أُقِيمَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَدُّ فِي الْحَرَمِ لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَدَعْ لِلْحَرَمِ حُرْمَتَهُ. مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ دَخَلَهُ كانَ آمِناً قَالَ إِنْ سَرَقَ سَارِقٌ بِغَيْرِ مَكَّةَ أَوْ جَنَى جِنَايَةً عَلَى نَفْسِهِ فَفَرَّ إِلَى مَكَّةَ لَمْ يُؤْخَذْ مَا دَامَ فِي الْحَرَمِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنْهُ وَلَكِنْ يُمْنَعُ مِنَ السُّوقِ وَلا يُبَايَعُ وَلا يُجَالَسُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنْهُ فَيُؤْخَذَ وَإِنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي الْحَرَمِ ذَلِكَ الْحَدَثَ أُخِذَ فِيهِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, ‘Whoever enters it (al-Haram, the sacred area) gains immunity. 5 (3:96) He (the Imam) said, ‘If a servant (of Allah) commits a crime outside al-Haram (the sacred area) then flees to al- Haram, no one can arrest him inside al-Haram; however, he can be stopped from entering the market place, to buy or sell; he is not fed, provided drink or spoken to. If this is done, he eventually leaves; then he can be arrested. If one commits a crime inside al-Haram, he is brought to justice inside al- Haram; he has violated the sanctity of al-Haram.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/71)



مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ دَخَلَهُ كانَ آمِناً قَالَ إِنْ سَرَقَ سَارِقٌ بِغَيْرِ مَكَّةَ أَوْ جَنَى جِنَايَةً عَلَى نَفْسِهِ فَفَرَّ إِلَى مَكَّةَ لَمْ يُؤْخَذْ مَا دَامَ فِي الْحَرَمِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنْهُ وَلَكِنْ يُمْنَعُ مِنَ السُّوقِ وَلا يُبَايَعُ وَلا يُجَالَسُ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنْهُ فَيُؤْخَذَ وَإِنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي الْحَرَمِ ذَلِكَ الْحَدَثَ أُخِذَ فِيهِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meaning of the words of Allah, ‘Whoever enters it he gains immunity. 5 (3:96) He (the Imam) said, ‘If a thief steals something in a place other than Makkah or commits a crime against his own self, then flees to Makkah, he cannot be arrested in al-Haram (the sacred area) until he comes out. However, he can be stopped from going to the market places, selling, buying and from sitting with people until he goes out of al-Haram (the sacred area), then he can be arrested, but if he commits such things inside al-Haram (the sacred area) he can be arrested and taken in custody. ‘“


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/72)