14. Deviation from Law and Committing Crimes in Makkah

Back to book

1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ أُتِيَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَقِيلَ لَهُ إِنَّ سَبُعاً مِنَ سِبَاعِ الطَّيْرِ عَلَى الْكَعْبَةِ لَيْسَ يَمُرُّ بِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ مِنْ حَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ إِلاَّ ضَرَبَهُ فَقَالَ انْصِبُوا لَهُ وَاقْتُلُوهُ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ أَلْحَدَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, came in the Masjid and it was said to him that a bird of prey is on al-Ka‘bah and it hits every pigeon that passes. He (the Imam) said, ‘Catch and kill it because it has committed deviation.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/72)



2ـ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ يُرِدْ فِيهِ بِإِلْحادٍ بِظُلْمٍ قَالَ كُلُّ ظُلْمٍ إِلْحَادٌ وَضَرْبُ الْخَادِمِ فِي غَيْرِ ذَنْبٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الإِلْحَادِ.


2. Ibn abu ‘Umayr has narrated from Mu‘awiyah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘One who is found therein in deviation and injustice. . . .’ (22:24) He (the Imam) said, ‘All forms of injustice is deviation, causing harms to a servant without sin is of such deviation.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/73)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَمَنْ يُرِدْ فِيهِ بِإِلْحادٍ بِظُلْمٍ نُذِقْهُ مِنْ عَذابٍ أَلِيمٍ فَقَالَ كُلُّ ظُلْمٍ يَظْلِمُهُ الرَّجُلُ نَفْسُهُ بِمَكَّةَ مِنْ سَرِقَةٍ أَوْ ظُلْمِ أَحَدٍ أَوْ شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ الظُّلْمِ فَإِنِّي أَرَاهُ إِلْحَاداً وَلِذَلِكَ كَانَ يُتَّقَى أَنْ يُسْكَنَ الْحَرَمُ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘We will make one who is found there with deviation with injustice to taste painful punishment.’ (22:24) He (the Imam) said, ‘Every injustice that a man does to himself in Makkah, like stealing, injustice to others or any form of injustice is deviation and for this reason residing inside al- Haram (the sacred area) was avoided.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/74)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَتَلَ رَجُلاً فِي الْحِلِّ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ الْحَرَمَ فَقَالَ لا يُقْتَلُ وَلا يُطْعَمُ وَلا يُسْقَى وَلا يُبَايَعُ وَلا يُؤْوَى حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنَ الْحَرَمِ فَيُقَامَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَدُّ قُلْتُ فَمَا تَقُولُ فِي رَجُلٍ قَتَلَ فِي الْحَرَمِ أَوْ سَرَقَ قَالَ يُقَامُ عَلَيْهِ الْحَدُّ فِي الْحَرَمِ صَاغِراً إِنَّهُ لَمْ يَرَ لِلْحَرَمِ حُرْمَةً وَقَدْ قَالَ الله تَعَالَى فَمَنِ اعْتَدى‏ عَلَيْكُمْ فَاعْتَدُوا عَلَيْهِ بِمِثْلِ مَا اعْتَدى‏ عَلَيْكُمْ فَقَالَ هَذَا هُوَ فِي الْحَرَمِ فَقَالَ فَلا عُدْوانَ إِلاَّ عَلَى الظَّالِمِينَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has killed another man in non- sacred area but then entered the sacred area. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must not be killed, fed, given drink, dealt with for buying and selling or given protection and lodging until he comes out of the sacred area, so that he is brought to justice.’ I then asked, ‘What do you say about one who kills someone in the sacred area or steals?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Al-Hadd (justice) is applied to him inside the sacred area to bring him low; he has not paid any respect to the sacred area and Allah, most High, has said, “Whoever subjects you to their transgression, you can also do of the same degree as they have done against you.” (2:190) He (the Imam) then said, ‘This is the sacred area.’ ‘There is no animosity except the unjust ones, he added.’” (2:193)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/74)