12. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, Made Makkah a Sacred Place When He Created the Skies and Earth

Back to book

1ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأَعْرَجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِنَّ قُرَيْشاً لَمَّا هَدَمُوا الْكَعْبَةَ وَجَدُوا فِي قَوَاعِدِهِ حَجَراً فِيهِ كِتَابٌ لَمْ يُحْسِنُوا قِرَاءَتَهُ حَتَّى دَعَوْا رَجُلاً فَقَرَأَهُ فَإِذَا فِيهِ أَنَا الله ذُو بَكَّةَ حَرَّمْتُهَا يَوْمَ خَلَقْتُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ وَوَضَعْتُهَا بَيْنَ هَذَيْنِ الْجَبَلَيْنِ وَحَفَفْتُهَا بِسَبْعَةِ أَمْلاكٍ حَفّاً.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Nu’aman from Sa‘id al-’A‘raj who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when Quraysh demolished al-Ka‘bah, they found in its foundations a stone with a writing on it which could not be read properly. They found a man who was able to read and this was written on it, ‘I am Allah, owner of Bakkah, which I made sacred on the day I created the skies and earth. I placed it between these two hills and made seven angels to guard it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/68)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) يَقُولُ حَرَّمَ الله حَرَمَهُ أَنْ يُخْتَلَى خَلاهُ أَوْ يُعْضَدَ شَجَرُهُ إِلاَّ الإِذْخِرَ أَوْ يُصَادَ طَيْرُهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once heard abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, say, ‘Allah has made His House sacred. He has prohibited uprooting of its grass, cutting down of its trees, except al-Idhkhir, and hunting its birds.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/68)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَكَّةَ يَوْمَ افْتَتَحَهَا فَتَحَ بَابَ الْكَعْبَةِ فَأَمَرَ بِصُوَرٍ فِي الْكَعْبَةِ فَطُمِسَتْ فَأَخَذَ بِعِضَادَتَيِ الْبَابِ فَقَالَ لا إِلَهَ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ صَدَقَ وَعْدَهُ وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَهَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ مَا ذَا تَقُولُونَ وَمَا ذَا تَظُنُّونَ قَالُوا نَظُنُّ خَيْراً وَنَقُولُ خَيْراً أَخٌ كَرِيمٌ وَابْنُ أَخٍ كَرِيمٍ وَقَدْ قَدَرْتَ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أَقُولُ كَمَا قَالَ أَخِي يُوسُفُ لا تَثْرِيبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْيَوْمَ يَغْفِرُ الله لَكُمْ وَهُوَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ أَلا إِنَّ الله قَدْ حَرَّمَ مَكَّةَ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ فَهِيَ حَرَامٌ بِحَرَامِ الله إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ لا يُنَفَّرُ صَيْدُهَا وَلا يُعْضَدُ شَجَرُهَا وَلا يُخْتَلَى خَلاهَا وَلا تَحِلُّ لُقَطَتُهَا إِلاَّ لِمُنْشِدٍ فَقَالَ الْعَبَّاسُ يَا رَسُولَ الله إِلاَّ الإِذْخِرَ فَإِنَّهُ لِلْقَبْرِ وَالْبُيُوتِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِلاَّ الإِذْخِرَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, arrived in Makkah on the day of its liberation, he opened the door of al-Ka‘bah and ordered the pictures that were on the walls deleted. He was then holding the doorjamb on both sides and said, ‘No one except Allah deserves worship. He is the only One and has no partner. He makes His promise to come true, supports His servant, defeats the parties all by Himself alone. What do you say and what do you think?’ They replied, ‘We think good and say good about you. You are gracious brethren, the son of gracious brethren and you now certainly are powerful.’ He then said, ‘I then say what my brother Yusuf (Joseph) had said, “I place no blame on you this day. Allah forgives and He is most merciful of the merciful ones.” (12:96) However, Allah made Makkah a sacred place on the day He created the skies and earth. Therefore, it is sacred because of Allah’s prohibition until the Day of Judgment. Hunting in it is not permissible; cutting its trees is not permissible; uprooting its grass is not permissible; and keeping findings therein is not permissible unless it is to find the owner.’ Al- ‘Abbas then said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, ‘Is al-Idhkhir an exception? It is used for burial and houses.’ The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said, ‘al-Idhkhir is an exception.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/69)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَوْمَ فَتْحِ مَكَّةَ إِنَّ الله حَرَّمَ مَكَّةَ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ وَهِيَ حَرَامٌ إِلَى أَنْ تَقُومَ السَّاعَةُ لَمْ تَحِلَّ لأَحَدٍ قَبْلِي وَلا تَحِلُّ لأَحَدٍ بَعْدِي وَلَمْ تَحِلَّ لِي إِلاَّ سَاعَةً مِنْ نَهَارٍ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “He (the Imam) has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, on the day of liberation of Makkah said, ‘Allah made Makkah sacred (restricted) on the day He created the skies and earth and it remains sacred until the Hour of doom. It never was unsacred (unrestricted) for anyone before me, it will never be unsacred for anyone after me, and it is not unsacred (unrestricted) for me except for one hour during the day (to deal with the enemy).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/69)