122. The Crowded Situation Around the Black Stone

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) كُنَّا نَقُولُ لا بُدَّ أَنْ نَسْتَفْتِحَ بِالْحَجَرِ وَنَخْتِمَ بِهِ فَأَمَّا الْيَوْمَ فَقَدْ كَثُرَ النَّاسُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘We would say that we must commence our Tawaf from the Black Stone and end by the Black Stone; however, today the number of people has increased.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/18)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كُنْتُ أَطُوفُ وَسُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ قَرِيبٌ مِنِّي فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله كَيْفَ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَصْنَعُ بِالْحَجَرِ إِذَا انْتَهَى إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ كَانَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) يَسْتَلِمُهُ فِي كُلِّ طَوَافِ فَرِيضَةٍ وَنَافِلَةٍ قَالَ فَتَخَلَّفَ عَنِّي قَلِيلاً فَلَمَّا انْتَهَيْتُ إِلَى الْحَجَرِ جُزْتُ وَمَشَيْتُ فَلَمْ أَسْتَلِمْهُ فَلَحِقَنِي فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ الله أَ لَمْ تُخْبِرْنِي أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) كَانَ يَسْتَلِمُ الْحَجَرَ فِي كُلِّ طَوَافِ فَرِيضَةٍ وَنَافِلَةٍ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ فَقَدْ مَرَرْتَ بِهِ فَلَمْ تَسْتَلِمْ فَقُلْتُ إِنَّ النَّاسَ كَانُوا يَرَوْنَ لِرَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَا لا يَرَوْنَ لِي وَكَانَ إِذَا انْتَهَى إِلَى الْحَجَرِ أَفْرَجُوا لَهُ حَتَّى يَسْتَلِمَهُ وَإِنِّي أَكْرَهُ الزِّحَامَ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from af-Fadf ibn Shadhan from Safwan ibn Yahya and ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Abd af- Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘I was performing Tawaf and Sufyan al-Thawriy was nearby. He asked, “O ‘Abd Allah, what would the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, do when he arrived there?” I replied, “He (the Messenger of Allah), O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, would touch it in each Tawaf, obligatory or optional.’” He (the Imam) has said, ‘He kept behind slightly from me and when I arrived near the Black Stone, I passed and walked and did not touch it. He (Sufyan) approached me and said, “O abu ‘Abd Allah, did you not tell me that the Messenger of Allah would touch the Black Stone in each Tawaf obligatory or optional?” I replied, “Yes, I did say so.” He then said, “You just passed and did not touch.” I said, “What people would see with the Messenger of Allah, they do not see with me. When he (the Messenger of Allah) would arrive near the Black Stone people would make room for him, and I do not like congestion.’””




3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ سَيْفٍ التَّمَّارِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَتَيْتُ الْحَجَرَ الأَسْوَدَ فَوَجَدْتُ عَلَيْهِ زِحَاماً فَلَمْ أَلْقَ إِلاَّ رَجُلاً مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا فَسَأَلْتُهُ فَقَالَ لا بُدَّ مِنِ اسْتِلامِهِ فَقَالَ إِنْ وَجَدْتَهُ خَالِياً وَإِلاَّ فَسَلِّمْ مِنْ بَعِيدٍ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from Safwan ibn Yahya from Sayf al- Tammar who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that I arrived near the Black Stone and found people crowded. I did not find anyone of our people except one man. I asked him and he said that it is necessary to touch the Black Stone. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, if you find it free of the crowd; otherwise, salute it from a distant place.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/18)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ حَجَّ وَلَمْ يَسْتَلِمِ الْحَجَرَ فَقَالَ هُوَ مِنَ السُّنَّةِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ فَالله أَوْلَى بِالْعُذْرِ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs Hajj but does not touch the Black Stone. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is of the Sunnah, but if you cannot do it, Allah is the foremost to accept one’s apology.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/19)



5ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) إِنِّي لا أَخْلُصُ إِلَى الْحَجَرِ الأَسْوَدِ فَقَالَ إِذَا طُفْتَ طَوَافَ الْفَرِيضَةِ فَلا يَضُرُّكَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ya’qub ibn Shu’ayb who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that I cannot find an opportunity to reach the Black Stone. He (the Imam) said, ‘If you perform obligatory Tawaf, then it is not harmful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/19)



6ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْحَجَرِ إِذَا لَمْ أَسْتَطِعْ مَسَّهُ وَكَثُرَ الزِّحَامُ فَقَالَ أَمَّا الشَّيْخُ الْكَبِيرُ وَالضَّعِيفُ وَالْمَرِيضُ فَمُرَخَّصٌ وَمَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ تَدَعَ مَسَّهُ إِلاَّ أَنْ لا تَجِدَ بُدّاً.


6. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from Muhammad al-Halabiy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of the Black Stone if one cannot touch it because of the crowd. He (the Imam) said, ‘Old people, the weak ones and those suffering from illness are excused. I do not like your ignoring to touch the Black Stone, unless you cannot find any opportunity to touch it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/19)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ الله قَالَ سُئِلَ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنِ الْحَجَرِ الأَسْوَدِ وَهَلْ يُقَاتَلُ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ إِذَا كَثُرُوا قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ كَذَلِكَ فَأَوْمِ إِلَيْهِ إِيمَاءً بِيَدِكَ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Muhammad ibn ’Ubayd Allah who has said the following: “I once asked al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of the Black Stone if it is permissible for people to fight, so that they can touch it. He (the Imam) said, ‘If that becomes the case then just make a gesture toward it with your hand.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/19)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ جَهْرٌ بِالتَّلْبِيَةِ وَلا اسْتِلامُ الْحَجَرِ وَلا دُخُولُ الْبَيْتِ وَلا سَعْيٌ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ يَعْنِي الْهَرْوَلَةَ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from abu Basir who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not necessary for women to say al-Talbiyah (here I am, O Lord, to obey Your command) aloud, touch the Black Stone, enter the House or Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah that is in a trotting (step).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/19)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) اسْتَلِمُوا الرُّكْنَ فَإِنَّهُ يَمِينُ الله فِي خَلْقِهِ يُصَافِحُ بِهَا خَلْقَهُ مُصَافَحَةَ الْعَبْدِ أَوِ الرَّجُلِ يَشْهَدُ لِمَنِ اسْتَلَمَهُ بِالْمُوَافَاةِ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Ahmad ibn Musa from Ali ibn Ja’far from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said this. ‘You should touch the corner (of the Black Stone); it is the right hand of Allah among His creatures with which He shakes hands with His creatures, like shaking hands by a slave - or a man (uncertainty is by the narrator) - and those who touch it bear witness to their standing up to their covenant.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/20)



10ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأَعْرَجِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ اسْتِلامِ الْحَجَرِ مِنْ قِبَلِ الْبَابِ فَقَالَ أَ لَيْسَ إِنَّمَا تُرِيدُ أَنْ تَسْتَلِمَ الرُّكْنَ قُلْتُ نَعَمْ قَالَ يُجْزِئُكَ حَيْثُ مَا نَالَتْ يَدُكَ.


10. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Sa‘id al-’A‘raj who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about touching the Black Stone from the side of the door. He (the Imam) said, ‘Is it not the case that you want to touch the corner?’ I said, ‘Yes, that is what I want.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Whichever way your hand reaches is sufficient.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/20)