111. The Case of Several People Hunting One Prey in the State of al-’ Ihram

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَصَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلَيْنِ أَصَابَا صَيْداً وَهُمَا مُحْرِمَانِ الْجَزَاءُ بَيْنَهُمَا أَوْ عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا جَزَاءٌ فَقَالَ لا بَلْ عَلَيْهِمَا أَنْ يَجْزِيَ كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا الصَّيْدَ قُلْتُ إِنَّ بَعْضَ أَصْحَابِنَا سَأَلَنِي عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَلَمْ أَدْرِ مَا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ إِذَا أَصَبْتُمْ مِثْلَ هَذَا فَلَمْ تَدْرُوا فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالاحْتِيَاطِ حَتَّى تَسْأَلُوا عَنْهُ فَتَعْلَمُوا. عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ مِثْلَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr and from Safwan ibn Yahya all from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of two men who kill one prey while they are in the state of Ihram; if they each pay one ransom or both pay only one ransom. He (the Imam) said, ‘No, each one must pay a penalty for the prey.’ I then said that certain persons of our people asked me about it and I did not know. He (the Imam) said, ‘If you face such a condition and you do not know the answer, you must maintain precaution until you ask about it and learn.’” NOTE:Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al- Hajjaj a similar Hadith.




2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا اجْتَمَعَ قَوْمٌ عَلَى صَيْدٍ وَهُمْ مُحْرِمُونَ فِي صَيْدِهِ أَوْ أَكَلُوا مِنْهُ فَعَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمْ قِيمَتُهُ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a group of people together kill a prey while they are in the state of Ihram or eat from its flesh, each one must pay the cost of such prey.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/383)



3ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْحَكَمِ بْنِ أَيْمَنَ عَنْ يُوسُفَ الطَّاطَرِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) صَيْدٌ أَكَلَهُ قَوْمٌ مُحْرِمُونَ قَالَ عَلَيْهِمْ شَاةٌ وَلَيْسَ عَلَى الَّذِي ذَبَحَهُ إِلاَّ شَاةٌ.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-Hakam ibn Ayman from Yusuf al-Tatariy who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a people who in the state of Ihram eat from the flesh of an animal which is hunted. He (the Imam) said, ‘They owe one sheep and the one who has slaughtered does not owe more than a sheep.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/384)



4ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قَوْمٍ اشْتَرَوْا صَيْداً فَقَالَتْ رَفِيقَةٌ لَهُمْ اجْعَلُوا لِي فِيهِ بِدِرْهَمٍ فَجَعَلُوا لَهَا فَقَالَ عَلَى كُلِّ إِنْسَانٍ مِنْهُمْ فِدَاءٌ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Ali ibn abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a people who buy an animal which is hunted, and one of their female companions ask them to leave for her something thereof for a dirham. He (the Imam) said, ‘Every human being of them owes a ransom.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/384)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَلاَّدٍ الْحَنَّاطِ قَالَ خَرَجْنَا سِتَّةَ نَفَرٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَأَوْقَدْنَا نَاراً عَظِيمَةً فِي بَعْضِ الْمَنَازِلِ أَرَدْنَا أَنْ نَطْرَحَ عَلَيْهَا لَحْماً ذَكِيّاً وَكُنَّا مُحْرِمِينَ فَمَرَّ بِنَا طَائِرٌ صَافٌّ قَالَ حَمَامَةٌ أَوْ شِبْهُهَا فَأَحْرَقَتْ جَنَاحَهُ فَسَقَطَ فِي النَّارِ فَمَاتَ فَاغْتَمَمْنَا لِذَلِكَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) بِمَكَّةَ فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ وَسَأَلْتُهُ فَقَالَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِدَاءٌ وَاحِدٌ دَمُ شَاةٍ تَشْتَرِكُونَ فِيهِ جَمِيعاً لأَنَّ ذَلِكَ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ عَلَى غَيْرِ تَعَمُّدٍ وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَلِكَ مِنْكُمْ تَعَمُّداً لِيَقَعَ فِيهَا الصَّيْدُ فَوَقَعَ أَلْزَمْتُ كُلَّ رَجُلٍ مِنْكُمْ دَمَ شَاةٍ قَالَ أَبُو وَلاَّدٍ وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ مِنَّا قَبْلَ أَنْ نَدْخُلَ الْحَرَمَ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from abu Wallad al-Hannat who has said the following: “In a group one year we went for Makkah and on the way, once we started a large fire to cook a certain amount of meat, while we were in the state of Ihram; and a bird like a pigeon flapping its wings, flew by and hit the fire. Its wings burnt and it died. We became depressed. I then went to see abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, in Makkah, informed him about it and asked about the applicable rule. He (the Imam) said, ‘All of you owe only one sheep as partners because it was without your intentions. Had it been intentional on your part and a prey had fallen in it each one of you would have owed one sheep.’ Abu Wallad has said that it happened before we entered al-Haram (the sacred area).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/384)



6ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ شِهَابٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) فِي مُحْرِمَيْنِ أَصَابَا صَيْداً فَقَالَ عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِنْهُمَا الْفِدَاءُ.


6. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Shihab from Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked one of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about the case of two people who in the state of Ihram hunt and kill an animal. He (the Imam) said, ‘Each one of them owes a ransom.’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/385)