110. Expiation for Harming Birds and Eggs in the State of al-’Ihram

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُحْرِمُ إِذَا أَصَابَ حَمَامَةً فَفِيهَا شَاةٌ وَإِنْ قَتَلَ فِرَاخَهُ فَفِيهِ حَمَلٌ وَإِنْ وَطِىَ الْبَيْضَ فَعَلَيْهِ دِرْهَمٌ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz ibn ‘ Abd Allah who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one in the state of Ihram kills a pigeon, the ransom for it is one sheep, if he kill its chick its ransom is one lamb, and if he steps on its egg its ransom is one dirham.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/378)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ فِي الْحَمَامَةِ وَأَشْبَاهِهَا إِذَا قَتَلَهَا الْمُحْرِمُ شَاةٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ فِرَاخاً فَعَدْلُهَا مِنَ الْحُمْلانِ وَقَالَ فِي رَجُلٍ وَطِىَ بَيْضَ نَعَامَةٍ فَفَدَغَهَا وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ فَقَالَ قَضَى فِيهِ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنْ يُرْسِلَ الْفَحْلَ عَلَى مِثْلِ عَدَدِ الْبَيْضِ مِنَ الإِبِلِ فَمَا لَقِحَ وَسَلِمَ حَتَّى يُنْتَجَ كَانَ النِّتَاجُ هَدْياً بَالِغَ الْكَعْبَةِ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘For killing pigeons and the like in the state of Ihram, the ransom is one sheep, and for chicks it is one lamb for each.’ He (the Imam) about a man who steps on the eggs of ostrich and breaks, has said, ‘Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, issued a judgment that said, “He must send male camel on female camel equal to the number of eggs affected and whatever the product is, as offering, it must rich al-Ka‘bah as offering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/378)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنِ الْمُفَضَّلِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا قَتَلَ الْمُحْرِمُ قَطَاةً فَعَلَيْهِ حَمَلٌ قَدْ فُطِمَ مِنَ اللَّبَنِ وَرَعَى مِنَ الشَّجَرِ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Sahl ibn Ziyad all from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from al-Mufaddal ibn Salih who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one in the state of Ihram kills a sandgrouse, he owes one lamb which is weaned and grazes shrubs.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/378)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ مُحْرِمٍ وَطِىَ بَيْضَ قَطَاةٍ فَشَدَخَهُ قَالَ يُرْسِلُ الْفَحْلَ فِي عَدَدِ الْبَيْضِ مِنَ الْغَنَمِ كَمَا يُرْسِلُ الْفَحْلَ فِي عَدَدِ الْبَيْضِ مِنَ النَّعَامِ فِي الإِبِلِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Sinan from ibn Muskan from Mansur ibn Hazim from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram steps on the egg of a sandgrouse and shatters it. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must send rams on ewes equal to the number of eggs affected, as in the case of the eggs of ostrich in which male camel are sent on female camels.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/379)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ فِي كِتَابِ عَلِيٍّ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ فِي بَيْضِ الْقَطَاةِ بَكَارَةٌ مِنَ الْغَنَمِ إِذَا أَصَابَهُ الْمُحْرِمُ مِثْلُ مَا فِي بَيْضِ النَّعَامِ بَكَارَةٌ مِنَ الإِبِلِ.


5. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is in the book of Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that the ransom for breaking the egg of a sandgrouse is one young ewe, just as for the egg of an ostrich the ransom is one young she camel.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/380)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَتَلَ فَرْخاً وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ فِي غَيْرِ الْحَرَمِ فَقَالَ عَلَيْهِ حَمَلٌ وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ قِيمَةٌ لأَنَّهُ لَيْسَ فِي الْحَرَمِ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn abu Hamzah from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram kills a chick in non-al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘He owes one lamb and he does not have to pay its cost because it is not in al-Haram (the sacred area).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/380)



7ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يَاسِينَ الضَّرِيرِ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ قِيمَةِ مَا فِي الْقُمْرِيِّ وَالدُّبْسِيِّ وَالسُّمَانَى وَالْعُصْفُورِ وَالْبُلْبُلِ فَقَالَ قِيمَتُهُ فَإِنْ أَصَابَهُ وَهُوَ مُحْرِمٌ بِالْحَرَمِ فَقِيمَتَانِ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ فِيهِ دَمٌ.


7. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yasin al-Darir from Hariz from those whom he has mentioned from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the cost of turtledove, al-Dubsiy, (a certain bird), quail, sparrow and nightingale. He (the Imam) said, ‘He owes the cost. If he, however, has killed it in the state of Ihram in al-Haram (the sacred area), he owes double of the cost, but there is no offering of animal life.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/380)



8ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي الْقُبَّرَةِ وَالْعُصْفُورِ وَالصَّعْوَةِ يَقْتُلُهُمُ الْمُحْرِمُ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ مُدٌّ مِنْ طَعَامٍ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ.


8. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from certain persons of our people who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who in the state of Ihram kills a lark, sparrow or al-Sa‘wah (small sparrow). He (the Imam) said, ‘He owes one mud (a certain measurement) of food for each one of them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالصحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/381)



9ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ فِي كِتَابِ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) مَنْ أَصَابَ قَطَاةً أَوْ حَجَلَةً أَوْ دُرَّاجَةً أَوْ نَظِيرَهُنَّ فَعَلَيْهِ دَمٌ.


9. Muhammad ibn Ja’far has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from Mansur ibn Hazim from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is in the book of Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘If one in the state of Ihram kills a sandgrouse, partridge or francolin or a similar bird he owes an offering animal.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/381)



10ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) رَجُلٌ أَصَابَ طَيْرَيْنِ وَاحِدٌ مِنْ حَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ وَالآخَرُ مِنْ حَمَامِ غَيْرِ الْحَرَمِ قَالَ يَشْتَرِي بِقِيمَةِ الَّذِي مِنْ حَمَامِ الْحَرَمِ قَمْحاً فَيُطْعِمُهُ حَمَامَ الْحَرَمِ وَيَتَصَدَّقُ بِجَزَاءِ الآخَرِ.


10. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthaman who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who has harmed two birds. One is of the pigeons of al-Haram (the sacred area) and the other is from non-al-Haram (the sacred area). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must buy an amount of wheat which is of equal value to the pigeon of al-Haram and feed it to the pigeons of al-Haram, and give charity as penalty for the other.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/381)