112. The Differences in Hunting on Land and in the Sea and Lawful Hunting in the State of al-’ Ihram

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يَصِيدَ الْمُحْرِمُ السَّمَكَ وَيَأْكُلَ مَالِحَهُ وَطَرِيَّهُ وَيَتَزَوَّدَ وَقَالَ أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ صَيْدُ الْبَحْرِ وَطَعامُهُ مَتاعاً لَكُمْ قَالَ مَالِحُهُ الَّذِي يَأْكُلُونَ وَفَصْلُ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا كُلُّ طَيْرٍ يَكُونُ فِي الآجَامِ يَبِيضُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَيُفْرِخُ فِي الْبَرِّ فَهُوَ مِنْ صَيْدِ الْبَرِّ وَمَا كَانَ مِنْ صَيْدِ الْبَرِّ يَكُونُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَيَبِيضُ فِي الْبَحْرِ وَيُفْرِخُ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَهُوَ مِنْ صَيْدِ الْبَحْرِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is not harmful to catch fish while one is in the state of Ihram and use it for food, regardless if it is salty or fresh. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, “Hunting from the sea is made lawful for you and sea food is for your supplies.” (5:97) He (the Imam) has said, ‘The salty one is what you use for food. The difference in between is that every bird in the jungle that lays egg on land and hatches on land is of the hunting prey on land. Of the hunting subject on land those which lay eggs in the sea and hatch in the sea are of the objects of hunting from the sea.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/385)



2ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَكُونُ أَصْلُهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ وَيَكُونُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ فَلا يَنْبَغِي لِلْمُحْرِمِ أَنْ يَقْتُلَهُ فَإِنْ قَتَلَهُ فَعَلَيْهِ الْجَزَاءُ كَمَا قَالَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘ Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Everything that originates from the sea but is found on land and in the sea, on the basis of precaution, should not be killed by those who are in the state of Ihram. If they kill such animals, they owe penalty as Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/386)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ مِنْ مُحْرِمٍ قَتَلَ جَرَادَةً قَالَ كَفٌّ مِنْ طَعَامٍ وَإِنْ كَانَ كَثِيراً فَعَلَيْهِ دَمُ شَاةٍ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in the state of Ihram and kills a locust. He (the Imam) said, ‘He owes one handful of food, but if they are many then he owes one sheep.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/386)



4ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) فِي مُحْرِمٍ قَتَلَ جَرَادَةً قَالَ يُطْعِمُ تَمْرَةً وَالتَّمْرَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنْ جَرَادَةٍ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “About a man who kills a locust while in the state of Ihram, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He must feed a date (to a destitute person), even though a date is better than a locust.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/386)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) أَنَّهُ قَالَ اعْلَمْ أَنَّ مَا وَطِئْتَ مِنَ الدَّبَا أَوْ وَطِئَتْهُ بَعِيرُكَ فَعَلَيْكَ فِدَاؤُهُ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must take notice that whatever moving things you or your camel may step on, you owe ransom therefor.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/387)



6ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ مَرَّ عَلِيٌّ صَلَوَاتُ الله عَلَيْهِ عَلَى قَوْمٍ يَأْكُلُونَ جَرَاداً فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ الله وَأَنْتُمْ مُحْرِمُونَ فَقَالُوا إِنَّمَا هُوَ مِنْ صَيْدِ الْبَحْرِ فَقَالَ لَهُمُ ارْمُوهُ فِي الْمَاءِ إِذاً.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, passed by a people who were eating locusts. He said Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects) and you are in the state of Ihram! They said, ‘It is of the object of hunting from the sea.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If that is the case, then throw them in the sea.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/387)



7ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ الْمُحْرِمُ يَتَنَكَّبُ الْجَرَادَ إِذَا كَانَ عَلَى الطَّرِيقِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ بُدّاً فَقَتَلَ فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘A person in the state of Ihram should avoid locusts, if they are on the road but if it is not avoidable and they get killed, then there is nothing on him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/387)



8ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْجَرَادِ يَدْخُلُ مَتَاعَ الْقَوْمِ فَيَدُوسُونَهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ تَعَمُّدٍ لِقَتْلِهِ أَوْ يَمُرُّونَ بِهِ فِي الطَّرِيقِ فَيَطَئُونَهُ قَالَ إِنْ وَجَدْتَ مَعْدِلاً فَاعْدِلْ عَنْهُ فَإِنْ قَتَلْتَهُ غَيْرَ مُتَعَمِّدٍ فَلا بَأْسَ.


8. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about locusts which get into the people’s goods and they unintentionally trample upon them or when passing on the road; step on them. He (the Imam) said, ‘If you can, avoid it but if you kill it unintentionally, then there is nothing on you.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/388)



9ـ حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنِ الطَّيَّارِ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلاَم) قَالَ لا يَأْكُلِ الْمُحْرِمُ طَيْرَ الْمَاءِ.


9. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from more than one person from Aban formal-Tayyar from one of the two Imams, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), who has said the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja’far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘One in the state of Ihram, must not eat sea birds.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/388)