105. The Case of One Who Involves Himself in Carnal Relations with his Wife in the State of al-’Ihram after Completing Some Acts of al-Hajj

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1ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ مُحْرِزٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ وَقَعَ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَطُوفَ طَوَافَ النِّسَاءِ قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَخَرَجْتُ إِلَى أَصْحَابِنَا فَأَخْبَرْتُهُمْ فَقَالُوا اتَّقَاكَ هَذَا مُيَسِّرٌ قَدْ سَأَلَهُ عَنْ مِثْلِ مَا سَأَلْتَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلَيْكَ بَدَنَةٌ قَالَ فَدَخَلْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنِّي أَخْبَرْتُ أَصْحَابَنَا بِمَا أَجَبْتَنِي فَقَالُوا اتَّقَاكَ هَذَا مُيَسِّرٌ قَدْ سَأَلَهُ عَمَّا سَأَلْتَ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلَيْكَ بَدَنَةٌ فَقَالَ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ كَانَ بَلَغَهُ فَهَلْ بَلَغَكَ قُلْتُ لا قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Salmah ibn Muhriz who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs sexual intercourse with his wife before Tawaf al-Nisa’. He (the Imam) said, ‘There is nothing on him.’ I then left and spoke about it to our people. They said, ‘He (the Imam) has used Taqiyah before you. This is Muyassir who had asked him (the Imam) what you have asked, and he (the Imam) said that you owe a badanah.’ I then went to see him (the Imam) and said, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, I spoke of your answer to our people and they said that you have used Taqiyah before me. Muyassir had asked you the same question and you had said that there is one badanah. He (the Imam) said, ‘He knew the rules. Did you know the rules?’ I replied, ‘No, I did not know the rules.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘There is nothing on you.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/357)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدٍ الْقَمَّاطِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ وَقَعَ عَلَى امْرَأَتِهِ يَوْمَ النَّحْرِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَزُورَ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ وَقَعَ عَلَيْهَا بِشَهْوَةٍ فَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ فَبَقَرَةٌ قُلْتُ أَوْ شَاةٌ قَالَ أَوْ شَاةٌ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from abu Khalid al-Qammat who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who involves himself in sexual intercourse with his wife on the day of al-Nahr (day of offering sacrifice) before performing Tawaf of Ziyarat. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he has done so with lust he owes a badanah, without it there is a cow.’ I said, ‘Or a sheep’ and he (the Imam) said, ‘Or a sheep.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/357)



3ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ مُتَمَتِّعٍ وَقَعَ عَلَى أَهْلِهِ وَلَمْ يَزُرْ قَالَ يَنْحَرُ جَزُوراً وَقَدْ خَشِيتُ أَنْ يَكُونَ قَدْ ثُلِمَ حَجُّهُ إِنْ كَانَ عَالِماً وَإِنْ كَانَ جَاهِلاً فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ وَقَعَ عَلَى امْرَأَتِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَطُوفَ طَوَافَ النِّسَاءِ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ جَزُورٌ سَمِينَةٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ جَاهِلاً فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَبَّلَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَقَدْ طَافَ طَوَافَ النِّسَاءِ وَلَمْ تَطُفْ هِيَ قَالَ عَلَيْهِ دَمٌ يُهَرِيقُهُ مِنْ عِنْدِهِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is in al-Hajj al-Tamattu‘ (advantageous) and is involved in sexual intercourse with his wife before performing Tawaf of Ziyarat. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must offer Jazur (slaughter a camel), and I am afraid for his al-Hajj becoming invalid if he knows the rules; but if he does not know the rules there is nothing on him.’ I asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is involved in sexual intercourse with his wife before performing Tawaf al-Nisa’. He (the Imam) said, ‘He owes one healthy Jazur, but if he does not know the rules there is nothing on him.’ I then asked about a man who has completed Tawaf al-Nisa’ and kisses his wife who has not completed Tawaf al-Nisa’. He (the Imam) said, ‘He owes one animal offering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/358)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ وَاقَعَ أَهْلَهُ حِينَ ضَحَّى قَبْلَ أَنْ يَزُورَ الْبَيْتَ قَالَ يُهَرِيقُ دَماً.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Is ibn al-Qasim who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is involved in sexual intercourse with his wife after offering sacrifice before Tawaf of Ziyarat. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must offer one animal offering.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/358)



5ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ إِذَا وَاقَعَ الْمُحْرِمُ امْرَأَتَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَأْتِيَ الْمُزْدَلِفَةَ فَعَلَيْهِ الْحَجُّ مِنْ قَابِلٍ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one performs sexual intercourse with his wife before coming to al-Muzdalifah, he is required to perform al-Hajj in future.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/359)



6ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ حُمْرَانَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ كَانَ عَلَيْهِ طَوَافُ النِّسَاءِ وَحْدَهُ فَطَافَ مِنْهُ خَمْسَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ ثُمَّ غَمَزَهُ بَطْنُهُ فَخَافَ أَنْ يَبْدُرَهُ فَخَرَجَ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ فَنَفَضَ ثُمَّ غَشِيَ جَارِيَتَهُ قَالَ يَغْتَسِلُ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ فَيَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ طَوَافَيْنِ تَمَامَ مَا كَانَ قَدْ بَقِيَ عَلَيْهِ مِنْ طَوَافِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُ الله وَلا يَعُودُ وَإِنْ كَانَ طَافَ طَوَافَ النِّسَاءِ فَطَافَ مِنْهُ ثَلاثَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَغَشِيَ فَقَدْ أَفْسَدَ حَجَّهُ وَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ وَيَغْتَسِلُ ثُمَّ يَعُودُ فَيَطُوفُ أُسْبُوعاً.


6. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Sahl ibn Ziyad from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from Humran ibn ‘A’yan who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who is required to perform Tawaf al- Nisa’ alone. He performs five times walking around the House, then he feels trouble in his stomach and fears its getting out of his control; so he goes to his lodging and after relieving himself becomes involved in sexual intercourse with his slave-girl. He (the Imam) said, ‘He must do Ghusl (bath), then go complete Tawaf around the House twice to complete what was left, and ask Allah to forgive him and must not repeat. If he has made three times walking around the House for Tawaf al-Nisa’, then goes and becomes involved in sexual intercourse his al-Hajj is destroyed, he owes one badanah; he takes Ghusl (bath) then goes to perform Tawaf of seven times, walking around the House.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/359)



7ـ ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَبْدِيِّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) عَنْ رَجُلٍ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ أُسْبُوعاً طَوَافَ الْفَرِيضَةِ ثُمَّ سَعَى بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ ثُمَّ غَمَزَهُ بَطْنُهُ فَخَرَجَ فَقَضَى حَاجَتَهُ ثُمَّ غَشِيَ أَهْلَهُ قَالَ يَغْتَسِلُ ثُمَّ يَعُودُ فَيَطُوفُ ثَلاثَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُ رَبَّهُ وَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ كَانَ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ طَوَافَ الْفَرِيضَةِ فَطَافَ أَرْبَعَةَ أَشْوَاطٍ ثُمَّ غَمَزَهُ بَطْنُهُ فَخَرَجَ فَقَضَى حَاجَتَهُ فَغَشِيَ أَهْلَهُ فَقَالَ أَفْسَدَ حَجَّهُ وَعَلَيْهِ بَدَنَةٌ وَيَغْتَسِلُ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ فَيَطُوفُ أُسْبُوعاً ثُمَّ يَسْعَى وَيَسْتَغْفِرُ رَبَّهُ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ لَمْ تَجْعَلْ عَلَيْهِ حِينَ غَشِيَ أَهْلَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَفْرُغَ مِنْ سَعْيِهِ كَمَا جَعَلْتَ عَلَيْهِ هَدْياً حِينَ غَشِيَ أَهْلَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَفْرُغَ مِنْ طَوَافِهِ قَالَ إِنَّ الطَّوَافَ فَرِيضَةٌ وَفِيهِ صَلاةٌ وَالسَّعْيَ سُنَّةٌ مِنْ رَسُولِ الله (صلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قُلْتُ أَ لَيْسَ الله يَقُولُ إِنَّ الصَّفا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعائِرِ الله قَالَ بَلَى وَلَكِنْ قَدْ قَالَ فِيهِمَا وَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْراً فَإِنَّ الله شاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ فَلَوْ كَانَ السَّعْيُ فَرِيضَةً لَمْ يَقُلْ فَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْراً.


7. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from ‘Abd al-‘Aziz al-‘Abdiy from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who performs seven time Tawaf around the House, then performs Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah four times, and feels trouble in his stomach. He then goes to his lodging and relieves himself; then he overwhelms his wife for (sexual intercourse). He (the Imam) said, ‘He must do Ghusl (bath) and return to complete his Sa‘y between al-Safa’ and al-Marwah with another three walking, ask his Lord for forgiveness and there is nothing on him.’ I then asked, ‘What is the rule if he performs obligatory Tawaf around the House, and after the fourth round of walking he feels trouble in his stomach, goes to relieve himself and overwhelms his wife for (sexual intercourse). He (the Imam) said, ‘His al-Hajj is destroyed, he owes one badanah. He must do Ghusl (bath), go back to perform Tawaf of seven times, then perform Sa‘y between al- Safa’ and al-Marwah and ask his Lord for forgiveness.’ I asked, ‘Why is there not anything on him when he performs sexual intercourse with his wife before completing Sa‘y of seven times walking for complete Sa‘y, as he owes one offering because of his sexual intercourse with his wife before completing Tawaf? He (the Imam) said, ‘Tawaf is obligatory and there is Salat (prayer) with it. Sa‘y is of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. I then said, ‘Has Allah not said, “Al-Safa’ and al-Marwah are of the reminders of Allah?”’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, He has done so, there are also these words of Allah (to consider), “If one volunteers goodness he will find Allah appreciative and all-Knowing.” Had Sa‘y been obligatory He would not say, “Those who volunteer”.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (17/360)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَم) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَالَ لامْرَأَتِهِ أَوْ لِجَارِيَتِهِ بَعْدَ مَا حَلَقَ فَلَمْ يَطُفْ وَلَمْ يَسْعَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ اطْرَحِي ثَوْبَكِ وَنَظَرَ إِلَى فَرْجِهَا قَالَ لا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ غَيْرَ النَّظَرِ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ali ibn Yaqtin who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a man who before Tawaf and Sa‘y between al- Safa’ and al-Marwah and after shaving says to his wife or slave-girl to remove her clothes to one side and he looks at her vagina. He (the Imam) said, ‘There is nothing upon him if there is nothing else besides looking.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (7/361)